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VOL. 23 JANUARY, 1976 NO. 1 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


The sands of time are sinking, 

The dawn of heaven breaks; 
The summer morn I've sighed for, 

The fair, sweet morn awakes; 
Dark, dark hath been the midnight, 

But dayspring is at hand, 
And glory, glory dwelleth 

In Immanuel's land. 

Christ, He is the fountain, 

The deep, sweet well of love! 
The streams on earth I*ve tasted 

More deep I'll drink above: 
There to an ocean fullness 

His mercy doth expand, 
And glory, glory dwelleth 

In Immanuel ' s land . 

With mercy and with judgment 

My web of time He wove, 
And aye the dews of sorrow 

Were lustered by His love. 
1*11 bless the hand that guided, 

I'll bless the heart that planned, 
When throned where glory dwelleth 

In Immanuel 1 s land. 

By Anne Ross Cousin, 1824-1906 

"THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Another year has begun. We hope and trust that all 
who read The Pilgr im intend to have God's will done in 
their lives* We also hope that in 1976 we can learn 
more perfectly what God's will for us is and learn to 
follow Him more closely. To this end we offer the fol- 
lowing scriptures and comments for a New Year's medita- 

The will of God! What is it? and how can we know 
it? How can weak /mortal creatures, so far removed 
from God through the fall, have any certainty regarding 
the will of One so high and powerful? Though from 
man's standpoint this would seem, hopeless, God has made 
it possible. Ephesians 2:13' says, "But now in Christ 
Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by 
the blood of ; Christ." Because of God's redemptive ef- 
forts we can now be close to Him and know His will. 

The source of our knowledge of God's will is His 
Word. We are like God in that we usually tell what we 
want and like — we express our desires. So God has ex- 
pressed His will in His Word which He has given to men 
at various ti jBB through history. Jesus came as the 
final revelation of God's will. He is called the Word, 
and He declared that "Heaven and 'earth shall pass away': 
but my words, shall not pass away." (Mark 13:31) 

God's Holy Spirit is the Inturpreter and Guide to 
the Word, ffe gives us understanding and brings the 
word to our remembrance so that God's Word is more than 
just words on a page. Through the Spirit, God's will 
is revealed to us in His written Word. The Spirit 
guides us into truth, and there is no conflict when He 
is guiding. If we find some spirit leading us into 
something that is contrary to God's Word, then we know 
this is not from God. 


Our conscience is a less reliable means of knowing 
God's will* If it is educated and enlightened by God's 
Word it is a most helpful means of revelation- Cruden's 
Concordance says "A conscience can be educated, or 
trained to recognize good and evil, but its action is 
involuntary. " Some years ago Charles Sheldon wrote 
"In His Steps", a book describing the life of a man 
that resolved to order his life and decisions by the 
question, "What would Jesus do?" This would be a good 
resolve for us all. It involves the use of conscience 
and memory of the Word and direction of the Spirit to 
know God's will in every situation. The underlying 
thought is that many times we know what Jesus would do 
but we fail to carry it out. 

To do the will of God indicates a relationship to 
Him. Jesus said "For whosoever shall do the will of 
God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother." 
(Mark 3:35) Blood relationships are unimportant in 
the light of this highest privilege of being joined to 
God. We can actually be born again into His family, 
through Jesus Christ. Then we take on the inherited 
characteristics of God's children and he dwells in our 
hearts . 

In the Word we find that it is God's will that all 
men be saved. ". . * Who will have all men to be saved, 
and to come unto the knowledge of the truth." (I Tim- 
othy 2:4-) "The Lord is not slack concerning his prom- 
ise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering 
to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but 
that all should come to repentance." (11 Peter 3:9) 
Men have taught and believed that God wills to save 
some and damn others, but this is contrary to His Word 
and an insult to His goodness and love. He wants all 
and has invited all to come to Him through Jesus Christ. 

God wills the sanctification or holiness of His 
people. "For this is the will of God, even your sanc- 
tification, that ye should abstain from fornication:" 
(I Thessalonians 4:3) We live in an age of permissive- 
ness and "situational ethics". Men say that sin is 
wrong only on certain conditions and situations (for 
instance—if it harms someone else). This wicked idea 


from Satan even finds its way into the thinking of 
Christians, We presume that the grace and mercy of 
God will cover our failings, and this is true. But 
let this never be an excuse for sin and unrighteous 
living. God T s will is that His people are sanctified 
and separated from sin and worldly living. There is 
no such thing as having too much holiness. It is not 
true that Christians have to sin. "And be not con- 
formed to this world: but be ye transformed by the re- 
newing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that 
good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God . w 
(Romans 12:2) 

It is God ! s will that we obey the laws of the gov- 
ernment. " Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man 
for the Lord's sake . . . For so is the will of God, 
that with well doing ye may put to silence the igno- 
rance of foolish men." (I Peter 2:13-15) To always 
complain about laws, taxes, regulations and government 
in general is not showing a spirit of submission and 
surely is not pleasing to God. 

It is God's will that we be thankful. "In every- 
thing give thanks: for this is the will of God in 
Christ Jesus concerning you." (I Thessalonians 5:18) 
Unthankfulness is a characteristic of the ungodly men 
in the last times. See II Timothy 3:1 —5 • "For men 
shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, 
proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, 
unholy ..." 

We are to consider God ! s will in all that we do. 
ftjany times ve forget and tell what we are going to do 
ih the future, ten lay great plans and tell what they 
will do in years to come. James says (4:15), "For 
that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, 
and do this, or that." "In all thy ways acknowledge 
him, and he shall direct thy paths." (Proverbs 3:6) 

God's will in the future is also revealed to us. 
Jesus prayed "Father, I will that they also, whom thou 
hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may 
behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou 
lovedst me before the foundation of the world." (John 


17-: 24) He wants us to be with Him in glory. The world 
laughs at such a thought, but to the Christian it is a 
loving revelation of God's will for the future. It is 
God's will that we someday be delivered! "Who gave 
himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from 
this present evil world, according to the will of God 
and our Father: To whom be glory for ever and ever. 
Amen." (I Thessalonians 4:3) His will is further re- 
vealed in Ephesians 1:9,10: "Having made known unto 
us the mystery of his will, according to his good 
pleasure which he hath purposed in himself; That in 
the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gath- 
er together in one all things in Christ, both which are 
in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him." 

It is dangerous to know the will of God and not do 
it. Jesus said "And that servant, which knew his 
lord ! s will, and prepared not himself, neither did ac- 
cording to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes. 
For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much 
required; and to whom men have committed much, of him 
tney will ask the more." (Luke 12:48) 

Sometimes we just fee l that a course is the right 
one. Or we might even claim that God led me to do this 
or that. If in either case it can be proven by God's 
Word, we can be sure it is right. If, however, it is 
contrary to God's Word we must deny our feelings and 
realize it is not God's leading. God's Word is the 
test as our £g£lings are not always reliable. 

We are to have the mind of Christ. Have we a mind 
to say like Jesus said ". . . nevertheless not as I 
will, but as thou wilt."? (katthew 26:39) I'm sure we 
say this and pray this many times — perhaps without re- 
alizing (as Jesus realized) what it means. If we mean 
it, our lives will take on new value. Cur first con- 
sideration will be: What is God's will? What would 
Jesus do? is a valid question and a good guide. What 
does His Word say? should be our constant inquiry. "If 
any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, 
whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself." 
(John 7:17) let us, by the help of God, try it. 

— L.C. 



We were taught in our home never to speak lightly 
of sacrect things. The seriousness of baptism was im- 
pressed on us early in life. Baptisms were high spots 
in church life; a time for uniting of hearts and re- 
affirmation of faith. All who could, went, of course. 
Usually it took place in some pasture in a stream or 
lake. This time, the Lord, being merciful, had shown 
our brother, Joseph (the oldest of seven children) his 
need of a Saviour and this was the day of his baptism. 

He had wept as he confessed his need in the "family 
worship 1 ' circle. As I (his junior by eight years) had 
always idolized him as my "big' brother", I could not 
understand why he thought tjhat he was so bad. I had 
always thought otherwise. 

A small boy's aamiration of big brother always 
watched and was ready for encouragement. VJhen he was 
chosen to stack straw at the end of the old time 
thresher, the small boy was no doubt the more proud of 
the two. When the straw carrier broke and big brother 
called them to stop, and one ox the men said "Bless the 
boy," it seemed wonderful to have such an important 

Then there were cold nights when we laid, "spoon- 
fashion" in bed to keep warm. Here I was drilled in 
the alphabet and later in the multiplication tables. 
Our papa liked to see us together and planned accord- 
ingly. Big brother cut the wood, I carried It in; he 
led the animals to water while I pumped; I drove for 
him while he cultivated. He was always a ready doctor 
for all my small ills. 

Sitting in the family circle while he wept, we chil- 
dren all felt "shook up" inside. l f m sure we all felt 
the same. If he had sinned, how about us? However, 
we were all praying children (we prayed at bedtime, 
kneeling at our beds, each taking turns according to 
age, repeating the time-honored prayer of childhood, 
"Now I lay me down to sleep . . ."), and did not ques- 
tion matters we felt were the concern of our parents. 
A sweet sacredness settled upon our home. 


Our church group was admittedly strict. We knew 
something of the past struggles to get away from infant 
baptism. The brethren would ask the applicant for bap- 
tism, "Is this your choice?" The church rules were 
given and accepted. Individual and group responsibil- 
ities were taken on as a matter of course. 

We children instinctively grew in his experience. 
We knew his sincerity. He was starting his manhood in 
open acceptance of the Christian faith, with the Bible 
as the inspired Word of God; knowing too he was setting 
an example for the rest of us. 

There is nothing quite like Christian baptism out- 
doors in a flowing stream. We who have had this ex- 
perience should be truly thankful. Of course all who 
have taken this step of faith in following their Lord 
should treasure those precious moments associated with 
their first love and obedience to Christ. 

Someone had to go ahead to open and close the gate, 
where we left the road to follow some old half -forgotten 
trail through the bushes. Clouds of mosquitos awaited 
in the shadows, and one tried to tie his horse in the 
sunlight. Turtles and frogs blissfully sunning on the 
river bank and fallen logs promptly dived into the 
depths below. Noisy birds quieted to watch from some 
aerial perch. Grazing cows kept a respectful distance, 
the bells on their necks telling their whereabouts; a 
distant dog's bark showed he knew something unusual was 
happening. Small boys looked for flat stones to skip 
on the water, but were quickly restrained. 

There was singing, perhaps the old favorite; 
n In all my Lord's appointed ways 

My j ourney I ' 11 pursue . 
hinder me not, ye much loved saints; 
For I must go with you. " 
Portions of Matthew 1S were read and commented upon and 
then all knelt in prayer "down by the riverside". The 
baptize r first waded in to find a suitable place, push- 
ing in a stick to mark the place. The applicant was 
then immersed according to Bible formula. 

There were tears of joy and fond embraces on the 
shore of the river. Time seemed to stand still as 


eternity's values were "written with an iron pen and 
lead in the rock forever." The die was cast and there 
was no turning back, Happy hearts rejoiced with the 
angels in heaven. 

There is joy among the angels , 

And their harps with gladness ring 
When a sinner comes, repenting, 
Bending low before the King. 
Tiny, water skaters, their thread-like knees akimbo, 
came back to glide over the sacred spot. Wild things 
resumed their daily activities. Scon the last buggy 
left and there was nothing to show we had been there 
but our tracks on the shore. 

In much appreciation, 
James D. Cover 
Mcdesto, California 
From "Michigan Memories 11 



"And he spake this parable unto certain which 
trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and 
despised others: Two men went up into the temple to 
pray; the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican. 
The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, 
I tiicuak thee, that I a*u not as other men are, extor- 
tioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. 
I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I 
possess. And the publican, standing afar off, would 
not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote 
upon his breast, saying, God bu merciful to me a sinnes 

"I tell you, this man went down to his house justi- 
fied rather than the other: for every one that exalteth 
himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself 
shall be exalted." (Luke 18:V~H) 

When we examine the parables that Jesus spoke to the 
people around Him, one of the impressive things that we 


see Is that there is so much virtue and depth of mean- 
ing in them. Even a short one like this of only 5 
verses is not very readily exhausted. If we believe 
in Jesus 1 words, or in fact the whole Bible, then we 
believe it should have a controlling influence on our 
actions and conversation. 

This parable was spoken to certain which trusted in 
themselves that they were righteous and despised others. 
This Is a habit that did not die out with the passing 
of Bible times but it still crops up in our lives today. 
One significant mistake of the people In verse 9 is 
that of despising others. How bright would our light 
shine if we as a people would not ever make this same 

r, Who art thou that judge st another man T s servant? 
To his own master he standeth or falleth." (Romans 14*4) 
My grandmother used to say if someone comes to your 
place and has lots of tales about others,, you can be 
sure they will take lots of tales away with them again 
from your place . 

If we, as the Pharisee in verse 11, are not extor- 
tioners, or unjust, or adulterers, then it would pos- 
sibly be well to humbly thank God for this. But our 
righteousness is as filthy rags before Him, so it does 
not seem necessary for our virtues to be told to God or 
to those about us. 

Possibly the most valuable part of this parable to 
us is the last part. "For every one that exalte th him- 
self shall be abased,* and he that humble th himself 
shall be exalted, n 

— Paul Baker 
Maple, Ontario 

The Salida Congregation have agreed, the Lord wil- 
ling, to hold our spring Love Feast on April 3rd and 
4th of this year. A hearty invitation and welcome is 
extended to members and friends to attend. 

— Daniel F, Wolf 



I note with concern that one Iowa and two Kansas 
districts of the American Legion have passed some very 
interesting resolutions with regard to what they think 
should be done to the pacifist or conscientious objec- 
tor. These resolutions have been sent to Congress and 
have been read into the Congressional Record. 

This attitude on the part of certain groups raises 
the question as to whether, since the majority rules, 
the minority is always wrong and should conform to the 
majority. The attitude of these three groups at least 
seems to make this their major premise for achieving 
democracy and justice. If we accept this view-point, 
then many serious consequences may well arise. Let 
us suggest a few of its implications. 

First, all of us belong to some minority group. The 
groups passing these resolutions are minority groups. 
Any local political, church or fraternal group is a 
minority group. The white race is a minority group. 

Secondly, according to this premise, right and wrong 
fluctuate with the size of the immediate crowd. If I 
happen to be in a meeting where I am of the minority, 
I am wrong simply because I am outnumbered. If, how- 
ever, I can collect enough of my like-thinking friends 
to have a majority, then I immediately become right. 

Is it not clear that any society organized on such 
a basis is the victim of selfishness and bigotry? Yet 
how important certain groups feel themselves to be 
(sometimes even church groups) because they are in the 
majority at the time. The majority may mile, but right 
and truth are not necessarily on their side just be- 
cause they have the greatest number of persons. 

Brethren, we ought to seek truth and pursue it even 
in the face of the majority. Let us always be insis- 
tent on it. Who is our standard for measuring conduct 
and action — the majority or Jesus Christ? If we choose 
Christ, we will find ourselves in the minority again 
and again. Such actions as those previously mentioned 
are an indication of the way groups ar& being segregated 


and labels or stigma attached to certain unpopular ways 
of living. This is not new; the martyrs knew it too 
well. The blood of the martyrs still remains the seed 
of the church. 

By James H. ELrod 
Selected by Kenneth Martin 


By grace I will forget the things which are behind 
and press forward to new heights. 

Like David, "Lift up my eyes from which cometh my 

Like Abraham , trust implicitly in His guidance. 

Like Enoch, walk in daily fellowship with my Heaven- 
ly Father. 

Like Moses, choose to suffer afflictions, rather 
than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season. 

Like Daniel, to commune in prayer regularly. 

Like Job, to be patient under all circumstances. 

Like Caleb and Joshua, refuse to be discouraged. 

Like Andrew, strive to lead my brother into a closer 
walk with Christ. 

Like John, lean upon the bosom of the Master and 
partake of His Spirit. 

Like Timothy, study the word of God. 

Like Stephen, manifest a forgiving attitude toward 
these who seek my hurt. 

Like my Lord Himself, overcome all earthly allure- 

Realizing I cannot hope to achieve these qualities 
myself, I shall cling to the promise: 

"I can do all things through Christ which strengthen- 
eth me. u (Philippians 4:13) 

Selected by Ella Garber 


CRAWMER - A son, Russel Wayne, born January 17 to Wayne 
and Linda Crawmer of Modesto, California. 



Perhaps today I'll hear the call, 

And looking up I'll see 

The Lord of Glory coming down 

With welcome arms for me. 

And in an instant all will change; 

The world will loose its clutch; 

I 1 11 toss them by without a sigh, 

These things that meant so much. 

The work I planned with careful skill, 
The things I meant to do, 
The places I just had to go 
Will dim and slip from view. 
The house that gave me shelter here, 
The flowers I trimmed with care, 
Will fade from miad, be left behind 
For better, Over There I 

Then all my sorrow here on earth, 
And cares that weighed me down; 
I'll fling them all aside some day 
And change them for a crown. 
There all the rugged roads I've walked, 
The miles I've had to roam, 
Without a thought will be forgot 
When Jesus calls me home. 

And all that I can take along 

Is what's gone on before; 

The treasures that I've laid away 

In Heaven's golden store. 

So 1*11 go on with joy and song 

And praise the Lord each day, 

That I can share the harvest there 

I'm planting here today. 

But of that day and hour knoweth no man^ no, not the 
angels of heaven, but my Father only. (Matthew 24:36) 

Vera Miller 
Tuolumne, California 




"And as he journeyed, he came near Damascus: and 
suddenly there shined round about him a light from 
heaven. And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice 
saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?" 
(Acts 9:3-4) 

This is perhaps the most familiar reference to the 
city of Damascus in all the Bible. Paul himself re- 
lated the story of his conversion on the Damascus road 
twice in the book of Acts besides this account. And 
what a conversion it was! He changed from a zealous, 
well-known persecutor of the young church (whose busi- 
ness in Damascus was to seek out more followers of 
Jesus for trial) to an equally zealous preacher of the 
gospel of truth who literally turned the world upside 
down with his preaching. 

Damascus, the capital of Syria, is a very ancient 
city, possibly one of the oldest in the world. Al- 
though its origin is not definitely known, the histo- 
rian Josephus says it was founded by Us, son of Aram 
and grandson of Shem. This would place its beginnings 
only a short time after the flood. It was a well-known 
place by the time of Abraham; his steward, Eliezer, was 
from Damascus. It was also mentioned in the account 
of the battle of four kings against five i^hen Lot was 
taken prisoner and Abraham fought and rescued him. 

Damascus of Bible times was apparently a beautiful 
place , due to the proximity of the rivers Abana and 
Pharpar. These rivers changed the area from hot, dry 
desert to well-irrigated farmland; they were mentioned 
by Naaman the Syrian when he went to the prophet Eli s ha 
to be healed of leprosy. 

Damascus figured prominently in the history of 
Israel and Judah. Both kingdoms warred intermittently 
with Damascus and were often oppressed. The best known 
rulers of Old Testament times were Rezon, Ben-hadad, 
Hazael and his son Een-hadad. 


Regon ruled Syria at Damascus during the time of 
Solomon and "was an adversary to Israel all the days of 
Solomon . . ." (I Kings 12:25) Ben-hadad, who ruled 
later, was apparently an ally of Baasha, king of Israel, 
for a time. However, Asa, king of Judah, persuaded 
Ben-hadad to break his alliance with Baasha; this re- 
sulted in war between Syria and Israel* 

Another prominent ruler was Hazael, who was anointed 
by Elijah at the command of the Lord to be king of 
Syria. Hazael was a continual enemy of Israel and op- 
pressed it mightily, as foretold by Elisha, who wept at 
the knowledge given to him; ». . . I know the evil 
that thou wilt do unto the children of Israel . . . » 
(II Kings 8:12) Hazael's son, Ben-hadad, also warred 
against Israel, although he was not always as victori- 
ous as his father. These judgments against Israel were 
a punishment from God for their wickedness and idolatry. 

Isaiah prophesied the overthrow of Damascus along 
with Israel by the armies of Assyria. (Isaiah 17) This 
was accomplished in 734 B.C.— Israel and Syria together 
attacked Judah, which asked Assyria for help. Assyrian 
forces under Tiglath-pileser responded by attacking and 
conquering both Israel and Syria in what is called the 
Galilee captivity. As in Israel, the people of 
Damascus were carried away to captivity, and Assyrian 
colonies were placed in Syria. 

Damascus was dominated by Assyria for several cen- 
turies. In 64 B.C. Pompey of Rome captured the city. 
From that time, except for an interlude of Arabian 
rule, Damascus was a Roman province until 635 A.D* when 
it was captured by the A^ioslem Arabs, boon after this 
it was made the capital city of the Mohammedans. 

History relates that Damascus, following the con- 
quest by the Moslem Arabs, has been under the rule of 
the ]$gyptians, the Turks, the Mongols, and the French 
until Syrian independence was finally declared in 1941* 
Damascus was retained as the capital city. 

One of the most remarkable facts is that as 
Christianity was being Introduced in the first few 
centuries after Christ, it spread rapidly in this area 


and appeared to be well established. Then came the 
Mohammedans with their propagation of religion by the 
sword, and they were, as is well known, totally intol- 
erant of Christianity. The result is that in this area 
Christianity has been nearly obliterated and replaced 
by the religion of Mohammed. 

Information from the Bible, Hal ley's Bible Handbook , 
and Encyclopaedia Brittanica . 

— Dorothy Moore 

Modesto, California 


10,000 people starve to death every day. Americans 
spent $50 million in reducing pills last year. 

13 times as many African as American infants die 
before five. Americans spend over $4 billion on toys 
each year. 

In U.S. there is one doctor for 650 people; in 
Ethiopia one for every 71,790. 

— M.C.C. Fact Sheet on Hunger 

Alcohol and other drug consumption continues on the 
rise. Yet,, young people are asserting belief- in God in 
increasing numbers. There are signs that secularization 
continues, but there are also those sophisticated Chris- 
tian thinkers who are beginning to trumpet the bank- 
ruptcy of scientism and secularism. 

— Gospel Herald 

Once again a year has passed, and many have renewed 
the Pilgrim subscriptions already. We.' no longer send 
out expiration notices, but the date of; expiration 
appears beside the subscriber's name on the Pilgrim 
envelope. Occasionally we send out sample subscriptions, 
not to place anyone under obligation to renew, but to 
spread God's Word by this means. Please forgive our 
mistakes and bring them to our attention so that cor- 
rection can be made. Our thanks go to those who have 
contributed material or financial help, and especially 
to Dorothy Moore for her help in typing stencils. -L.C. 


The Man of Ethiopia (Acts 8:26-40) 

When Philip 1 s work was finished at Samaria, the 
angel of the Lord told him, " Arise, and go toward the 
south unto the way that goeth down from Jerusalem unto 
Gaza, which Is desert." Philip obeyed the Lord and 
went there. He met an important man there — an Ethio- 
pian, a dark man. He had authority as treasurer for 
the queen of Ethiopia. He must have been a Jewish 
convert because he was returning from Jerusalem where 
he had been to worship. He was reading Isaiah 53 as 
he rode in his chariot. The Spirit directed Philip 
to go to help that man. He asked the dark man if he 
understood what he was reading, and the man answered, 
!l How can I, except some man should guide me?" He 
asked Philip to sit with him in the chariot, and 
Philip began to teach him about Jesus and what the 
scriptures meant. The Ethiopian wanted to be baptised 
and Philip told him the requirement: "If thou believ- 
est with all thine heart, thou mayest." The man an- 
swered, "I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of 

Philip did baptise that believing man. The word 
says, "...and they went down both into the water, both 
Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him." And then 
a wonderful thing happened: "And when they were come 
up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord caught 
away Philip, and the eunuch saw him no more: and he 
went on his way rejoicing." 

1. The Ethiopian was reading the words of the 
prophet . (Acts 8:28) 

2. Do you think Philip answered the Ethiopian's ques- 
tion when he asked "Of whom speaketh the prophet this?" 

(See verses 34 and 35*) 

3^. But Philip was found at . : and passing 

through he in all the cities, till he 

came- to Ceasarea. (Acts 8:40) — L*C. 


VOL. 23 FEBRUARY, 1976 NO. 2 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Here am 1, Lord, take me wholly. 
And my heart a temple make. 
For Thy purpose use me solely; 
All my time and talents take. 
Empty me of pride and self, Lord, 
With Thy Holy Spirit fill; 
Let Thy grace on me be outpoured 
That I may discern Thy will. 

Teach me, Lord, to know my duty. 

What wouldst thou have me perform? 

Speak to me; show me the beauty 

To be found when I conform 

To Thy likeness, to Thy teaching, 

That my inner life may be 

Pure and simple, so it's reaching 

To the outward, which men see. 

Of Thy love I ! m undeserving; 

It is boundless, rich and free. 

I would therefore Thee -be serving; 

Sacrifice my life to Thee. 

May my life bring praise and glory 

To Thy Name; oh let me be 

Used to share the wondrous story 

Of salvation rich and free. 

— Miriam Sauder 

Lancaster, Pennsylvania 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rote: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


After many years since being accepted in the family 
of the children of God, the household of faith, what 
has been our experience in this most important work? 
Have we been practicing our profession? Are we con- 
scious of having accomplished anything or made any 
growth? Are we any more skillful or more able now to 
deal with a temptation, or to improve an opportunity 
than ;^hen we first began? Are we sufficiently experi- 
enced in the various problems and endeavors that arise 
in tha Christian service that we could consistently 
offer help to the young or those newly come to the 

If we were seeking employment in the secular af- 
fairs of this world, either in the skilled trades or 
the professions, it would 'only be expected, in order 
to qualify, that we would need to have had experience 
in the line of service we were seeking. If this is so 
needful in the business of this world, is it any less 
needful in the business. of our lord Jesus Christ to 
effectively represent Him and hit way of life to oth- 
ers with whom we come in contact daily, or occasion- 
ally, who may be partially or totally ignorant of Him 
and His claim on us? If they should ask us if we are 
experienced Christians, would we have anything worth- 
while to tell them? 

Webster's dictionary defines experience as: (1) 
the actual livihg through the event or events; (2) 
participation in anything through sensation or feeling; 
(3) the real life as contrasted with the ideal or im- 

The apostle James is speaking of Christian experi- 
ence when he says: "But be ye doers of the word, and 
not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. For if 
any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like 


unto a man beholding his natural face In a glass: For 
he beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, and straight- 
way forgetteth what manner of man he was. But whoso 
looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and contin- 
ueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a 
doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his 
deed," (James 1:22-25) 

Again he says in verse 12, "Blessed is the man that 
endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall 
receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath prom- 
ised to them that love him." Each time we overcome a 
temptation or any obstacle in the way of Christian 
growth, we are more experienced than we were before 
and are better equipped to meet another and perhaps 
greater trial. 

When we have actually lived and practiced the 
Christian life, then we know by experience that it is 
better than the vanities and evils which the world has 
to offer* In Jesus 1 sermon on the mount (Matthew 5: 
44,45) He says: "But I say unto you, Love your ene- 
mies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that 
hate you, and pray for them which despitef ully use 
you, and persecute you; That ye may be the children 
of your Father which is in heaven . . . " .Anyone who 
has ever done this will have learned by experience 
more about the nature and love of God than could ever 
be learned by hearing it only. 

The first ministers of the Gospel who accompanied 
Jesus during his ministry here on earth had experi- 
ences which totally changed tLeir outlook and way. of 
life. They were both witnesses and participants with 
Him, and there, was nothing illusiqjiary about it. The 
apostle Feter says, "For we have not followed cunning- 
ly devised fables, when we made known unto you the 
power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were 
eyewitnesses of his majesty. For he received from God 
the Father honour and glory, when there came such a 
voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my be- 
loved Son, in whom I am we'll pleased. And this voice 
which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him 
in the holy mount. " They were not only witnesses to 


such events as this, but they actually received the 
infilling and power of the Holy Ghost that came upon 
them at Pentecost, and they went forth in His power 
and preached the Gospel under many hazards, even to 
their lives, and performed the same kind of works and 
miracles which Jesus did. 

The apostle Paul's life was rich with experience — 
much of it of a spectacular nature. In II Corinthians 
11 he gives an amazing summary of things which he ex- 
perienced for the sake of Christ and the Gospel: he 
says, ". . .in labours more abundant, in stripes 
above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths 
oft. Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes 
save one. Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I 
stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a 
day I have been in the deep; In journeyings often, in 
perils of water, in perils of robbers, in perils by 
mine own countrymen, in perils by the heathen, in 
perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in 
perils in the sea, in perils among false brethren; 
In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in 
hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and na- 
kedness. Beside these things that are without, that 
which- cometh upon me daily, the care of all the 
churches. n 

This is more experience than any of us is asking 
for or expects to have. Perhaps it was needful for 
Paul, to fit and fortify him for the gigantic task 
that was his to do. We are not commissioned to do 
all that Paul did and will therefore probably not have 
all the experience that he had. But there are some 
less spectacular experiences which Paul relates, of 
himself which would be to our profit to learn; he 
said, "I have learned in whatsoever state I am there- 
with to be content." And he also said, "But I keep 
under my body, and bring it into subjection; lest 
that by any means when I n^ve preached to others, I 
myself should be a castaway." 

If I were to relate my personal experience, J prob- 
ably would do like so many others have done: tell 


mostly of the mountain top experiences, and not of the 
common things which are also most needful to all. 
There have also been many lonely desert and wilderness 
experiences which we are reluctant to tell. And some- 
times, Instead of being victorious, we have yielded 
to temptation-. 

For real Christian experience which everyone can 
participate In, and a most worthy goal,, we can go to 
Paul's epistle to the Corinthians, chapter 13, where 
he tells of "the more excellent way", which is charity: 
"Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth 
not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, 
Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, 
is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; Rejoiceth 
not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; Beareth 
all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, 
endureth all things." 

If we are truly experienced Christians, this will 
be our rule and way of life and can be practiced every 
day wherever we are. It could well answer to what 
Jesus said in his sermon on the mount (Matthew 5), 
"Let your light so shine before men, that they may see 
your good works, and glorify your Father wnichis in 
heaven. " 

The apostle Feter has summed it up in a progress 
and growth where he says, "And beside this, giving all 
diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue 
knowledge; And to knowledge temperance; and to tem- 
perance patience; and to patience godliness; And to 
godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kind- 
ness charity. For if these things be in you, and 
abound, they make you that ye shall neither be -barren 
nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus 

— Daniel F. "Wolf 

ERNST -Esther Susanna, born August 27, 1972 and 
arrived in the Nappanee, Indiana home of Albert and 
Carol Ernst on December 6, 1975. 

COMMUNION MEETING: Salida, California, April 3 & 4 



Most of us are acquainted with a familiar scene; 
a line-up of cars on the highway; the presence of 
state policemen; the sound of sirens.; sober faces; the 
approach of ambulances; and the impatience of motor- 
ists, as they wait until the wreckage and mess can be 
cleaned off the road (and the dead and injured can be 
carried away). Every fourteen minutes, someone some- 
where in our country goes out into eternity because 
of an automobile accident. These are just hard cold 
statistics, but in back of each one of these tragedies 
is sorrow and suffering and bereavement and broken 
.homes and broken lives. We want to look at the real 
problem, the Biblical solution, and some practical 

All studies indicate that the problem of highway 
safety divides into three principal parts: the driver, 
the highway, and the automobile. The safety programs 
that are instituted by the government are aimed pri- 
marily at cars, roads, and tires. And yet all safety 
experts agree that it is really the driver who is re- 
sponsible for most of the accidents. Science and en- 
gineering can never solve the slaughter on the high- 
way. Safety glass, padded dashboards, and seat belts 
will never conquer the problem, highway safety is 
really a spiritual problem. 

Highway officials say that the basic causes behind 
most traffic accidents are greed and selfishness and 
disregard for the rights of others. And so you see, 
most traffic accidents are really caused by an atti- 
tude of the heart. And it is the spirit of the devil 
(not of Christ) that makes a driver greedy, and self- 
ish, and thoughtless of others. 

It would seem then that Christians should be among 
the nation's safest drivers. They stand for total 
abstinence from alcohol; they have a sense of moral 
responsibility; they have genuine concern for other 
people. All this should point to extreme carefulness 


in driving on the highway. But let's look at the real 
facts: A recent survey indicates that in every re- 
spect except one,- the driving habits of evangelical 
Bible-believing Christians are about the same as the 
driving habits of non-Christians, The only exception 
is that Christians do not drive while under the in- 
fluence of alcohol. People who have a respect for 
God's Word, and believe in the necessity of the new 
birth, and look for the second coming of Jesus — these 
people have just about the same driving habits as non- 
Christians, except that they don't drive under the in- 
fluence of alcohol. They have just as many rear-end 
collisions (caused by following too closely); they 
have just as many accidents caused by excessive speed 
(they drive toe fast); they have just as many acci- 
dents caused by failure to yield the right-of-way 
(they're inconsiderate of others). 

We could go on, but we certainly see the problem. 
The driving habits of professing Christian people are 
much like those of the world about us. 

We who profess Christianity have an obligation to 
drive carefully and. safely on the highways. Our 
Christianity is not only to be confined to the church 
and the home. We need to take it with us behind the 
steering wheel of the car. Most people don't* seem to 
associate careful driving with spiritual living, but 
there is a definite connection. We want to look at 
three portions of Scripture that relate to the kind of 
driving we do. 

(1) Respect for life — the Bible says, "These six 
things doth the Lord hate, yea seven are an abomination 
unto him . . . hands that shed innocent blood." 
(Proverbs 6:16) Remember that the command "Thou shalt 
not ^ kill" is just as full of meaning on the highway as 
it is for the man who commits murder. 

(2) Respect for law—the Bible says, "Submit your- 
selves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake 
whether it be to the king as supreme or unto gover- ' 
nors." (I Peter 2:13) Peter had just pointed out that 
we are pilgrims and strangers in this world, but very 
quickly he adds this instruction to submit to 


governments, to remind us that while we are really 
citizens of heaven, this doesn't mean that we have 
license to disobey governments here on earth. When 
the law says "Slow down at unmarked intersections", 
it means just that. When the sign says, "Stop", it 
means we should stop. When the law says, "Speed limit 
35", it means we ought to gladly obey. According to 
Romans 13, Christians are responsible to 'obey not only 
traffic laws, but to obey every law of the country in 
which they live (as long as it doesn't conflict with 
a clear law of God). Christian people should be the 
most law-abiding citizens our communities have. 

(3) Respect for others — "Let us not love in word, 
neither in tongue, but (let us love) in deed and in 
truth." (I John 3; 18) The Bible admonishes that we 
should be charitable in our consideration of ethers. 
And a wonderful place to practice this admonition is 
on the highway. To "love in deed and in truth" when 
we drive on the highway means just plain thoughtful- 
ness; it means not crowding the other person 1 s car off 
the highway; it means slowing down in heavy traffic 
to let someone enter the flow of traffic from a side 
street; it means refusing to endanger the lives of 
others by driving insanely like a demon. 

The following are good habits to keep in mind when 
driving on the highway* (1) Always plan to leave five 
or ten minutes earlier than necessary. (2) Always 
give way graciously to the other driver. (3) Always 
avoid carelessness: and taking chances. (4) Never try 
to show off. 

I think one of the most moving letters I've ever 
read was the one published in the Los Angeles News a 
few years age. A mother was writing to a motorist who 
had been responsible for the death of her three little 
children on the first day of school several years be- 
fore. "I f m not writing this letter (she says) to re- 
mind you all over again, but I'm writing it to all 
motorists (because school is beginning again). I want 
to help prevent the tragedy that occurred that morn- 
ing." She says, "That morning, several years ago, 
three sun-tanned little faces smiled as they waved me 


a happy good-bye, and went on their way to school. I 
wanted to call them back and tell them how much I loved 
them and how lonesome I would be without them. Mr. 
Motorist, I wanted to kiss them once more . . . and 
then I saw you take the corner. I heard your tires 
screaming; I saw your car was out of control; I saw it 
hit the children. What was your hurry? Were. you late 
for work? Were you angry at someone that morning? 
Surely you weren't angry at my three. I'm sure you 
wouldn't run your screaming tires over their happy 
faces intentionally. But Fir. Motorist — children are 
very forgiving in life, and I'm sure they are forgiving 
in death. If they could, they would pat your hand, and 
feel sad that because of this one tragic moment, you 
have to live over and over again how that your love for 
speed has taken three innocent little lives." 

The mother continues, "I don't hate you; I feel 
sorry for you. 1 can still see those smiling little 
faces as they waved me good-bye. 11 

There was a f.S» at the bottom of the letter. It 
said, "Another year has come and your flowers have ar- 
rived once again. They are very beautiful; thank you." 

When the newspaper received the letter, the editor 
sent a reporter to investigate. He found that the let- 
ter had been sent in by a friend of the mother of "those 
children, and that the pother is still waving good-bye 
to the smiling faces of her sweet little children. ' The 
shock and sorrow and tragedy was too much for the moth- 
er 1 s mind to take. Today she's a patient in a mental 
hospital, waving good-bye to her children, hopelessly 
insane . 

I don't suppose any who read this article have ever 
caused a tragedy like this, but if you disobey the laws 
of the land, God may verywell permit something like 
this to happen to you, and you'll have regrets all your 
life. I am sure some of you are very excellent driv- 
ers, but if you have room for improvement (with re- 
spect to the principles mentioned in this message), 
then take seriously what has been said. 

Adapted from an article by Harold S. Martin in 
Bible Helps Selected by Herman Royer 



Matthew 18:23-35 

In the eighteenth chapter of Matthew, Jesus has 
given several examples of what we should be, and of 
what our relations should be to each other as follow- 
ers of Him. "Except ye be converted, and become as 
little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom 
of heaven." "Moreover if thy brother shall trespass 
against thee, ..." and He gives the perfect outline 
of the course to take. 

So Peter asks Him how often he should forgive a 
brother who should trespass against him, thinking that 
seven times would surely be enough. And we know what 
the Lura said. Long before we would get to the "sev- 
enty times seven" we would surely have lost count. 

Then Jesus tells the parable of the unforgiving ser- 
vant, who, though he was forgiven so much, would not 
forgive even a trifling amount. 

As nearly as we can determine, the ten thousand 
talents equals well over eleven million dollars, while 
the hundred pence equals about seventeen dollars. 
What a difference! And yet, how so like our carnal 
natures. No matter how much has been done for us, or 
how much we may have been forgiven in some trespass 
against another, if someone does us wrong, the carnal 
nature in us is to hold this as a grudge against that 
one, especially if we have been wronged a number of 

But now, let us try to realise, even though it is 
beyond our comprehension, what a terrible debt our 
heavenly Father has forgiven us by sending His only 
begotten Son to make the awful sacrifice and pay for 
our sins. Then, can we not see, at least to some ex- 
tent, how trifling and insignificant are our little 
differences between ourselves? Are they not, then, 
similar in comparison to the example given in this 


parable? Oh, how important, then, for the peace and 
welfare of Christ's Church, that we always have this 
spirit of forgiveness toward each other. 

And thank God for the gift of His Holy Spirit to 
guide us so that we can overcome this carnal nature 
and have such love toward each other that this spirit 
of forgiveness can be a real part of our Christian 
lives, and that the warning at the end of this parable 
need not apply to us. And what a warning! Let us 
ponder it well; "So likewise shall my heavenly father 
do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not 
every one his brother their trespasses." 

— Daniel S. Wagner 
Bradford, Ohio 


JOSEPH EDWARD PRICE, youngest child of Solomon and 
Mary (Waff it) Price was born on October 10, 1914 in 
Salida, California where he started to school. In 
February, 1921 he moved with his parents to Merced, 
California where he grew to young manhood. Gaining 
employment with the DelMonte Corporation, he moved to 
Rio Vista where he met Nellie Geometti to whom he was 
married on March 6, 1937. 

He made his home in the Stockton and Rio Vista area 
until his death, at which time he was ranch superinten- 
dant with the DelMonte Corporation. 

Those who feel his passing most keenly are his 
loving and devoted wife Nellie; one daughter, Celesta 
Anita Brown, and one grand-daughter, Debra Aldridge 
of Bethel Island; one brother, Arvine J. Price of 
Fresno; three sisters, Celesta 0. Price, Orpha E. 
Wagner, and Martha Esther Gish> all of Modesto, Calif- 
ornia. His age was 61 years, 3 months and 4 days. He 
was preceded in death by an infant sister, his parents 
and his oldest sister, Mary M. Price. He was laid to 
rest January 19, 1976 in St. Joseph 1 s Cemetery, Rio 
Vista, California. His memory will linger long with 

His Sister, Crpha E. Wagner 



" Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth 
in order a declaration of those things which are .most 
surely believed among us, Even as they delivered them 
unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses, 
and ministers of the word; It seemed good to me also, 
having had perfect understanding of all things from 
the very first, to write unto thee in order, most ex- 
cellent Theophilus, That thou mightest know the cer- 
tainty of those things, wherein thou hast been instruc- 
ted." (Luke 1:1-4) 

"For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, 
when we made known unto you the power and coming of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majes- 
ty. For he received from God the Father honour and 
glory, when there came such a voice to him from the 
excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am 
well pleased. And this voice which came from heaven 
we heard, when we were with him in the holy mount. " 
(II Peter 1:16-18) 

These statements from two leaders in the early 
Church should help to fix in our minds the certainty 
of the Scriptures if we will accept testimony from 
eye witnesses* Many wall not accept such testimony 
and pride themselves in claiming that they must be 
shewn proof . For those who hesitate, God has special 
instructions. He says we can try His ways, accept His 
promises, and then see that God. is true. "Oh taste 
and see that the Lord is good: blessed is the man that 
trusteth in him. u (Psalm 34:8) "If any man will do 
his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it 
be of God, or whether I speak of myself." (John 7:17) 
Thomas doubted that Jesus had risen from the dead un- 
til Jesus actually showed him the wounds He had re- 
ceived on the cross. He told him, "Thomas, because 
thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they 
that have not seen, and yet have believed." (John 20: 
29) We haye. this privilege today to "be not faithless, 
but believing." — L.C. 



Samaria was the capital city of the Northern Kingdom 
of Israel. As is commonly known, the kingdom of Israel 
under Eavid and Solomon was divided during the reign 
of Solomon's son, Rehoboam. The Southern Kingdom of 
Judah remained under the rule of the house of David, 
and the ten northern tribes revolted and crowned as 
their king Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, who was former- 
ly one of Solomon 's servants. 

This division of the kingdom of Israel was a punish- 
ment by God for Solomon's idolatry. Unfortunately, 
Jeroboam was even more unfaithful than Solomon and his 
sons. One of his first acts was to set up two golden 
calves, one in Eethel and one in Dan, for the people 
to worship instead of going to the temple of God in 
Jerusalem. As the result of his idolatry, the house 
of Jeroboam was overthrown. 

Approximately fifty years after the establishment 
of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, Qnri, captain of 
the host, rose to the throne through conspiracy and 
murder. Omri changed the capital from Tirzah to his 
new city of Samaria, which he built; "And he bought 
the hill Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver, 
and built on the hill, and called the name of the city 
which he built, after the name of Shemer, owner of the 
hill, Samaria." (I Kings 16:24) 

The city of Samaria was built at a very favorable 
location. It was in the center of Palestine in the 
tribe of Ephraim, 42 miles north of Jerusalem. The 
hill on which it was built was steep, about 300 feet 
high, with a long plateau at the summit, and was sur- 
rounded by mountains on three sides. This gave the 
city a good military advantage. 

Omri built Samaria about 880 B.C. and reigned there 
six years. When he died, his son Ahab began to reign, 
and he was in power twenty- two years. Ahab enlarged 
the palace his father had built, and it was evidently 


a beautiful place. Unfortunately, Ahab married the 
notorious Jezebel, a Zidonian princess, who caused him 
to commit even greater sins than his father. His 
worst offense was to introduce Baal worship to the 
kingdom of Israel, which led to the famous contest on 
Mount Carmel between Elijah, the prophet of the Lord, 
and the four hundred fifty prophets of Baal. 

Elijah's mission In Samaria and all Israel was to 
witness for the Lord and to show that idolatrous peo- 
ple His power and might contrasted to the false hea- 
then gods they served. Other prophets were sent, too, 
to turn Israel back to God. Elisha was Elijah's suc- 
cessor and performed even greater miracles than had 
Elijah. Perhaps the most familiar of his miracles was 
the healing of the leper, Naaman the Syrian, in the 
Jordan River. Amos and Hosea also prophesied doom for 
Samaria and Israel unless the people repented; they 
also foretold a glorious restoration of the house of 

Israel was fairly prosperous under Cmri and his 
immediate successors. Then Jehu was anointed by 
Elisha to be king and destroy the house of Ahab and 
Baal worship. This he did, although he did not seek 
to follow the ways of the Lord wnen his kingdom was 
established. During the reign of Jehu, the Moabites 
rebelled and threi* off the yoke of the Israelites. 
Also, Hazael of Syria took possession of Gilead and 
Bashan, and the Assyrians came and exacted tribute 
from Israel. Under Jehoahaz, Jehu's son, Israel was 
sorely oppressed by the Syrians. 

Samaria and Israel began to revive politically un- 
der Jehoash (or Joash)j and his son, Jeroboam II, re- 
covered lost territory and brought Israel to its great- 
est extent. Jeroboam also remodelled the palace of 
Samaria and beautified the city at the expense of toil 
and lives of the poor. Unfortunately, every one of 
Israel's kings "departed not from all the sins of 
Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin." 
(II Kings U:2Vet al. ) 

the last forty years of the Northern Kingdom were 
characterized by anarchy and ruin. Four of the last 


six kings were assassinated by their successors, and 
in 734 B.C. the Assyrians carried away the inhabitants 
of the northern and eastern portions of Israel (the 
Galilee captivity), leaving Samaria alone of the 
Northern Kingdom. 

In 724 B.C. Shalmaneser IV of Assyria besieged 
Samaria for three years. Sargon of Assyria completed 
the conquest in 721 B.C. and took 27, 290 Samaritans 
captive and deported them to Assyria. He then colo- 
nized Samaria with people from Cuthah, Babylon, .Ava, 
Hamath and Sepharvim, and sent one of the priests from 
among the captives back to Samaria to teach the people 
how to serve God. After this, while the people appar- 
ently acknowledged the God of Israel, they also re- 
tained the gods they had worshipped previously (see 
II Kings 17). 

In 331 B.C. Alexander the Great conquered Samaria 
and settled Macedonian colonists in that region. This 
conquest was followed by more destruction under 
Ptolemy (312 B.C.) and others. John Hyrcanus, one of 
the last of the famous haccabees, conquered Samaria in 
128 B.C. after a bitter struggle. In 63 B.C. Pompey 
of Rome took control of the area and united it with 
Syria. Augustus presented Samaria as a gift to Herod 
the 'Great, who rebuilt the city in 27 B.C. and made it 
his capital. He also changed its name to Sebdste, in 
honor of the emperor. 

It is well known that in New Testament times the 
Jews and Samaritans despised each other. Even though 
they believed in God, the Samaritans thought that 
Mount Gerizim rather than Jerusalem was the true center 
of worship. Since the Samaritans were descendants of 
the people placed in Israel by the Assyrians, the Jews 
resented their claim to be "children of Jacob". The 
Samaritans, in turn, felt they had a right to worship 
God their own way rather than follow the dictates of 
the rulers at Jerusalem. This enmity between the Jews 
and Samaritans was evidenced by the, attitude of the 
woman Jesus met at the well; she was amazed that He, 
a Jew, would even speak to* her, a Samaritan. 

The city of Samaria gradually fell into decay with 



Once there was a man who thought he should hurt 
the Christians and be unkind to them in order to serve 
God. The Christians were really God's people, tut he 
didn't know it. This man put them in prison, threat- 
ened them, and even killed them because they believed 
in Jesus. Once he travelled to Damascus to hunt for 
more believers. Suddenly Jesus appeared to him so 
brightly that he was struck blind. Jesus asked him 
why he was hurting His people, and told him he must_ 
change his ways. He sent him to a Christian in Damas- 
cus to learn what he must do. This man received his 
sight and was baptized. He changed his course and 
became a great worker for the cause of Jesus. He even 
wrote some of the books of the New Testament. 

Who was this man? 

Fill in the blanks and find the answer. 

1. And he fell to the earth, and heard a saying 

unto him, , , why persecutest thou me? 

(Acts 9:17) 
Z« ... Brother , the Lord, even Jesus, that ap- 
peared unto thee in the way as thou earnest, hath sent 
me, that thou might est receive thy 9 and be 
filled with the Holy Ghost. (Acts 9:17} 

3. Read Acts 13:9 to find out both his names. — L.C. 

the rise of Nablus (or Neapolis) in Roman times. The 
Crusaders built a church en the hill several centuries 
later, where the tombs of Elisha, Obadiah, and John the 
Baptist were shown. This church was later converted to 
a mosque. Several excavations have been made of Sam- 
aria, all of which confirm the Bible accounts. 

Information from the Bible, Halley^s Bible Handbook , 
Encyclopaedia Brittanica , and The New - Schaff-Herzog 
Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge . —Dorothy Moore 

Modesto, Calif. 


VOL, 23 MARCH, 1976 _ NO, 3 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


I would sing one song for the children of Thy people 

As they seek to walk Thy pathways, Lord, 

As they turn to Thee from the lightness a,nd the evil, 

While they leave the things Thou hast abhorred. 

Let us sing one song for the children of Thy people. 

May they turn to Thee for comfort, Lord, 

For Thou wilt not leave nor forsake Thy children 

When they trust their all unto Thy Word, 

Let us pray one prayer for the children of Thy people , 

For we see not through the years, oh Lord, 

It may be they 1 11 linger to greet Thee at Thy coming, 

Give them strength to love and trust Thy Word, 

Let us pray one prayer for the children of Thy people, 

For it may be we shall lose the cord 

Ere the deepest trial and persecution cometh, 

Do a strength bequeath them, Lord, 

Make them strong to climb the mountains and to wrestle 

With the evil springing o r er the earth; 

Give them faith to look for shelter and for refuge 

Should they meet with sorrow or with dearth. 

Be Thou near to guide In the darkness or the tempest; 

Be Thou near to shorten bitter days ; 

May they find Thee waiting in patience their coming 

When they gain the victory o*er the ways. 

— Lottie A, Gripe 

Selected by Elsie Wolf 

"THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


An otherwise devout Christian ate so freely of the 
bountiful Sunday meal an-t suffered so much discomfort 
that he practically missed the fellowship and Bible 
study of the afternoon. 

A sincere middle-aged brother forgot that he was 
not as young as he used to be and played so hard with 
the young folks that he limped around on the job with 
sore muscles for nearly a week. 

A. young father became so engrossed in his interest- 
ing work that he neglected his sleep and his family 
and suffered in health and in family discipline. 

A Christian mother tried alone to do a job too hard 
for her and, 'though she succeeded in canning the three 
boxes of peaches, her meals and her disposition were 
affected and her family suffered. 

These and many more are instances of the lack of 
the quality called temperance. The Apostle Peter 
lists temperance with faith, virtue, knowledge, pa- 
tience, godliness, brotherly kindness and charity as 
characteristics that make us fruitful "in the know- 
ledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. But he that lacketh 
these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and 
hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins." 
(II Peter 1:8,9) He also says that if we do these 
things we shall never fall, but will be received into 
the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus 
Christ. Bow great and faithful God is to provide a 
way through the blood of Christ for our salvation and 
to ordain a Christian way to walk to please Him in 
this life! 

The opposite of temperance is excess. It often 
means the taking of something that is good and using 
or doing it set much that it is detrimental and sinful. 
Excess is a t<$>ol of Satan that has wrecked many homes 


and many friendships and has wasted untold hours of 
opportunity and service. It has spoiled the testimony 
of many Christians and has been the expression of 
weakness of character; the ruin of multitudes who 
would not let the Lord rule and reign in their hearts. 

Excess is one of the inclinations of the human na- 
ture. Naturally, we feel that "if a little is good, 
a lot is better." If we like something or like to do 
something, we tend to go to excess in it. We. see. it 
in children where this nature is expressed without 
shame or pretense (^nd without guilt if the parents 
are correcting and disciplining). If a child likes 
dessert, he will skip the most nourishing foods to in- 
dulge completely in that which he likes best. There- 
fore we can recognize indulgence and excess as a sign 
of immaturity and a sign that the old nature is not 
completely under control. 

Who of us is not somewhat affected by this problem? 
It is especially evident in a culture so abundant in 
good things to eat and exciting and enjoyable things 
to do as ours is. We tend to think that we have a 
right to all we can afford in the way of luxuries and 
gadgets and work-saving devices. But this shows up as 
excess and intemperance when compared to other cul- 
tures and other ages, and when compared to the stand- 
ards of humility and simplicity in God's Word. We do 
not have a right to use all the blessings God has giv- 
en to enrich. ourselves. One has said "Extravagance is 
sin, even if we can afford it." 

Excess can be expressed, though, through channels 
other* than extravagance and indulgence. What about 
working too hard? Is this not intemperance and don't 
we suffer for it? Doesn't our family suffer when we 
neglect them? Is this not also an expression of self- 
ishness and pride? Perhaps we think that no one else 
can do our job as well. We should not think we are 
indispensable. This does not give license for lazi- 
ness or idleness. (Here also we could go to excess!) 
Nor does it prevent us from doing with our might the 
tasks God has set before us. Paul was willing to 
"spend and be spent" for his people. But his tireless 


work and service was not done at the expense of family 
and friends. He was spending his energy for others* 
It does not mean we should not be zealous. "It is 
good to be zealously affected always in a good thing." 
(Galatians 4:18) 

Paul in I Corinthians 9:24-27 compares the Chris- 
tian race to the race of an athlete. He writes "And 
every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate 
in all things." I believe athletes of all times have 
similar rules. They must not eat too much, drink too 
much, stay up too late or do anything that would spoil 
their physical conditioning. They must be temperate. 
The Apostle continues, "Now they do it to obtain a 
corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible. I there- 
fore so run, not as uncertainly; so fight I, not as 
one that beateth the air: But I keep under my body, 
and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, 
when I licive preached to others, I myself should be a 
castaway." We see from this that the Christian race 
to Paul was of the utmost importance. It was a place 
for methodical, studious application of every resource; 
the best use of all his energy. Excess had no place. 
Temperance was indispensable. How unwise if he should 
preach the doctrine of salvation to others and then 
lose in this most important of all races by failure to 
keep his body and its habits in subjection. 

We could take good lessons from some of the older 
ones among us and even some that have passed on to 
their reward. The slower age of a half century ago 
was perhaps a more temperate one — at least in Chris- 
tian families * Now we are tempted to drive too fast, 
to spend too much on luxuries, to work too much for 
more high wages, etc. Much has been written about the 
inadequacies of our modern diet. We eat too much white 
sugar, white bread, artificial foods, spices, salt. 
But most of this problem could be solved simply by 
following the Bible principle of temperance. The 
writer of Proverbs says, "Hast thou found honey? eat 
so much as is sufficient for thee, lest thou be filled 
therewith, and vomit it." (25:16) 


One area in which we can indulge is piety and holi- 
ness'. Seldom, if ever, do we meet one who carries 
these to excess, and if he does it is with the most 
profit. I know Ecclesiastes 7:1 6 says, "Be not right- 
eous over much, neither make thyself over- wise: why 
shouldest thou destroy thyself?" But this- means a 
superficial, outward righteousness of the letter. 
True holiness of heart cannot be^ overdone. Communion 
with the Lord Jesus and adoration of our Heavenly 
Father cannot be in excess. Paul writes in I Timothy 
4:15 "Meditate upon these things; give thyself wholly 
to them; that thy profiting may appear to all," — L*C. 

"I CM DO AIL ThINGS. • ." 

One warm summer day, some years ago, as we walked 
along a lonely little roadway, we were made to stop 
and gaze in wonderment at a small wisp of dry grass 
which had grown out of the otherwise, barren ground. 

All around the little plant were deep, circular 
grooves, cut in the hard dry soil as smoothly as if 
done with an instrument of steel. 

At first we were puzzled, and wondered what had 
made such queer markings in the sunbaked earth. Then 
came the answer with the first gentle breeze which 
blew. As the little blades and stems were moved to 
and fro by the wind, they had slowly, but surely, made 
their mark upon surroundings which appeared to be far 
too hard and unyielding for such gentle strokes to 

As we stood musing over this interesting little 
scene, we were made to think how this seemingly Im- 
possible accomplishment of .the fragile little plant 
somehow resembled the works of the Christian. Jesus 
has told us that without Him. we can do nothing, and 
Paul the Apostle declared, "I can do ALL ThINGS through 
Christ which strengthened me. 11 

This little plant certainly had no power of its own 
self, yet when motivated by the wind it had done a re- 
markable thing. 


Even so, the Christian, though surrounded by a world 

hardened in sin, can like the little wisp of grass, 

make a deep and lasting impression on those with whom 

he comes in contact, .being moved by the Holy Spirit to 

show forth the love of God to his fellow men. 

u Let your light so shine before men, that they may 

see your good works, and glorify your Father which is 

in heaven." (Matthew 5:1 6) „ n 

y — Marvin Crawmer 

Long Barn, California 

From The Pilgrim , 1961 


Matthew 21:28-32 

Jesus spoke many parables to the people, and possi- 
bly some were never recorded. The dictionary says a 
parable is usually a fictitious story that illustrates 
a moral attitude or a religious principle. The dis- 
ciples asked Jesus one time why He spoke in parables 
and He answered them, "Because it is given unto you to 
know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to 
them (Jews) it is not given* " 

This parable was the last one spoken before the 
kingdom was given to the new nation. Although this 
Parable was mainly about the Jews, we can apply it to 
our lives, as well. At the beginning we are asked to 
make a judgment. "What think ye?" (what do we think?) 
The man (father) had two sons. He asked the same thing 
of both sons — to work in the vineyard. We, as believ- 
ers, are sons of God and He has asked the same of us 
through His Word. He has asked us to work in His vine- 
yard — not tomorrow or when it is convenient, but today. 
We must remember we are bought with a price and are not 
our own, but the Lord's. 

These sons were not young children but were old 
enough to take responsibility and to work in the vine- 
yard. They were not forced to work and were not asked 
if they wanted to work, but the father said, "Go work." 


This was just as the lord didn't ask Jonah if he 
wanted to go to Nineveh, but He said, "Arise, go to 
Nineveh." (Jonah 1:2) 

The first son said he would not go but repented and 
went. The action was fruit of repentance. We can re- 
pent with our mouth but if our actions do not coincide 
•it is not true repentance. The second son did not 
live up to his word: We read in Ecclesiastes 5:5, 
"Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that 
thou shouldest vow and not pay. " 

let us not be slothful but let us labor diligently 
in our Father's vineyard— and be ready and watching 
for His glorious return! "Blessed is that servant, 
whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing."' 
(Matthew 24:4-6) . 

--Albert Ernst 
Napamiee, Indiana 

Some people call it insomnia. It is my time of 
meditation. I can think clearly and deeply. I can 
take time to unburden my soul of hidden fears, long- 
ings, and dark truths, to free my mind of doubts and 
problems that float around me, to dream longingly into 
the future, and to dwell deeply on the mysteries of 
God and His universe. 

My family is asleep. I am alone, lying here in the 
darkness, tossing restlessly. There is a reason for 
this. Every person needs time to be alone, time to 
let his mind tumble back over the good times . . and 
the bad. To brood over mistakes that have been made 
. . . to dream of a better future and of dreams not 
yet fulfilled, a time to be quiet, to enjoy one's 
home and family, to drink long and deeply at the Well 
This is my. time. The time that God has set apart for' 
me. Beside me, my husband breathes gently in his 
sleep. I am thankful he is a good husband. Also, 
that he does not snore. The baby heaves a long sigh 
as she moves about in her crib. Her face looks so 
peaceful and angelic as I tuck the covers tighter 


around her tiny neck. 

This silent joy, that lies in my breast, would 
never be mine if I were asleep now. I'd miss the 
peace of having this quiet time to myself, relaxing 
for the sheer joy of comfort. I couldn't revel in 
this quietness, so soothing after a hectic day. 

Suddenly I know I'm richer just by lying here in 
the dark hearing the night sounds, listening to my 
family's gentle breathing, hearing the clock ticking 
away on the mantle piece, and feeling the warmth our 
wood stove spreads throughout the house enveloping me. 

Yes, I thank you, Lord, for this time You gave me, 
these precious hours when 1 couldn't sleep. They 
weren't wasted. Tomorrow I will be a better wife and 
mother because of them. 

Thank you, Lord, for insomnia. 

Selected from Family Life 


Dear Lord, if I could always just be strong 
And never falter ' neath the fret of care, 
Nor ever be afraid when thing go wrong, 
Just know that God's strong arm is everywhere. 

And if my love was perfect, whole and true 
The way the Bible says that it should be, 
And if I really, truly trusted You 
I know from fear and worry I'd be free. 

But sadly, I confess my faith falls slack 
So many times from what it ought to be. 
So Lord, I ask forgiveness for my lack, 
And when I am afrai d I'll trust in Thee . 

— Vera Miller 

Tuolumne, California 
What time I am afraid, I will trust in thee. Psalm 56:3 



It is a matter of record that the early Christians 
refused even to bear arms, and that not until 300 years 
had passed and Christianity was about to become a state 
religion, was the Christian doctrine perverted to ac- 
commodate the ambitions of the ruling powers who de- 
sired to turn the population into a huge fighting 
machine , 

The "early fathers" were uniform In their denuncia- 
tions of war, Origen, Ambrose, Chrysostom, Jerome, 
Cyril, all declared it to be unlawful for Christians 
to go to war. Justin Martyr in the second century 
wrote, "The devil is the author of all war," to which 
both Fabian and Clement gave assent in terms almost 
identical. Cyprian called it "a pagan custom, repug- 
nant to the spirit of the Gospel," Tertullian wrote, 
"Our religion teaches that it is better to be killed 
than to kill," and Lactantius declared, "It can never 
be lawful for a righteous man to go to war, whose war- 
fare is righteousness itself." 

For two whole centuries Christians declined to serve 
in the army as being an unlawful profession, and Ter- 
tullian bears witness that from 170 to 200 A.D. there 
were no Christians in the Roman Legions. They were 
called "the followers of peace who used none of the 
instruments of war." Even as late as 280 A.D. many 
Roman soldiers, becoming converts to Christianity, 
left the army. Thus it is clearly shown that not until 
the Christian Church became an arm of the Roman state 
was it led to forsake God and the life of faith and 
become an instrument of deadly strife. 

Since that time "Christian war," under the church 1 s 
sanction, has added to the world 1 s disgrace. To this 
all history testifies in the Crusades, the inquisitions, 
the martyrdoms, and the massacres of past centuries, 
up to the present time of gigantic fleets and armies 
and bloodsoaked battlefields, with the millions who 
have perished by consent and approval of the Christian- 


ity of our day. The Church, commissioned to go into 
all the world and preach the Gospel, has preached it 
with shot and shell and bayonet, and with every avail- 
able weapon in air, on land and on sea. The law of 
Cain has usurped the law of Christ, and the Church has 
lost one of the greatest claims it had upon the hearts 
and consciences of men, by leading its followers into 
the acceptance of war as a glorified and sanctified 
thing, instead of being a sin against God and humanity. 

From The Vindicator , April, 1916 
Selected by Daniel F. Wolf 

"•..He careth for you." (I Peter 5:7) 

God ever cares I Not only in life*s summer 
When skies are bright and days are long and glad. 
He cares as much when life is draped in winter, 
And heart doth feel bereft, and lone, and sad. 

God ever cares! His heart is ever tender I 

His love doth never fail nor show decay. 

The loves of earth, though strong and deep, may perish; 

But His shall never, never pass away. 

God ever cares I And thus when life is lonely, 
When blessings one time prized are growing dim, 
The heart may find a sweet and sunny shelter — 
A refuge and a resting place in Him. 

God ever cares I And time can never change Him. 
His nature is to care, and love, and bless. 
And drearest, darkest, emptiest days afford Him 
But means /to make more sweet His own caress. 

— By J. Danson Smith 

Selected by Susan R. Coning 



Was it for me He bowed His head 
Upon the cross , and freely shed 
His precious blood — that crimson tide, 
Was It for me the Saviour died? 

It was for me, yes, all for me; 
love of God, so great, so free, 
wondrous love, I'll shout and sing: 
He died for me, my Lord and King! 

J. Danson Smith 

Selected by Marilyn Miller 


Once more we were made to rejoice with Heaven when 

two precious souls requested Christian baptism, which 

was administered Saturday February 21 to Annetta Skiles 

and Faythe Flora. Also Rhoda Royer was received on a 

previous baptism. 

— Elmer Brovont 


The Salida Congregation have agreed, the Lord wil- 
ling, to hold our spring Love Feast on April 3rd and 
4th of this year. A hearty invitation and welcome is 
extended to members and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 

We of the Old Brethren Church of Canada, Ohio and 
Indiana have agreed to hold our Annual Meeting at the 
Wakarusa meeting house, the Lord willing, on June 4th, 
5th and 6th, with Communion service Saturday evening. 
We wish to extend a hearty invitation to members and 
friends to be with us at that time. 

— Elmer Brovont 

12 ____ THE PILGRIM 



"And there went out a champion out of the camp of 
the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height 
was six cubits and a span . ♦ . And the Philistine 
said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a 
man, that we may fight together. When Saul and all 
Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were 
dismayed, and greatly afraid-" (I Samuel 17:4,10-11) 

This is a portion of the account of the famous bat- 
tle between the youth David and the giant Goliath and 
between the Israelites and Fhilistines. Because of 
his faith and trust in God, David was victorious, and 
the Israelites prevailed against the Philistines that 
day. The fear that Saul and his men had of Goliath 
portrays to some extent the power of the Philistines 
at that time. 

Philistia was composed of a confederation of five 
cities; these were Ashdod, Ekron, Gath, Ashkelon and 
Gaza. These cities were located on the coast of 
Canaan, southwest, of Israel, and Jud-ah. Their situa- 
tion was important in that they were located on an im- 
portant trade route between Egypt and Eabylon. 

The origin of the Philistine people is uncertain. 
They were evidently immigrants into Canaan from the 
land of Caphtor (see Deuteronomy 2:23 and Jeremiah 
4.7:4-), and the location of Caphtor is not known. Some 
historians believe the Philistines may have come from 
the island of Crete; others hold that they migrated 
from the desert between Egypt and Canaan. Likewise, 
there is disagreement regarding the type of people 
they were. Some scholars state they were definitely 
a Semitic people and others, including Halley, that 
they were descendants of Ham. The heathen gods they 
served were Dagon, Ashtoreth and Baal- ze bub. 

The first reference to the Philistines in the Bible 
is Genesis 21:32^34, when Abraham apparently lived in 
the country of Philistia about the time of Isaac ! s 



birth. Exodus 13:17 states that the children of Israel, 
upon leaving Egypt, were not allowed to go into 
Philistia because they might become discouraged and 
turn back rather than fight. 

When Joshua led Israel into Canaan and conquered 
many nations, the n five lords of the Philistines " were 
among those that remained (see Joshua 13:2-3). These 
people were certainly a thorn in the flesh to Israel 
and oppressed them many times. Samson was one of the 
most famous of the time of the judges who fought a- 
gainst the Philistines. During his lifetime Pailistia 
dominated Israel, and Samson was a formidable enemy of 
those heathen people, 





The Philistines fought against Israel again when Eli 
was priest at Shiloh and Samuel was his servant. The 
Israelites took the ark of the covenant with them into 
battle, and when the Philistines defeated their enemies, 
they took with the spoil the ark of God. It was then 
taken to the house of their god Dagon in Ashdod. God 
showed the Philistines His mighty power by dethroning 
their god and smiting them with a plague during the 
seven months the ark was in Ashdod, Gath and Ekron. 


Finally the Philistines fearfully sent the ark back 
to Israel with offerings representing the five lords 
of the cities of Philistia. 

King Saul fought against the Philistines for many 
years. During the time he was pursuing David to de- 
stroy him, battles with the Philistines intervened . 
Once David fled to Achish, king of Gath, and took 
refuge for over a year at the city of Ziklag, which 
Achish gave him, Saul finally met his death on Mount 
Gilboa In battle with the Philistines. 

David fought the Philistines after he became king 
of Israel and succeeded in subduing the country. Af- 
ter this time Philistia gradually diminished in im- 
portance, although subsequent kings of both Israel 
and Judah fought intermittently with the Philistines. 
The Assyrians conquered the country between 734. and 
700 B.C., taking captives and recolcniring the area 
with other peoples in the same manner as in Israel, 
Following this conquest, the cities of Philistia 
fought successively against the Egyptians, Scythians, 
Babylonians, Medes and Persians, Greeks, Jews and 
Romans . Distinctive Philistine culture virtually 
disappeared long before Roman times. 

The destruction of Philistia was foretold by sev- 
eral prophets of Israel — Jeremiah, Amos, Zephaniah, 
Zechariah, Isaiah and Ezekiel. Representative is 
Amos 1s 6-8; "Thus saith the Lord ... I will send 
a fire en the wall of Gaza, which shall devour the 
palaces tnereof : And I will cut off the inhabitants 
from Ashdod, and him that holdeth the sceptre from 
Ashkelon, and I will turn mine hand against Ekron: 
and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish, saith 
the Lord God. 11 

Information from the Bible, H alley's Bible Handbook, 
Encyclopaedia Brittanica , and The New Schaff - Herzog 
Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge . 

— Dorothy Moore 

Modesto, California 



Approximately 10,000 fewer traffic deaths occurred 
in 1974, probably because U.S. motorists drove less 
and slower, according to the Department of Transporta- 
tion. Fatal accidents for 1974 stood at -45.^534, .com- 
pared to 55,084 in. 1973 > a *? percent reduction. 

— Signs of the Times 

Americans spend as much as $58 million a year on 

sedatives, tension relievers and stimulants that are 

available without a prescription at almost any drug 

store or newsstand. 

— Newsweek 

The U.S. uses annually 3 million tons of ■ fertilizer 
on its lawns, golf courses and cemeteries— enough to 
produce food to keep several million people alive. 
One ton of fertilizer produces 5 tons of food in this 
nation. The same amount of fertilizer produces 10 
tons of food in developing countries. 

— M.C.C. Fact Sheet on Hunger 

A juvenile officer, blames too much crime on tele- 
vision for an attempted $1 million extortion plot 
planned by a group of Dyersburg (Tennessee) boys rang- 
ing in age from 10 to 14. The youngsters, have been 
charged with threatening to blow up a Sears Roebuck & 
Co. store in an attempt to extort $1 million in cash 
and about $100,000 in guns, trucks and farm equipment. 
"It's not that we felt they could have pulled, it' off," 
the officer said. "It's that 12-year-olds could think 
of it. It r s television and nothing else." 

Condensed from Modesto Bee (AP) 

James Beery — 68607 C.R. 13 Nappanee, Indiana 46550 
Raymond Wright sman — Rt. 2 Silver Lake, Ind iana, 46982 




The man we want to identify this time is first men- 
tioned in Acts 4 just after the Church was organized. 
He was a Ievite who evidently was converted by the 
preaching of the Apostles, Like many others, he had 
land but sold it and brought the money and gave it to 
the Apostles to use to support the new Church. He be- 
came an active worker in the Church, 

This man was first sent to Antioch to help in the 
work there. He then went to Tarsus to find Saul (or 
Paul) to help also. They both taught for a year in 
Antioch where the disciples were first called Christians, 

In Antioch the Holy Ghost chose this man and Saul 
to be sent out to spread the Gospel farther. They went 
to Seleucia, then Cyprus and on to Perga. (You can find 
these places on a good map.) Always they told the good 
news of Jesus 1 resurrection and the grace of God avail- 
able to sinful men j and many were converted. They went 
as far as Derbe and Lystra and then returned strengthen- 
ing the converts and ordaining elders in every Church. 

This man preached at Antioch for a time and then 
sailed to Cyprus with John Mark. 

We don't read anymore about this man. He was called 
an Apostle in Acts 14:14 but, like Paul, was not one of 
the twelve . 

Who was this man? 

Find the answer by filling in these blanks: 

1. ...And they sent forth , that he should 

go as far as Antioch. (Acts 11:22) 

2. For he was a man, and full of the Holy Ghost 

and of : and much people was unto the 

Lord. (Acts 11:24) 

3. What was this man's other name and where was his 
home? What does his name mean? (Acts 4:36) — L.C. 


VOL. 23 APRIL-MAY, 1976 MOS. 4 & 5 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 

And can it be that I should gain 

An interest in the Saviour 1 s blood? 

Died He for me, who caused His pain? 

For me, who Him to death pursued? 

Amasing love I How can it be 

That Thou, my Lord, shouldst die for me? 

'Tis mystery all I The Immortal diesl 
Who can explore His strange design? 
In vain the firstborn seraph tries 
To sound the depths of love divine; 
! Tis mercy all J Let earth adorer 
Let angel minds inquire no more. 

He left His Father 1 s throne above, 
So free, so infinite His grace I 
Emptied Himself of all but love, 
And bled for Adam r s helpless race; 
T Tis mercy all I Immense and free, 
For, C my God, it found out me I 

Long my imprisoned spirit lay, 
Fast bound in sin and nature T s night; 
Thine eye diffused a quickening ray, 
I woke, the dungeon flamed with light: 
My chains fell off, my heart was free, 
I rose, went forth, and followed Thee. 

No condemnation now I dread, 
Jesus, with all in Him, is mine; 
Alive in Him, my living Head, 
And clothed in righteousness divine, 
Bold I approach the eternal throne, 
And claim the crown, through Christ, my own, 
— Charles Wesley 

THE FMI GRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 

members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 

on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 



There it lay, the heavy cross that had recently 
held the body of Jesus. The spring grass had been 
tramped down by the mob, and visible across the coun- 
tryside were cracks and splits in the rocks and hills, 
the results of the violent earthquake that opened 
graves and rent rocks when Jesus died. The awful ac- 
tivity was over and the mob was gone. 

Joseph of Arimathaea had boldly petitioned Pilate 
that he might dispose of the body. Joseph was a man 
of influence, one of the Jews' council. He was a se- 
cret disciple of Jesus and may not have been called 
to the hasty meeting of the council the night before. 
At least, he did not consent that Jesus should be con- 
demned the way He was. Pilate granted Joseph permis- 
sion to take the body. He "took. him down" from the 
cross, and now, that tree was no longer needed. The 
bloody nails, pried out to release His mangled hands 
and swollen feet,, lay as grim reminders of the suffer- 
ing He had endured and the cruelty of the execution- 

Joseph, being a man of means, had hewn out a tomb 
for himself to receive his own body when he died. It 
was in a beautiful setting, a garden, and Joseph no 
doubt hallowed the spot as a final resting place for 
himself .and his family. But things had changed for 
Joseph.- Somehow this Jesus had made life seem more 
vital. and death less final. Had He not called Lazarus 
from a rock tomb only a few miles away at Bethany? 
Had He not proved twice before that He had power over 
death by raising a little girl and a young man? But 
now Jesus Himself was dead. Joseph's devotion, secret 
before, now showed itself openly. 

Nicodemus, also a secret disciple of Jesus, came 
to help bringing "a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about 


an hundred pound weight, 11 Together they wrapped Jesus' 
body in fine new linen with the spices "as the manner 
of the Jews is to bury. " A special napkin was wrapped 
around His head. They laid Jesus in this new rock 
tomb and "rolled a stone unto the door of the sepul- 
chre . " 

The cros-s had fulfilled its destined -purpose. It 
had held the dying Son of God, Legions of angels 
would gladly have- come to rescue Him from this suffer- 
ing, shame -and death, but how then could the scrip- 
tures be fulfilled that thus it must be? From this 
time on', the cross would have a different meaning for 
God's people. Before, it was only an instrument of 
torture where one who fell into disfavor with the rul- 
ing powers spent his last agonizing hours. It held 
only horror and death. It was a place of a curse. 
Th©se whc hung on a tree were under the curse. For 
the law said "Cursed is every one that hangeth on. a 
tree." (Galatians 3:13) 

But now the cross has become a symbol of salvation. 
It has become a place where the price was paid for the 
sins of the world by the suffering Son of God. It has 
become a meeting place for God and man. It is a meet- 
ing place of peace where Creator and creature are rec- 
onciled by the One who suffered there. 

Now the cross would lose its horror for Jesus 1 fol- 
lowers. Many would be called upon to follow their 
Saviour to the death on a cross. Many would be burned 
on crosses with the flames lighting the revellings and 
excesses of the Roman ruler and his guests. The cross 
still remains the instrument of torture and death, but 
because of Jesus* dying and coming through with victory 
over the grave, death has lost its horror. -Christians 
can now die in peace and confidence even on a cross. 

According to John, Jesus was led to Calvary "bear- 
ing his cross." The other accounts say that bimoh, a 
Cyrenian, was compelled to carry the cross. Taking 
the accounts together we can conclude that Jesus 
started out with the heavy cross on His own shoulders, 
but because of His ordeal of scourging, mocking, and 
loss of sleep, He was unable to carry it all the way 


to Calvary. Simon will be remembered for this service 
to Jesus. 

Jesus spoke to His disciples about "bearing the 
cross 11 before He went to Calvary. He said "If any man 
will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up 
his cross, and follow me." (Matthew 16:24) 

We can understand now what this means. The cross 
can only mean death. To deny ourselves and take up 
our cross means to do, in some way, what Jesus did. 
Paul says "I am crucified with Christ . . . " So we 
can understand that there must be a death in our ex- 
perience. We must "die" to sin. The "old man" must 
die. It may not be on a flaming cross as some of the 
early Christian martyrs literally did. But it must 
be nonetheless real* But this is not all. 

After Jesus 1 terrible ordeal on the cross and His 
time In the tomb of Joseph, He was able to take up His 
life again by the commandment of the Father. His 
mangled body was given life and He rose from that 
tomb. This is the reason the cross can now be an in- 
strument of victory instead of death and defeat. We 
now die with Jesus, but if we do we can also live 
with Him, 

We are new to glery in that old rugged cross. 
Paul was not one to glory or boast except when he 
felt compelled to defend his authority to those who 
seemed to have confidence in the flesh. He wrote to 
the Romans that boasting was excluded. There is no 
reason to glory in the flesh. But Paul wrote to the 
Galatians (6:14) , "But God forbid that I should glory, 
save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ , by whom 
the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world." 

We can and should glory in that cross — not for 
what it was but for the One who hung upon it. We 
don ! t glory in the shameful act of the torture of the 
Son of God who was sent to rescue fallen man. But 
we glory in the willingness and ability of Jesus to 
endure such suffering and by it ransom our souls from 
certain death. We glory that God found a way to save 
us when we had no way and no hope. 


Yes, we can glory in the cross. And now we sing: 

Must Jesus bear the cross alone , 

And all the world go free? 

No, there's a cross for everyone, 

And there f s a cross for me. 
Jesus calls us to take up our cross and follow Him. 
Here is where we break with the world and identify 
with Jesus. Here is where we die to sin. Let us 
return again and again to Calvary. Let us see Him 
there "bearing our sins in his own body on the tree, 
that we, being dead, to sins, should live unto righteous- 
ness: by whose stripes ye were healed. 11 (I Peter 2:24) 


Cross of Christ, sacred tree, 

Hide my sins and shelter me; 
Claim of merit have I none, 

I am vile and all undone; 
I to thee for succor fly, •-■ ■■■-■ 

Give me refuge or I die; 
Cross of Christ, sacred tree, 

All my hopes are hung on thee. 

Cross of Christ, sacred tree, 

Let me to thy shadow flee; 
Here they mocked the Crucified, 

Here the royal sufferer died; 
Here was shed the atoning blood, 

Here expired the Son of God; 
Cross of Christ, sacred tree, 

Can the guilty trust in thee? 

Cress of Christ, sacred tree, 

This my beast shall ever be; 
That Thy blood for me was shed, 

That for me He groaned and hied; 
Now I catch that gracious eye, 

Now I know I shall not die; 
Cross of Christ, sacred tree, 

All my guilt is lest in thee. 

By D. T. Taylor 



Having heard a message on our responsibility to 
fear and serve God, I am impressed with some thoughts 
on the charge or trust that each of us has from the 

There is nobody exempt from this charge, for as a 
hymn says: "A charge to keep I have, A God to glorify, 
A never dying soul t.o save, And fit it for the sky." 

Even children have a charge from the Lord: that 
they "obey their parents in the Lord." Surely chil- 
dren who are willfully disobedient are not pleasing 
to the Lord. 

As we grow older and approach maturity, the Lord 
shows us our lost condition, and the charge or respon- 
sibility for the condition of our soul passes from our 
parents to us. Young people who willfully live in the 
pleasures and sin of the world certainly are not keep- the charge the Lord has given them of caring for 
their souls. They also would be chargeable for the 
anxiety and grief they cause their loved ones. Their 
actions and influence may cause some other young per- 
son to start down the road to destruction. Young man 
or woman, can you stand this responsibility? Are you 
willing to stand in judgment and answer for your in- 
fluence in the downfall of someone else's soul? 

When we realize the lost condition of our soul, our 
charge is to repent and accept the terms of salvation 
and to fully yield our way unto the Lord. 

We notice that as we go through life our charge 
continually becomes greater, as must of us approach 
maturity, we choose an occupation. Do we seek one 
which is conducive to Christian living? Or is our 
first consideration high pay, easy labor, or short 
hours? We have a great responsibility to occupy in 
something worthwhile and in which we can be a good 
witness for the Lord. 

At maturity, most of us choose a life companion, 
and here again the charge is greatly increased. We 
should choose one with whom we can start a Godly home. 


Our duty is to influence and continually encourage our 
companion to a closer walk with God. Certainly being 
a husband or wife who continually desires more materi- 
al possessions and conveniences does not fulfill this 
charge. Rather, we should be content with such things 
as the Lord blesses us with and seek first the true 

As time goes on, most of us receive the charge of 
caring for and training children. This I believe is 
one of the greatest and most direct charges we can re- 
ceive in this life. We are now obligated to put forth 
our very best efforts to train these children to love, 
honour, fear, and serve our God! There is a popular 
idea among some plain professing people that it is ac- 
ceptable and perhaps even expected for young people to 
indulge in worldly pleasures and amusements and even 
gross sin before they make a Christian profession. In 
all frankness 1 ask, what parents that want their son 
to grow up to be honest and upright will send him to 
the Mai^ia for part of his training? I believe none of 
us would! Is it any better to allow our children to 
receive part of their training and develop some of 
their values of life under the influence and teaching 
of the Satanic power who is in control of these things? 
Why would we feel it is acceptable for our children 
to be part of a system whose ruler is dedicated to the 
overthrow of all we hold dear? 

In bringing up children, our charge is greatly 
broadened. If we fail to train our children properly, 
think how much harder we make the job for our brethren 
whose children will associate with ours! Also, the 
son or daughter we fail to train properly will likely 
be someone >s life companion. Will they have a Godly 
home? will their children be Godly people? Who will be 
responsible if not? I don't claim that all properly 
trained children will inevitably become Godly people, 
but if our children are lost because we neglected our 
charge as parents, what shall our answers be in that 
great judgment day? 

I have heard some older people state that they were 
glad when their children were grown and they could 


relax and enjoy themselves, I believe someone with 
this attitude is neglecting their charge. It would 
seem to me that the charge would be greater as our 
children mature and start homes of their own. Is it 
not parents 1 and grandparents 1 duty both by actions 
and advice to influence their children to live a Godly 
life, avoiding extravagance and the gratification of 
the flesh? How can older people keep the charge com- 
mitted to them by living in luxury,- idleness, or self- 
indulgence? Who could better advise their children 
and lend a helping hand when needed? Who is in a bet- 
ter position to visit the sick, lonely, discouraged, 
etc.? Who can say how great an influence Godly grand- 
parents can have over their children and grandchildren 
if they continue to live consistent to the principles 
they profess? 

Most of us will never feel the weight of the charge 
placed upon the deacons and ministry, but if we do our 
best to keep the charge the Lord does commit to us, it 
will make tneirs mucn easier. 

The apostle Paul at one place wrote to Timothy to 
"keep that Wxiicn is committed to thy trust. 1 ' "Help me 
to watch and pray And on thyself rely; Assured if 1 my 
trust betray, A second death I'll die." Are we keep- 
ing our trust? 

Humbly submitted, James Beery 

Napanee, Indiana 


FASSLER— SHIRK: Joseph Fassler and Mary Ann Shirk were 
united in marriage on May 1 in Modesto, California, 


Joe Fassler P.O. Box 2, Van Duzen Rural Branch 

Bridge ville, California 95526 
(707) 574-6458 

Buford Flora Rt. 1, Box 127 

Mt. Olive, Mississippi 39119 
(601) 797-3342 



The parables may be considered narratives used by- 
Jesus to convey spiritual truths through comparisons* 
Though Jesus may not be the inventor of parable-type 
teaching, His use of the method far surpassed that of 
all other teachers in effectiveness. 

This parable, at first thought, seems simple enough 
because, being recorded also in Mark's and Luke's gos- 
pels we have the privilege of having Jesus as the in- 

The sower in this parable (Matthew 13:3-3 and 18-23) 
is not the main point to consider, but it shows a re- 
sponsibility on the part of every true Christian of 
handling and receiving the Word of Gud. 

The seed, Jesus says, is God's Word and we wonder 
if it would accomplish its purpose if there was no one 
to "sow"! 

It seems one of the main points is to show that the 
effect of the "Word" is dependent on the state of the 
heart. In some cases this "Word of the Kingdom", 
whether preached by Christ or His followers, falls on 
hearts which are pictured by the hard-trodden footpath, 
which runs through a field of grain. No possible im- 
pression can be made. The Wurd finds no entrance and 
Satan snatches it away as a bird would pick up- grain. 
"The seeds that fell on stony ground," says the expla- 
nation, "is he that heareth the word and anon with joy 
receiveth it," Maybe these are the ones who flock to 
hear the words of Jesus but retreat when confronted 
with persecution which the followers of Christ may have 
to bear. 

Then there are those hearers who are compared to 
seed which falls among thorns. It germinates but has 
no room for developments. These hearers seem so pre- 
occupied by worldly interests that they bear no spir- 
itual fruit. 


Finally it ends with hope and promise: "Other 
seeds fell into good ground and brought forth fruit, 
some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyf old. ,! 
This, says the explanation, is the situation of him 
who hears the Word and understands it. 

The preparation of the soil is our responsibility 
and ve are too often willing to leave it half done. 
It takes work and pains to keep our spirits in a re- 
ceptive mood for the Word. 

To understand the nature of the seed means to ac- 
cept its tremendous possibilities. It means to be- 
lieve that it can give strength to our feeble purposes 
and grant us power to live by. If we will receive it 
humbly and confidently, what it will do in one poor 
life is beyond our ability to describe. We believe 
that every one of us has a potential, far beyond any- 
thing yet realized. Men and women are at their best 
when the Gospel gets down deep into their hearts! 

In conclusion we should all take heed how we hear 
the Gospel message. It is also an encouragement to 
those who proclaim "the Good News' 1 . Obviously, not 
all hearers will be eager for the message, nor even 
some who accept it prove true to Christ. However, we 
can and must believe that if we faithfully perform 
our tasks, the Lord of the Harvest will produce re- 
sults which will bring an infinite reward. 

God has done what we cannot do. He will not do 
what we can ! 

— Roger L. Skiles 
Wakarusa, Indiana 


We of the Old Brethren Church of Canada, Ohio and 
Indiana have agreed to hold our Annual Meeting at the 
Wakarusa meeting house, the Lord willing, on June 4th, 
5th and 6th, with Communion service Saturday evening. 
We wish to extend a hearty invitation to members and 
friends to be with us at that time. 

— Elmer Brovont 



Our new garden is showing a mass of fine weeds which 
can easily be destroyed by a few strokes of the hoe. 
However , If we wait a few weeks, they 1 11 be hard to 
pull out, and j if not uprooted, they'll ruin the good 
things we've planted. A garden free cf weeds is a joy 
to behold. 

In my own life I find little irritations, grudges 
and distrust cropping out. If let to grow, soon sharp 
words which hurt both myself and my dear ones ruin the 
precious fruits of the Spirit: "love, joy, peace, long 
suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, 
temperance. . . " 

"Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity en- 

vieth not j charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed ' 

up, Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her 

own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; 11 

(I Corinthians 13*4,5) 

— Martha Cover 


Dark shadows played across the beams 
In the room where the Baby lay, 
And in the world a darker force 
Could scarce be held at bay. 
Above Him darkness in the sky 
As He hung on the cross alone, 
And darker still inside the tomb 
When they closed it with a stone. 
There was darkness in the hearts of men 
Where evil held full sway 
Until He lifted up His light 
And drove all dark away. 

By Willa Phillips 
Selected by Susie Wagner 

n But these are written, that ye might believe that 
Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing 
ye might have life through his name." — John 20:31 



Egypt is one of the oldest civilizations of- the 
world. According to Halle y, it was founded soon after 
the flood by Mizraim, the son of Ham and was called 
the "Land of Ham". Ancient history reveals a very 
colorful civilization centered around the Nile River. 

Egypt is" situated on the northeastern corner of 
Africa, about 300 miles southwest of Jerusalem. It 
consists of a valley about 750 miles long and 2 to 30 
miles wide, bisected from north to south by the Nile 
River. It is surrounded almost entirely by desert. 
The most fertile part of the country is the Delta, at 
the mouth of the Nile. 

Without the Nile River, Egyptian culture would not 
have existed as it did. The Nile, which overflowed 
its banks annually to irrigate and enrich the soil 
adjacent to it ,-■ was. literally the giver of life to 

Egypt was ruled by kings called Pharaohs beginning 
with Menes, who united Upper and Lower Egypt and was 
the first ruler known to History. He founded the 
first of thirty-one dynasties which controlled Egypt 
until the time of Alexander the Great. 

There were three outstanding periods in ancient 
Egyptian history. First was the Old . idngdom, when 
many of the great pyramids were built. Second was the 
Middle Kingdom, about 2000 B.C., at the time of Abraham* 
Third was the Empire period, about 1600 to 1200 B.C. 
During this time, Egypt, the first world empire, con- 
trolled the area from Ethiopia to the Euphrates River. 
This was also the time when the children of Israel 
journeyed to Egypt to escape the famine and were en- 
slaved there 400 years. 

The history of God's people related in the Old 
Testament is closely bound to that of Egypt. Abraham 
and Sarah lived in Egypt for a time. Then Joseph was 
sold into slavery and taken to Egypt, where he 


eventually became ruler next in line to Pharaoh. 
During the time of the seven year famine, Jacob and 
his 66 descendants, at Joseph 1 s request, went from 
Canaan to Egypt to live there. While in Egypt, the 
children of Israel were eventually enslaved by the 
dynasty of Pharaohs following the one under which 
Joseph served. The Israelites remained in bondage 
until God delivered them through hoses. 

At the time of Hoses' birth, Pharaoh ordered all 
male children born to the Israelites cast into the 
river in an attempt to curb the rapidly growing pop- 
ulation of the Hebrews. However, in the providence 
of God, hoses was rescued by the Pharaoh's daughter, 
and she adopted him. She allowed him to spend at 
least part of his childhood with his people, during 
which time he learned much about the God of. his fa- 
thers — enough to make him choose to serve God rather 
than to possibly become the ruler of the greatest na- 
tion on ea'rth at that time. 

The Egyptians served many gods, most of which were 
represented by animals. These included Ptah, a bull; 
Osiris, a goat; iimon, a cow; Thoth, an ape; Heka, a 
frog; and Ra, the sun god, a hawk. The Nile was also 
worshipped. The ten plagues hoses performed through 
the power of God were intended to show His supremacy 
and were aimed at Egyptian deities. 

By the time of the death of the firstborn through- 
out Egypt, when Pharaoh finally released the children 
of Israel, Egypt was a changed country. Gone were all 
its cattle and crops from the plagues. Gone was much 
of its wealth as the Israelites "borrowed of the 
Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and 
raiment . . . And they spoiled the Egyptians. " (Exodus 
12:35-36) Perhaps most important of all, gone was the 
nation of slaves which had served Egypt for 400 years 
and built royal cities for the Pharaohs. All this was 
a tremendous blow to Egypt's economy and was instru- 
mental in changing the country from a world empire to 
a second rate nation. 

From the time of Joshua until the captivity, Egypt 
alternately fought and made peace with Israel/ Judah, 


and the surrounding nations. Egypt also fought a- 
gainst both Assyria and Babylon and was bitterly de- 
feated by the latter at the battle of Carchemish in 
605 B.C. With the fall of Babylon, the Persians con- 
quered Egypt and ruled there until the Egyptians, af- 
ter several rebellions, finally succeeded in throwing 
off the Persian yoke in 405 B.C. Sixty years later 
Persia reconquered the area, only to be replaced by 
Alexander of Greece in 332 B.C. Following his death, 
Egypt was ruled by the Ptolemies until 30 B.C., when 
Rome took control of the nation. 

Thus we see that -Egypt's history is checkered with 
wars and struggles for supremacy not only internally 
but also internationally. Much of this was prophesied 
by Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekial. Also prophesied was 
the acceptance of the God of Israel by Egypt (Isaiah 
19:18-25). This came to pass when many Jews made 
their home in Egypt after the captivity and spread 
their Influence throughout the area. Also, the Gospel 
of Jesus was widely accepted in Alexandria and other 
Egyptian cities in the first few centuries after 

Information from the Bible . Halley's Bib le Handbook , 

and Encyclopaedia Britt an ic a . 

- — — — Dorothy Mcore 

Modesto, California 

Before the dawn of Easter 
There came Gethsemane . . . 
Before the Resurrection 
There were hours of agony. . . 
For there can be no crown of stars 
Without a cross to bear, 
And there is no Salvation 
Without faith and love and prayer. 
And when we take our needs to God,, 
Let us pray as did His Son 
That dark night in . Gethsemane, 
u Tfhy will, not mine, be done." • 

By Helen Steiner Rice Selected by Leona Miller 



We notice different ones are advocating that we 
write to our congressmen to vote on a bill pending con- 
cerning the right of authorities to take away children 
from their parents. The stories conflict somewhat , and 
to what extent this would be done is not clear. Also, 
as in some other laws, some will depend on' the men that 
enforce the law. Some over-zealous men might abase the 
intent of the law. We are not in favour of such laws, 
and one of the hardest things for any Christian parents 
would be to see their children taken away and taught to 
believe that there is no God. But to go to law or try 
to tell our government what we do or do not want is 
not in our jurisdiction. We had better do as Daniel 
in the Bible did. He, being one of the king's chief 
rulers must surely have known the conspiracy that was 
plotted against him. But we do not read that he made 
any attempt t.o stop them. We do read that he prayed 
and had faith in God. Now, if we have faith as Daniel 
did ar>d find favour with God as he did, I'm sure Odd- 
will take care of the government. He will, as the 
Scripture says, M turn the king's (congressmen's) heart 
as he listeth." If they pass a law contrary to His will 
and we are worthy- of His protection, He will have a way 
for our escape, and the law will backfire against them. 
There is something that bothers me more than the fear 
that we- will suffer persecution and we or our children 
will be deprived to worship God. It is the way our 
people are drifting into the world and losing our faith 
by default. By David E. Miller in Jan, 1976 Budget 

Selected by Amos Baker 

There should be 4 billion people on Earth by Sunday 
(March 28, 1976) according to a new estimate from the 
Population Reference Bureau, That milestone comes a 
year later than some had predicted, but it still means 
the world's population will have taken only 15 years to 
add a billion to its numbers. 

— U ft ion Democrat (Sonora, Calif.) 


(Acts 25 & 26) 

The man we describe this time was a king under the 
Caesar cf the Roman government. We remember him be- 
cause Paul appeared before him and preached the Gospel 
to him and his wife. 

This king and his wife came to. Caesarea to visit 
the local ruler , Festus. Paul was in prison, and 
Festus wasn't sure what to do with him because he had 
done nothing wrong. The Jews had brought false 
charges against him. 

When this ruler came to Caesarea and Festus told 
him about Paul, he wanted to hear Paul speak. So 
Festus commanded to bring Paul out. Paul gladly made 
his defence before this king because Paul knew he was 
expert in the "customs arid questions which were among 
the Jews." Paul told how he, too, at first persecuted 
the Christians until Jesus met him on the road to Damas- 
cus, struck him blind and told him he was fighting 
against God. He told the king that he was not disobe- 
dient to the heavenly vision but began to preach repen- 
tance and turning to God. He told the king about Jesus 
coming to fulfill the prophecies and suffering and 
dying and then being the first to rise from the dead. 
He asked this king, "Do you believe the prophets? I 
know you believe." Then this proud king replied, 
"Almost thou persuade st me to be a Christian." Paul 
wished it could be true, but "almost" is net enough. 

The king would have released Paul, but he had al- 
ready appealed to Ceasar so he must be sent to Rome, 

Who was this king? 
Fill in the blanks to find the answer. 

!• Then said unto Paul, Thou art per- 
mitted to speak for thyself. (Acts 26:1) 

2. For which hope T s sake, , I am 

accused of the Jews. (Acts 26:7) — L.C. 


VOL. 23 JUNE, 1976 NO. 6 

n Deariy beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the jsouI." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


spread the tidings '"round, wherever man is found, 
Wherever human hearts and human woes abound 3 
Let every Christian tongue proclaim the joyful sound; 
The Comforter has cornel 

The long, long night is past: the morning breaks at last, 
And hushed the dreadful wail and fury of the blasts 
As o'er the golden hills the day advances fasti 
The Comforter has come I 

Lo, the great King of kings, with healing in Hia wing?*/ 
To every car Live soul a full deliverance brings, 
And through -one vacant ceils the song of triumph ring:-;, 
The Comforter has come; 

boundless love divine! how shall this tongue of mine 
To wondering mortals tell the matchless grace divine 
That I ; a child of sin ; should in His image shine! . 
The Comforter has cornel 

The Comforter has come, The Comforter has come' 
The Holy Ghost from Heaven, The Father's promise given ; 
spread the tidings 'round, wherever man is found— .. 
The Comforter has cornel 

—Frank Bottoms, 1S23-1S94 

"THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F, Wolf. 


The following is adapted from a letter written some 
time ago by the author to a sister asking for infor- 
mation and comments on the current "tongues" movement. 

I have not had extensive contact with the tongues 
people, but what I have had, and what I read of their 
literature, it seems to me that they are trying to 
convince themselves and others that speaking with 
"tongues" is the sole evidence of possession of the 
Holy Spirit. I do not feel compelled to believe all 
the testimonies and claims that this is the same expe- 
rience as recorded in the New Testament of those who 
spoke in "tongues". Neither do I wish to say that 
there could not be such an experience in this age. 
But I think that any claim to such an experience would 
have to be in accordance with New Testament teaching 
of Jesus and His apostles. 

There are three instances recorded in the New 
Testament where those who received the baptism of the 
Holy Ghost spake with tongues; Acts 2:2-13; 10:4.4-4.6; 
and 19:6. And, as pointed out by one writer on this 
subject, the manifestations were different in each 
case as was consistent with the need of the occasion. 
In Acts 2 they spoke in about 18 other known languages 
(or at least the hearers heard them in their own na- 
tive language wherein they were born) and extolled 
"the wonderful works of God." But in Acts 10 there is 
no reason to think that they spoke in more than one 
language which they all understood, for it "is said 
they "heard them speak with tongues and magnify God." 
And in Acts -19 they "spake with tongues and prophe- 
sied." No mention is made in any of these cases of 
the need of an interpreter. But there are many other 
instances of conversions and baptisms where there is 
no indication that tney spake with "tongues". All of 


the above instances that occurred were spontaneous, 
without prior announcement or "expectation of those on 
whom it occurred. 

But in the case of the Gorinthians (which is the 
only occasion that I am aware of where there were any 
instructions regulating and restricting it)," speaking 
with tongues is listed, as but one of "the gifts of the 
Spirit, and" it. is at the bottom of the list of those 
gifts (1 Corinthians 12:7-10). And in chapter U the 
apostle says that' "Prophesying is greater 11 (verse 5) 
and he' further says in verse 19 of the '14th chapter 
that he would 2000 times rathier speak in a voice that 
could be understood than to speak in an "unknown 
tongue " . ■ ■ ■ : 

The book of I Corinthians shows clearly that there* 
was great rivalry among them, and it appears that they 
thought just like the "tongues 11 "people today that : * 
speaking in tongues was the highest proof ■ and function 
of the possession of the Holy/Spirit. 'But I think it 
is just as clear that Paul is telling them that this 
is not true; or that they have some mistaken ideas 
about "tongues". 

I think it is most important, in considering this 
subject, to pay strict attention to what Jesus said 
would be the office and function of the promised Holy 
Ghost in the person and life of the believer who would 
be converted and joined to Him in His' appointed way. 

In chapters 14, 15, and 16 of St. John Jesus told 
His apostles that the mission of the Holy Ghost, whom, 
said He > the Father will send unto you in my name, 
would be: the "Spirit of truth V a "Comforter" unto 
them;" He would "Abide in them forever 1 . 1 "BuVthe 
Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father 
will send in my name, he shall teac'h you all things, 
and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever 
I have said unto you." (John U:26) "But when the 
Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the 
Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth 
from the Father, he shall testify of me." (John 15:26) 
"And when he is come, he will reprove the world of 
sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: Of sin, 


because they believe not on me; Of righteousness, be- 
cause I go to my Father, and ye see me no more; Of 
judgment, because the prince of this world is judged 
. . • Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, 
he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not 
speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that 
shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. 
He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and 
shall shew it unto you." (John 16:8-14') 

In none of these manifestations of the Holy Ghost 
in the believers is any mention of "tongues' 1 , unless 
it may be included in verse 14> where it says, "He 
shall glorify me." And I am inclined to believe that 
this is the true meaning of speaking in tongues. Cn 
the day of Pentecost when they were heard in all those 
different languages, they were telling "The wonderful 
works of God." And those who heard them knew what 
they were saying. The same was true in Cornelius 1 
house (Acts 10:4-6); they understood what they were 
saying, for "they heard them speak with tongues and 
magnify God." Apparently they spoke in the one lan- 
guage which they all understood, for there is no men- 
tion of the need of an interpreter. Also at Ephesus, 
"When Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy 
Ghost came upon them; and they spake with tongues, and 
prophesied." (Acts 19:6) 

Keeping all this in mind and remembering that Paul's 
letter to the Corinthians was a corrective letter, and 
knowing all the other errors into which they had fall- 
en, it seems quite possible (and even probable) that 
they had acquired some mistaken ideas regarding the 
use of "tongues". At any rate he tells them that it 
is far greater and more useful to "prophesy" than to 
speak with tongues. 

In conclusion, it seems that we ought yet to men- 
tion what the apostle Paul says are the fruits of the 
Spirit: "But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, 
peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 
meekness, temperance: against such there is no law. 
And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh 
with the affeptions and lusts. If we live in the 


Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit. . Let us not be 
desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying 
one another."- (Galatians 5:22-26) 

— ■ Daniel F. , Waif 

Modesto, California 

WELLS OF WATER ■ . '•'■- - 
*'■•;■' • • i \ \_ ■ 

• This is a dry 'year for our areav Winter rainfall 
was the lowest for many years, and now as summer be- 
gins, the land cries out for water" and in ^places there 
is net enough.- It vail be a test "for the many wells- 
as people 1 pump more to keep trees : and plants from dry- 
ing out:, it is sad to see grass and vegetatation be- 
come weak and dry for lack of water-. - Water is vital - 
and it takes a dry 'spell to make us "appreciate it. ; ' 

The apostle Peter uses the expression "wells with- 
out water" to partly de'scribe the -hypocrites that 
were actively working against the Ghurch in his' day. 
These people seemed to pose as Christians ("perhaps 
even had been Christians at one time,) but had none' 
cf the characteristics 'that mark Christians. Peter 
calls them spots and blemishes "-sporting themselves 
with their own deceivings while* they- feast with you,-" 
(II Peter 2:13) According to the last part of this * 
same chapter, these men were deceiver's of those who 
had been converted. 

This description "wells without water", tells us 
something about those deceivers. A well -is" -supposed' '■ 
to have water. Otherwise it does not serve the very 
purpose for which it was dug. It is like salt that 
has lost its savour. Without water a well is a useless 
hole, failing to produce water for' the dry land around 
it and the thirsty travellers. A dry well even becomes 
a trap for the unwary to fall into, and it seems that 
this was the way these evil men were. They not only 
failed to fulfill the purpose for which they were 
created and called but they became traps to deceive 
the unwary. and weak. 


Jude further describes the same class. "These 
are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast 
with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds 
they are without water, carried about of winds; trees 
whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, 
plucked up by the roots." (Jude 12) 

On the contrary, Christians are compared to wells 
of water. Jesus said, "But whosoever drinketh of the 
water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of 
water springing up into everlasting life." (John 4:14) 
He also said, "If any man thirst, let him come unto 
me, and drink. He that believeth on me, as the scrip- 
ture hath said, out of his belly shall flew rivers of 
living water." (John 7:37,3S) The writer, John, ex- 
plains that He spake this of the Spirit "which they 
that believe on him should receive." 

How vital is this water I It first quenches our 
thirst and then overflows to become a river to supply 
the thirsty around us. How important it is that we 
be yielded to God that we can be this kind of well — 
full and overflowing. 

Yes, we live in a dry land. There is only one 
source for the life-giving water: it comes from above 
and supplies the wells that will be used of God. Let 
us drink deep of the life-giving Spirit of God and 
Word of God. Let us be wells full of water— over- 
flowing wells. Let us pray for the latter rains, 
the showers of blessings, the times of refreshing. 
Paul writes (Ephesians 5:18), "And be not drunk with 
wine, wherein is excess, but be filled with the 
Spirit. " It is a choice open to us. Invite Him to 
come in and He will fill you to overflowing. — L.C. 

And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers 
of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; 
his leaf also shall not wither j and whatsoever he 
doeth shall prosper. 

The ungodly are not so: but are like the chaff 
which the wind driveth away. 

— Psalms 1:3 ^4 



Matthew 7 :24-27 

Jesus went up into a mountain to teach His disci- 
ples. While He was teaching there He .'spoke the; par- 
able of the Builders. Christ ended Jiis teaching that 
day by saying" (Matthew 7:24-27), "Whosoever heareth 
these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I villi liken 
him unto a wise man, which built his house upon *a 
rock; And the rain descended, and the floods came',. 
and the winds blew, and. beat upon that house; -and it 
fell not: for it was founded upon a -rock. And every- 
one that heareth these sayings .of mine,, and doeth them 
not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built 
his house upon the sand.: .. And the rain descended, and 
the floods came, .and the winds blew, and beat upon 
that house; and it fell; and great was the fall of it." 

The Apostle Paul in I Corinthians says, "For other 
foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is 
Jesus Christ." This makes it very plain that our 
building is either founded upon the Rock or on the 
sand. How important tnis parable must "be to each 
brother and sister as we journey through this life. 
May all of us, as Children of God, feel a need to 
qualify our words and deeds so they will always be 
founded on the Rock, 

I have thought many times of how, when a carpenter 
builds a building, he must first build a solid founda- 
tion. This is very important, for without a strong 
foundation the building will not stand. It may not 
fall right away, but as the wind and rains come it 
will surely fall. To a builder or carpenter it is sad 
to see a building that has fallen because its founda- 
tion was .weak. 

When we compare the natural building and spiritual 
building they are similar. God, the Master builder 
must surely be saddened to see so many. buildings being 
destroyed by the cares and trials of this life. May 
we always try to follow the lord Jesus Christ as we 


construct our spiritual building. And not of wood, 
hay, and stubble, but of those things which will reap 
Life Sternal. 

As Paul says in I Timothy 6:19, "Laying up in store 
for themselves a good foundation against the time to 
come, that they may lay hold on eternal life." What 
a wonderful promise that each of us has claim to if we 
stay on that Rock, Jesus Christ. 

Matthew 16:18: "And I say also unto thee, That 
thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my 
church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against 
it." Jesus spoke these words to Peter explaining to 
him about who He really was and His mission here on 
the earth. May our prayer be that we may be a part of 
the church which the gates of hell shall not prevail 

— Buford Flora 

Mt. Olive, Mississippi 

May 23, 1976 

Rio Verde, Goias, Brazil, S.A. 

To all of the dear brethren and sisters in North 

We greet you all in the Blessed Name of Jesus, our 
Lord and Savior and trust this finds each of you en- 
joying the many blessings of God. 

The five of us down here are fine and well blessed 
way beyond our deservings. 

Here it is six months since we gave most of you the 
parting hand, and one year since giving the rest of 
you the parting hand. In some ways it seems a long 
time since seeing any of you, and in other ways the 
last year vanished quickly, as it was such a busy year. 
We encountered what we thought were a few small adver- 
sities along the way, but in the end they turned out 
to be blessings in disguise. All we needed was a lit- 
tle patience, as God was taking care of things and 
knew the end from the beginning, which we couldn't 


We attended Holdeman Mennonite services this morn- 
ing. John Penner preached on faithfulness, our respon- 
sibility as parents and children, and being faithful 
in the little things.. He read from St. Luke, Timothy, 
and Revelation. 

We usually attend the Holdeman Mennonite or German 
Baptist services. A few Sundays we worshipped at home 
by ourselves. We thank God for our good Christian 
neighbors. They have been a great help to us. 

The Brazilian people seem to be a slow, easy going 
people, very friendly and peace loving, and exception- 
ally hospitable. I think Reno Hibner said it well in 
his sermon one Sunday when he said, "We North Ameri- 
cans have a lot to learn from our Brazilian neighbors 
when it comes to hospitality." 

The majority of the Brazilians came from Portugal. 
They are some lighter in color than the Spaniards and 
Mexicans (a light tan). There are some native Indians 
and also Negroes. The Negroes were brought over here 
from Africa as slaves years ago. There are whites 
here from Germany, Russia, Greece, North America, and 
other countries. There are also Jews, Arabs, Syrians 
and Lebanese, which are brown skinned. 

The majority of the Brazilian farmers farm with a 
horse, axe and hoe. Also, we occasionally see an ox 
cart being pulled by a yoke of oxen. These farm fam- 
ilies live mainly in stick houses, with thatch roofs 
made of palm leaves. Some live in brick stuccoed 
houses with tiJe roofs. The larger Brazilian farmers 
have tractors, combines, and modern equipment and live 
in town. They hire help to do their farm work. 

Brazil has a lot of cattle, which consist mostly of 
I Brahmas. This means there are quite a few cowboys 
here also. The old Goias-Sao Paulo road goes along 
the southwest corner of our farm, and we have seen a 
lot of cattle drives go through, consisting of anywhere 
from one hundred to several hundred cattle each. Most 
of these cattle are being driven south to Sao Paulo for 
slaughter. Sao Paulo is six hundred miles south of 


. The main dishes of the Brazilian diet are rice, 
beans, and coffee. Then there is plenty of meat, milk, 
eggs, fish, citrus fruit, bananas, pineapple, coconut, 
tomatoes, potatoes, melons, squash,, etc. 

Last Tuesday morning Brent, Ted and I drove about 
twelve miles south of here to the Nelson Barros res- 
idence- to look .at his cattle he had for sale. Host 
of the way the road was just two worn paths through a 
large open field. The area consists of smaller 
Brazilian farmers living along a stream and .the Rio 
Verdhino (river). Their form of transportation is by 
foot, horse back, horse and cart, or by bicycle. As 
we drove down the gradual slope toward the stream, 
Nelson's house came into view. It is a typical 
Brazilian house made of stick sides and a thatched 
roof. As we get into the building area we see his 
stick pig pen and a thatched roof shed containing his 
horse cart, saddles, livestock salt, etc. It is now 
ten o'clock and Nelson is at the corral with his cat- 
tle. They take turns eating salt out of his hand and 
are just as tame as kittens. 

The boys played together with Nelson's three small 
children in front of the house in the sand. Their 
toys consisted of sticks and a wooden mallet. 

Nelson showed me the cattle and his two horses, and 
we conversed awhile. He then invited us into the house 
for lunch which we gratefully accepted. We went in 
through the living room to the kitchen. Nelson gav§ 
us each a dish and fork. We then served ourselves 
cafeteria style. The menu was rice, beans, chicken, 
and coffee. We sat in the living room on wooden 
benches with stick, legs and no lean backs, and held 
our dishes to eat lunch. They have no table for din- 
ing. Nelson and his family served themselves and ate 
with us. We went back to the kitchen for refills and 
all had plenty to eat. 

The house has two exterior doors and four rooms con- 
sisting of. a living room, kitchen and two bedrooms. 
They use poles to set in the door openings to close 
them at night and when they are away from home. The 
house floor is clean swept dirt. 


Following lunch and limited conversation, Nelson 
and I finished our business. The language barrier 
makes for the limited conversation. Nelson doesn't 
speak English and I speak and understand very little 
Portuguese. We got along fine but it just takes lots 
of time without an interpreter. 

We then left Nelson 1 3 at one o'clock in the after- 
noon. Brent and Ted had a lot to talk about, as that 
was the first meal they had eaten at a Brazilian's 
house. We all thoroughly enjoyed it. 

(to be continued next issue) 


Walk into a little room. 

There* s a candle glowing. 

Is the room all filled with gloom? 

No, there's a light a-f lowing. 

Walk into a church house. 

Is Christ's love a-glowi^? 

Or is the room all filled with gloom 

With hate and spite a-f lowing? 

Hide a candle under a bushel, 
And soom it will go out* 
Hide Christ's love from all to see, 
And soom your light is out. 

Give your neighbor a kindly-spoken word, 
And soon there's love a-f lowing. 
Give your friend a harsh-spoken word, 
And soon the hate comes rolling. 

Is your love shown to all? 

Or is it in a bushel hid? 

Show Christ's love to one and all, 

And soon there *s love a-f lowing. 

By Mary Alice Skiles 
Cuba, New Mexico 



On June 4, 1976 the Indiana , Ohio and Canada mem- 
bers held a special council. Brother Hollis Flera 
was advanced to the second degree of the ministry, 
and Brother Claude Boone was elected to the ministry. 
May they and their companions have the guidance of 
the Holy Spirit in their new duties, 

— Elmer Brovont 


BF3J BAKER - A daughter , Anna Lorraine , born April 1 
to Stanley and Janice Bru baker of Nappanee, Indiana. 

FLORA - A daughter, Cheryl' Ann, born March 11 and 
received for adoption April 15 by Wade and Violet 
Flora of Gcias, Brazil, S.A, 

ROIER - A son, Joel Michael, born May 31 to Timothy 
and Linda Royer of Goshen, Indiana. 

COVER - A son, Joseph Willis, born June 23 to Joseph W, 
and Sherry Cover of Tuolumne, California. 

Roger Bowser Rt. 1, Mount Olive, Mississippi, 39119 

Verl Brubaker 26849CR, 44; Rt.4 

Nappanee, Indiana 46550 
(219) 862-4798 

Mary Flora C/0 Samuel Flora 

1247 Al San Marcos Blvd. 
San Marcos, Calif. 92069 

Carol Neff 998 North Ohio St. 

Greenville; Ohio 45331 
(513), 548-8464 

Cindy Neff " 26620 \C.R. , 40, Rt. 5 

Goshen,, Indiana, 46526 



Athens, the capital city of Greece, has been in 
existence for thousands of years. It is situated on 
the southern end of the plain of Attica in south- 
eastern Greece. The origin of the city is not known, 
but archaeologists believe the earliest settlement 
began at the Acropolis, a rocky plateau over 500 feet 
high. This plateau provided a natural defense against 
invaders ♦ 

West of the Acropolis in ancient Athens stood a 
lower rocky hill known as the Areopagus, or Mars 1 Hill* 
This was the seat of the old oligarchical council and 
the site of an altar to the goddess Athena, Also 
on Mars f Hill were two stones where the accuser and 
accused stood during a trial. 

North of the Areopagus i^as the Agora, or market- 
place. Here was the center of commercial and civil 
life. In the marketplace were many public buildings 
which housed offices of administration. 

Athens has a very colorful history. It was famous 
throughout the ancient world as a center of culture 
and learning. Its achievements in philosophy, liter- 
ature, science and art were possibly unparalleled any- 
where else. It was also the first city to be governed 
for a time by a democratic system. 

Athens was famous for its outstanding architecture. 
During several centuries before Christ, some of its 
rulers directed considerable energy toward making 
their city beautiful. Among these were the Pesistra- 
tids, a family of autocrats who ruled Athens from 5 60 
to 511 B.C. Cleisthenes followed these despots and 
founded Athenian democracy. Then the Persians invaded 
the city, destroying much of it. Themistocles was in- 
strumental in driving out the Persians and rebuilding 
the city wall. Pericles (443-429 B.C.) then ruled 
Athens during its golden age, when it was the foremost 
city of ancient Greece. It was he who commissioned 


the building of the Parthenon, the famous temple of 
Athena situated on the Acropolis. Pericles also de- 
veloped democracy to its fullest extent. 

After the brilliant rule of Pericles came the 
Peloponnesian War (431-4-04- B.C. ), and Athens was bit- 
terly defeated by Sparta. This was followed: by the 
Macedonian period, when Philip of Macedon (359-336 
B.C.) conquered the city and his son, Alexander the 
Great, ruled after him. In 1^6 B.C. Greece became a 
province of Rome. With a few exceptions, Athens pros- 
pered under Roman rule and regained some of its former 

At the time of the Apostle Paul Rome . ruled the 
.world. Many temples to various idols stood, on the 
Acropolis and also throughout the city of Athens. The 
Athenians were, as Paul stated, a superstitious people. 
They had in their city the most famous university in 
the ancient world and had traditions and learning 
passed down to them by many great philosophers — Plato, 
Sophocles and others. Even famous men from Rome, in- 
cluding Cicero and Horace, came to Athens to attend 
its philosophical schools. Thus, there were in Athens 
many seeking the answers to life, and it was to this 
setting that Paul came. 

When Paul reached Athens he went first to the syn- 
agogue of the Jews (Acts 17:17), as was his custom, 
and "in the market daily with those that met With • 
him. « It was at the marketplace that he encountered 
many students of philosophy, including the Stoics and 
Epicureans. It is interesting to note that these two 
schools of thought were in direct opposition to each 
other — the Epicureans believed that the goal of life 
is pleasure and happiness, and the Stoics held that 
man should passively accept all the happenings of life. 

Paul attracted. enough attention with his discus- 
sions among the philosophers that they took him to the 
Areopagus to be heard by the court. Paul then used 
their idolatry as a starting point to declare to the 
Athenians the truth about the one true God. Some were 
greatly impressed with his remarks, some ridiculed him, 
and some were converted. 


After the decline of the Roman Empire Greece was 
ruled by the Byzantine Empire, during which time it 
suffered greatly. In 1204 A.D. the Latins conquered 
Constantinople and ruled former Byzantine territory 
until 1458, when the Turks became sovereign. Turkish 
rule lasted until 1833; then the Greeks revolted in 
the Greek War of Independence. Shortly after the vic- 
tory over the Turks, Athens was declared the capital 
city of Greece due to its prominence in history. 

After reviewing the history of the famous city of 
Athens which has been so glorified in the past, one 
could certainly say with the hymn writer, 

Oh where are kings and empires now, 

Of old that went and came? 
The church of Christ is praying yet, 
A thousand years the same. 

Information from the Bible, Hallsy's Bible H andbook. 
Encyclopaedia Brittanica , and The New Schaff-Herzog 
Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge . 

— Dorothy Moore 

Modesto, California 


Last year 250 million babies were born to non- 
Christian parents. Close to 125,000 people died 
every day. Of those who died, over 100,000 passed 
on without knowing about the birth, death y and resur- 
rection of Jesus Christ. 

— Signs of the Times 

Federal investigators note that more that $100 mil- 
lion worth of goods is stolen annually by fraudulent 
use of credit cards; more than $450 million in bad 
checks is passed at grocery stores alone; $3 billion 
to $10 billion is sent out of the country by aliens 
working here illegally, and $100 million in taxes is 
avoided by the same aliens; and millions of dollars 1 
worth of drugs are smuggled into the country by per- 
sons carrying false passports. — Newsweek 


THE WISE PHARISEE (Acts 5 and 22:3) 

Our character to identify this time is a Pharisee. 
He was a doctor of the law and had a good reputation, 
for his wisdom and understanding. He was one of the 
best teachers of the law in his day^ and might even 
have been one of the doctors that Jesus questioned 
and gave answers to when He was twelve years old. 

This Pharisee was a member of the council at Jeru- 
salem. When Jesus' disciples began to preach His word 
after the Holy Spirit came upon them^ the Pharisees 
tried to stop them. Once they put the apostles in 
prison, but God opened the prison doors and let them 
out and told them to !t Go, stand and speak in the 
temple to the people all the words of this life*" 
The soldiers found them there and brought them before 
this high council. Some of the officials were ready 
to slay iheffij but this wise Pharisee told ther; of 
other examples when men rose up to start nsw movements 
and how they failed , Ke advised them to let the 
apostles alone and let their movement either stand 
approved of God or fail. 

The council decided to take this advice ♦ But first 
they called the apostles and beat them, commanded them 
not to speak anyrrre in the name of Jesoo and let them 
go. The apostles left and rejoiced that they were 
counted worthy to suffer shame for the name of Jesus 
and continued to obey God and preach the word. 

We don j t read that tnis Pharisee ever was converted 
to follow Jesus, .Perhaps the most famous of his 
pipils was. the apostle Paul. 

What was this man ! s name? 

Find the answer in this first scripture; 

1. Then stood up one in the council, a Pharisee, 
named % a doctor of the law... Acts 5:34 

2. But if it be of $ ye cannot ^ it; 

lest haply ye be found even to fight against God. 

Acts 5:39 — L.C. 


VOL. 23 JULY, 1976 NO. 7 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


The Maker of the universe 
As man , for man was made a curse, 
The claims of law which He had made 
Unto the uttermost He paid. 

His holy fingers made the bough 
Which grew the thorns that crowned His brow, 
The nails that pierced His hands were mined 
In secret places He designed. 

He made the forest whence there sprung 

The tree on which His body hung. 

He. died upon a cross of wood, 

Yet made the hill on which it stood. 

The sky that darkened o'er His head, 
By Him above the earth was spread. 
The sun that hid from Him its face, 
By His decree was poised in space. 

The spear which spilled His precious blood 
Was tempered in the fires of God. 
The grave in which .His form was laid 
Was hewn in rocks His hands had made. 

The throne on which He now appears 

Was His from everlasting years, 

But a new glory crowns His brow, 

And every knee to Him shall bow. 

— F. W. Pitt 

London, England . 


is a religious 

magazine pi 

bltshed in the interests 

of the 


mbers of the Old B 

rethren Church. 


rate: $2.00 

per year 

Sample copies sent free 




Editor: Leslie C 

over; Consult 

ng Editor: Daniel F. 






BOX 874 




It has repeatedly and again recently come to this 
writer's attention that certain apparently sincere 
Christians disregard the footwashing service of St. 
John 13, claiming . that any humble act of service to 
one's fellow man fulfills the intent of this chapter, 
or, in other words, the example given by our Lord in 
St. John 13 was not intended to be observed literally 
or as an ordinance by the Church. 

We hold this position to be erroneous. We believe 
it was our Lord's intent that the members of His 
Church should wash one another's feet. We believe 
further that the Church has observed this practice 
ever since it was instituted in the upper room by the 
Lord Jesus Christ and that it will continue to do so 
until He comes again. We -wish herewith to present 
some reasons why we believe this. 

First of all, we feel that no ordinance in the New 
Testament is more clearly presented nor obedience more 
definitely commanded than the ordinance of feetwashing 
in St. John 13* And there is a penalty attached for 
failure to obey, a penalty which, if incurred, would 
render one's entire Christian profession futile and 

According to Matthew 28:20 believers are to be 
taught to obse-rve all things that Jesus commanded His 
apostles. Surely footwashing is one of these "all 

We believe every earnest seeker after truth, -will 
agree that even if there were no mention whatever in 
the Bible of footwashing it would still be the 
Christian's duty to do good and perform acts of serv- 
ice to his fellow man as opportunity might present 
itself. An abundance of texts might be mentioned in 


support of this position but we believe they are all 
briefly -comprehended in this: "Thou shalt love thy 
neighbor as thyself. 11 This being' the case, it would . 
seem superfluous for our Lord to have troubled Himself 
with teaching, by word and example, something which 
He 'did not intend to be observed and this during His 
last hour with His disciples before the crucifixion. 

I once met a man who was very aggressive with his..: 
verbal Christian testimony but did not think; he needed 
■to wash feet. I asked him why not and his answer. was 
that Paul did not expound on it. This did not make . 
sense to me because Paul's Lord certainly taught foot- 
washing, and according to I Timothy 5:10 Paul did. 
recognize foot washing as an ordinance. to be. observed 
by the assembly. Why should it be 'thought-needful 
for Paul to expound on a subject that- had been pre-, 
sented in such a simple, direct, and -easily understood 
manner as foot washing is in St. John 13'? ■'? -• ■:■•' 

Kind friend, if you are one of those who has. not * . 
accepted f ootwashing, consider: If Jesus would -not 
excuse an apostle (Peter) from this humble service,,- -- 
why do you think He would excuse you? ' hight- it, -be. ". 
with you was with Naa;n-an when- his servants" -.i 
asked him, "If the prophet had bid: thee- do -Some-- great; 
thing, wouldest thou not have done it?' ho^~ much rather 
then, wJuen he saith to thee. Wash, and be -clean?" -„.»v 
(II Kings 5:13) 

—Harold Royer' .** 
■ ~ '■ ' ' -Goshen," Indiana ■ '-.* 

Love consecrates- the humblest act, 
And sanctifies each ^ deed// * ' T ; 
.It sheds a benediction s^e'et, '.*'""' 
. . And hallows every need. : . " 

When in the shadow of the cross, 
':. Christ bowed, and washed ^ the : feet ; , : .. -. 
Of- His disciples, 'twas : „V .sign . ■ : . 

Of His great love complete. .. , 

S. B. McManus, 1902 



This year of the United States Bicentennial, and 
particularly this month, we hear a lot about patriot- 
ism and supporting our country and honoring its found- 
ers. This is praiseworthy from the standpoint of a 
citizen whose hopes are centered in this life. How- 
ever, for us who profess to be citizens of the Heaven- 
ly Country and strangers and pilgrims here, our em- 
phasis and our attitudes should be different. We 
should be thankful for our freedom and good government. 
But our first concern should be to honor our Founder — 
the one who gave His life for- His people — not on a 
battlefield but on a shameful cross. 

The best citizens of this country are those who are 
willing to spend time, effort, and money in the serv- 
ice and support of their government. They obey the 
lawsf they help in electing officials and take up arms 
to defend the country. They practice and protect the 
principles for which the government stands. 

The child of God also has duty to be loyal to his 
Country and his King. Being a citizen of the Kingdom 
of God, he is under higher laws and better government. 
He has an even higher obligation to obey the laws of 
the Kingdom and support its principles. When we are 
born into the family of God, we are to take on His 
ways and walk in His will. What better way can we 
live in honor to God than to strive to be like Him? 

As we make these comparisons, it is hard to avoid 
the conclusion that many citizens of this earthly 
country are more zealous and devoted in their way than 
many of us who profess citizenship in the Heavenly 
Country. Considering the promises of God and the is- 
sues of everlasting life or death, this should not be 
the case. We don't need to compare ourselves to cit- 
izens here to know that God has called us to holiness 
and purity, to self denial and zeal for His cause. 
His Word tells us this, and the fact that Jesus died 
to atone for our sins shows us the importance of our 
Christian walk here. 


One. of the greatest needs of the modern day Church 

is a return to holiness of life and pious practice of 
Christian virtue. In Leviticus 11:44 God told ti*e 
Israelites "For I ain the Lord your God; ye shall 
therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; 
for I am holy ..." This was said in reference to 
clean and unclean foods and avoiding defilement of 
unclean vessels and carcases. It was about their • 
daily lives. Holiness means right living in the de- 
tails of everyday life as well as prayer and praise 
and worship. Man is not holy by nature. We need the 
motivation and continued help of the Holy Spirit. 
But the sad part is that, although the Lord has prom- 
ised freely to give us His help, we so often fail to 
take advantage of it and grow lax in holiness. 

Part of the reason for this lack is the deceptive 
character of the times in which we live. Someone has 
said that our time is an age of inquiry without con- 
viction and of interest without commitment, fen, 
through ever-developing technology, probe into the 
mysteries of the earth and the universe.' But the 
quest is without real benefit. Scientists discover 
facts of creation but fail to give credit to the 
Creator. They learn unfailing laws in nature but 
fail to honor the unfailing law giver. Without doubt 
these are the "perilous times" of the "last days".. 
Paul wrote about in II Timothy 3. For he described 
the people as "Ever learning, and never able to come 
to the knowledge of the truth." 

Christians can be influenced by this lack of con- 
viction and obligation, "it makes us lukewarm. We 
can begin to think that it is possible to. have know- 
ledge of the things of God and confess them without- 
letting them influence us or. change our lives too 
much. One of the principles of the Pietists of - 
Germany (spiritual ancestors of. the Brethren) was 
that the indispensable result of the knowledge of God 
must be a Godly life. No one could claim to know God 
and not practice His ways. Jesus said "Why call ye 
me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which! say?" 


(Luke. 6:46) He also said several times in various 
ways "If ye love me, keep my commandments;" (John 14: 

Without holiness and pious living, a profession of 
Christianity is empty. Our conduct has a way of show- 
ing, through and overriding any profession we might 
make. One has, said, "Your actions speak so loud, I 
can't bear- .what you say." 

How can we effectively improve in godliness or re- 
turn . to it if we have become careless? How can we be 
.better citizens of that Heavenly Kingdom of God? 
First, we. must remember that without the Lord we can 
do nothing. It is God that supplies the power, but we 
must be willing. . It is not enough to say we are help- 
less so. we need not try but sit back ana wait for some- 
thing, to. happen. God helps us by inspiring us to move 
and act. I. like the verse of one of our hymns: 

v ; ' i And every virtue x*e possess . 

v * And every virtue won, 

■""• And every thought of holiness 
:- . Are His and His alone. 

This gives glory and credit to God and also recog- 
nizes that He works in the details of our lives.. 

One of our first duties is the training of our 
children in good habits of virtue and purity. Those 
carrying the Gospel into new areas say they must begin 
with' the children — that the adults are too. steeped in 
.their worldly habits to change readily. This is a 
truth that applies to us also. Praise the Lord there 
are. exceptions to this rule — that God can call and 
change one of any age who comes to Him. But this is 
not the rule. If we allow our children to learn the 
ways and habits of the world and experiment in all its 
sins-, it is likely we will reap a harvest of uncon- 
verted adults.. 

For development in holiness in our personal lives 
we must give ourselves to the study and thorough 
knowledge of God ! s Word. We must let His ways become 
ours. Spend more time in secret prayer and meditation. 
Shun evil, Save compassion and concern for the lost. 


The inspired epistles are rich in advice for our help: 
Paul writes, "Let love be without dissimulation. Ab- 
hor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good. 
Be kindly affectioned one. to another with brotherly 
love; in honour preferring one another; Not slothful 
in business; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord; 
Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing 
instant in prayer; Distributing to the necessity of 
saints; given to hospitality. them which perse- 
cute your bless, and curse not. Rejoice with them 
that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep. 11 (Romans 
12:9-15) There is similar advice in IThessalonians. 
5: 14-24* This passage concludes: "And the very God of 
peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole 
spirit "and soul and body be preserved blameless unto : 
the coming of our Lord Jesus Ghrist. Faithful is he 
that calleth you, who also will do it." •.,• . ■* ■ 
God is faithful to 'do His part. Let us also put our 
effort and devotion into being victorious, useful 
citizens of "God's Kingdom, If we want to claim the 
privileges and promises, let us also follow Jesus, deny 
ourselves and take up our cross.' — L.C. 


Matthew 13:44-46 

Before going into these parables, I would like to 
picture the setting as I think of it. 

In the first parable., we have a poor farmer who has 
worked many years for other men, farming land he does 
not own. 

In the second parable, we have a man whose business 
is buying and selling pearls and possibly some gold and 
precious stones. But business has been bad; he can* ■ 
find only small, lowgrade pearls, and his future isn't 
too bright. 

So both the farmer and the merchant man would be 
glad for the opportunity to better their situations. 
And when the opportunity comes, they don't hesitate 


to put their all into the venture . 

The point illustrated by these two. parables is easy, 
to see as both are short' and. both .show the same truth:, 
that it is worth all we have. or think we have to 
obtain a -place in the Kingdom of Heaven. - . '■ . -..,"« ■ ■-. 

Two completely different sacrifices .are involved • 
when speaking of obtaining a treasure or a goodly { . 
pearl, and of entering the Kingdom ,of (Jo'd. Just as 
the farmer and the /merchant man were willing to .joy- 
fully ^exchange -all their material possessions for one 
of greater- value," so' must we* be" willing to' joyfully 
exchange; worldly freedoms, pleasures and enjoyments - 
(so called) for a home in ^Heaven. ' And. this,, though 
it: be- all we cotild desire, is not the only reward. 
For: "Verily I say unto you, there is no man that hath 
left house > or parents, or brethren, or. wife, or child- 
ren, for 'the kingdom of God's sake, Who shall not re-. 
ceive -manifold more in this present time » and in the 
world to come life everlasting. " (Luke 18:29,30) 

We like to make "good deals' 1 with respect to our 
earthly -possessions, just as this farmer -and merchant 
man did. : And - in view of the .above verses r t we, have 
been offered something of such inestimable value in 
exchange -for that which is so worthless. 

Since a parable was usually intended to convey only 
one truth, we may Tnn "into difficulty in" trying to 
apply all the details. However,. .'some of these details 
suggest various teachings of Jesus. 

The kingdom is- hidden^ not from all, but from the 
"wise and prudent." But -it- i^ found of those who seek 
after the manner of the merchant man, who doubt 
quite diligent in seeking so valuable an item. 

There is one more point which these parables may 
contain. The farmer re-hid the treasure in the field 
until he could purchase that field. A Christian will 
hide the kingdom in his heart for the same purpose: 
that he may retain possession of it. And shedding the 
light of Christ abroad certainly would not diminish 
the Kingdom of 'God which is within him. 

-~ : •— David Royer 

Long . Barn, California . 


LETTER FROM. BRAZIL ... . .. .. 

'"'."'" (Continued) • 

,. A great desire of ours is sometime to be. able to - : 
converse fluently with, the Brazilians. We will then 
be better able to know and understand them,, and' they 
likewise understand us and our ways better.;.;* 

The terrain here in the area varies from, flat -to 
rolling, with the greatest percentage -slightly 1 roll- 
ing. There are many springs, streams,, and, rivers -(-an 
abundant supply of water). k : >. ■,...-".' ,;• 

Xiie vegetation varies from heavy .woods (jungle ) to 
just native campo grass used for gracing, • The North- 
Merican. settlement in this area is -mostly all -cleared 
and farmed or grazed. . » .-... v •' * ■ 

There are .hundreds, of palm trees along the springs, 
streams and rivers. /, . : 

There is a large number of all kinds of wild life* % 
here, of which we see some occasionally. There are, ." - 
deer, tapir, wolves, big cats (jaguar), ant eaters, - 
all kinds of .snakes, rabbits, and many others,. We 
don't see much of them, because as man. moves in they 
move out further. 

There are many ..beautiful birds such as large par- 
rots, small parrots, parakeets, and many more.. The> ..; - 
largest of the birds is the large ostrich which we all- 
are trying to protect. There* are quite, a- few of them 
but we don't want them to become extinct. 

Then of ; course the rivers contain fish} also the v- : 
snakes are usually found along the water. 

As all of you. know this is a tropical climate. We 
find it very pleasant, comfortable, and enjoyable as " 
the -elevation is .2500 feet above sea level. The, .sum- 
mer temperatures range from 80 to 90 degrees in the 
daytime, .and from 60 to. 7.0 degrees at night. The win- 
ter temperatures range from 70 to 80 degrees in the " 
daytime, and from 4-0 to 60 degrees at night. This is 
a general range of the temperatures. They say we have 
one' frost in ten years and they .aren't expecting frost" 
this winter as .they had a hard frost last July." ' 


-The. humidity is generally lower here than in Ohio, 

except when it is raining. The annual rainfall here 
is somewhere between 50 and 60 inches, with most of it 
coming between the first of October and the last of 
May. The dry season or fall and winter here is June 
through September, which we are looking forward to, as 
we have never experienced a winter here. 

The crops here are rice, beans, corn, cotton, soy- 
beans, milo, citrus fruit, bananas, peanuts, and mel- 
ons, tomatoes, potatoes and others. 

I will try to give you a description of the loca- 
tion and setting of the small parcel of land that God 
is letting us use for a short time at best. It is a 
grain and livestock farm located 22 miles northwest of 
.Rio Verde which has a population of approximately 
20,000. The farm is located in the center of the 
original Holdeman Mennonite settlement with the Monte 
Alegra River as our north line. At the present it is 
all dirt road to town with a new paved road under con- 
struction, to be finished soon. When it is finished 
we will have only four or five miles of dirt road to 
get" to the paved road. 

The house is a six room North American brick ranch 
style house with three bedrooms, a stone fireplace, 
and bath and utility room. A spring-fed stream one 
hundred and thirty feet west of our house, bordered by 
dozens of palm trees, flows into the honte Alegra 
River nine hundred feet north (in front) of the house. 
Northwest of the house is. a pond stocked with fish. 
The banana and citrus trees (lemon, oranges, and tan- 
gerine) are between the buildings and the river. There 
are now two barns south and mostly east of the house 
and a' small shop south of the house. 

Violet's cpoking style varies from the Brazilian 
stove to a bottled gas hot plate to the electronic 
(micro- wave) oven. We use our electric generator 
*most every evening for lights, operating the refrig- 
erator and pumping water. 

We have thirty brahma cattle and one holstein cow. 
I am back to milking. by, hand again. The holstein is 
the only one that needs milking. 


On April thirteenth the four of us went into town 
to the Evangelico Hospital to see the little baby 
girl born March eleventh that was needing a home, and 
of course the four of us were wanting to adopt a baby 
girl. We visited the baby, and the staff and then 
told the staff we would like to have, her* They said 
we could come to the hospital and get her in two days 
as they wanted her under observation for. awhile. We 
named her Cheryl Ann. Qn April fifteenth the roads 
were too muddy and wet for us to get into town with 
our vehicle, so Violet went into town and the hospi- 
tal with Anna Kramer and brought our Cheryl Ann home 
which God blessed us with. She is doing fine. Baby 
crying must be a universal language, as she cries 
just like a North American baby. We thank God for 

Brent goes back to school a week from Monday, 
starting the second term of the year. He attends the 
Mennonite school three miles south of our house or 
one mile from our farm. There are two months of va- 
cation for the school children during harvest and 
this is between terms. It is a two room school and 
there are approximately forty students and two teach- 
ers. The subjects are in English and Portuguese 
which makes it rather difficult as they are learning 
the subjects in two languages 

We have been wonderfully blessed with a ; seed time 
and a good harvest, as it was an ideal summer with 
plenty of rainfall. 

We have had thirty-two visitors from the -United 
States in our home in six months, which we really en- 
joyed and appreciated. Something 1 wouldn't have be- 
lieved could happen, but it did. So it is y.ou5r'turh; 
come see us when you can. 

We thank all of you for your support and encourage- 
ment through your prayers and letters. It has been a 
great help to us, so please keep up the good work, 
that we all will remain faithful to our God unto the 

We regret that all of the letters you are writing 
to us don't get here, but don't let that discourage 


79. u ? If .spme .of., you- wrote to us ~a- long time back and 

m haven't answered,- it is because we didn't get your 
letter, so please try again. I don't know what the 
trouble is,, but we are inquiring to, see what can be 
done. • - 

We pray that the Holy Spirit will be with you and 
us. over this Annual Pentecostal Meeting and guide and 
direct all things according to the Word of God, We 
cannot be there but have fond memories of last year's 
.meeting in the west. Also, we can dream about a fu- 
ture one which we may attend with you if the Lord. 

We invite each and all of you to come visit us any 
time you can. You are welcome anytime. We hope our 
parents can visit us soon and think it would be nice 
if they would brin& a minister along or any of the 
other brethren and sisters and children that can come. 

In closing may we labor each day for the cause of 
Christ, and His Kingdom is our prayer. 

Your brother and sister in Christ, 

Wade, Violet, Brent, Ted and Cheryl Flora 


Union power derives from the collective power of 
the membership to withhold labour. That power is 
abused when it prevents others from working, restricts 
the supply of labour or imposes conditions dn employ- 
ers that prevent them from contracting with non-unionn 
auppliers. — The Liberal , Richmond Hill, Ont. 

The average American child witnesses the destruction 
of 13,400 human beings_on TV. by age 15. These repeated 
scenes of violence and killing do something to the 
child's mind— they harden his heart. 

Dr. Victor. B. Cline, a. psychology professor at the 
University of Utah,' concludes that seeing so many peo- 
ple mistreated or even killed causes the child to be 
less sensitive to people who are mistreated. They no 
longer .have ' compassion or feeling for the victims. 
— Young; Commnion ("adapted) 



Corinth was one of the outstanding cities of ancient 
Greece, famous for its commerce, architecture, and 
prosperity. It was situated about fifty miles west of 
Athens on the isthmus of land connecting northern 
Greece with the Peloponnesus, the peninsula of south- 
ern Greece. Due to its location, Corinth was a com- 
mercial center and meeting place between the East and 
West. It had two ports — Cenchrea on the east and 
Lectaeum on the west — between which ships were hauled 
overland to avoid the long journey around southern 

Corinth, like Athens, has been in existence for 
thousands of years. Its golden age was between 657 
and 584 B.C. with Pe'riander, "who was classed as one of 
the wis£ men of Greece, the most famous ruler. During 
this time advances were made in art, architecture, and 
inventions; also, several colonies were founded which 
contributed greatly to the wealth and power of the 

Another prosperous time for Corinth was the secoxid 
century before Christ. During this time Corinth was 
the chief city of the Achaian League and became an 
ally of Rome. This alliance did not last, however, 
and in 146 B.C. the Romans completely destroyed the 
city, sold its inhabitants into slavery, and carried 
away a vast collection of art treasures. 

During the next hundred years Corinth was, nothing 
more than a wasteland. Then in 46 B.C. Julius Caesar 
rebuilt the city and re populated it with freedmen from 
Italy and homeless Greeks. It was not long before 
Corinth was prosperous again as trade developed with 
cities such as Ephesus and Thessalonica. Also, Caesar 
made Corinth, which he named Laus Julia, the seat of 
government of Achaia. 

Corinth in the Apostle Paul's day was a wealthy 
city of world renown. It was inhabited by a mixture 


of Greeks, Romans, Orientals and Jews. The population 
is estimated to have been 4.60,(300; only Rome, 
Alexandria and Antioqh were larger. Many deities were 
worshipped, among them Athene, Artemis, Zeus, Apollo 
and Aphrodite/ Evidence of this idolatry was man- 
ifested in the many statues and temples of the various 
gods and goddesses throughout the city. Also prev-* 
alent was immorality, which was encouraged and pop- 
ularized by the religion of the day. 

Paul traveled to Corinth from Athens on his second 
missionary journey (about 52 A*D. ) and stayed there 
eighteen months. During that time he supported him- 
self by working as a tentmaker and founded one of his 
greatest churches. Paul was assisted by Aquila and ■•■■■ 
Priscilla, Silas, and Timotheus. As in other cities, 
he preached first in the synagogue of the Jews and was 
able to convert some 'of them. However, the Jews who 
did not believe brought him to judgment to be tried by 
Gallic), the deputy of Achaia. When Gallio realized 
that the charges against Paul were wholly related to 
religious matters, he refused to become involved and 
n drave them from the judgment seat." (Acts 18:16) 
ThuB unhihdered, roil continued his work in the city 
and'^onferfe'd many Gentiles, : and Corinth became the 
centef of'his missionary work In Greece. 

Paul Wrote I Corinthians about three years after he 
left" Corinth when he heard of serious problems that 
were disturbing "the church. II Corinthians was writ- 
ten several months later, after Paul had received word 
from Titus that his letter had been effective. (Titus 
had been sent by Paul to help the Corinthian church 
solve its problems.) Paul then determined to visit 
the church at Corinth again, which he did shortly 
thereafter. At Corinth he wrote the epistle to the ; : 
Romans . 

During the Middle Ages Corinth suffered many dis- * 
asters and was a battleground for 'years. In 1;8$3 it 
was destroyed by an earthquake, and New Corinth w&js t . 
Duilt a few miles away. Today Corinth is a small , * 
poor village with only the ruins of the ancient city 


THE PILGRIM , ; • 15 

nearby to remind it of its illustrious place in his- 

Information from the Bible , H alle;/ 1 s Bible Handbook 3 
Encyclopaedia Brittanica , and The New Schaff-Herzog 
Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge . 

-Dorothy ' Moore 
Modesto , California 


Lord, of the days that are left to me 

I give them to Thy hand, 
Take me and break me and mould me to 

The pattern Thou hast planned. 

Quiet, Lord, my restless heart, 
Keep me calm and still in Thee; 

Teach me how to watch and wait 
Until; Thy perfect will I see. 

Tomorrows plans- I do not know, 

I only know this minute , 
And He will say "This the way, : - 

By faith now^walk you in it, 11 

I know- His coming draweth nigh,- 

So earnestly I pray, 
Oh, Lord help me to live 

As if it were today. 

Selected by Ella Garber 


Once more we were made to rejoice with Heaven when 
another precious soul requested Christian baptism, 
which was administered Sunday , June 27 to Danetta 
Sklles. May she be faithful and an example to others, 

— Elmer Brovont 

The correct birth date for Joseph Willis Cover is 
June 22, 1976. 




& 18-28 

The man to identify this time was a Jew who with 
his wife had to leave their home in Rome because of 
the emperor's command that all Jews must get out. 
This man and his wife came to Corinth and met Paul 
there. Paul had come to preach the Gospel , and he 
lived with this couple in Corinth. They all were 
tentmakers and worked. together. This man and his 
wife became zealous Christians and helped Paul much 
in establishing. churches. They travelled together to 
Ephesus where Paul left them to go on to Jerusalem 
and back through -Galatia and Phrygia encouraging the 
churches on his way. 

While at Ephesus , this couple met another Jew, 
Apollos, who was preaching but only about John's 
baptism. They took Apollos and "expounded unto him 
the way of God more perfectly." Apollos became a 
mighty preacher of the Gospel. He was particularly 
effective in convincing the Jews and showing by the 
scriptures that Jesus was Christ. 

This man and his wife continued as faithful Chris- 
tian workers and helpers of Paul. They are mentioned 
several times in Paul's epistles. They must have 
generously opened their home to the Christian converts 
because twice in his epistles Paul mentioned the church 
that was In their house — evidently at two different 
places where they lived. 

Mho were these people? 

Find the answer by filling in the blanks: 

1. (Paul) found a certain Jew named , born 

in Pontus, lately come from Italy, with his wife 

. . . and came unto them. (Acts 18:2) 

2. Greet and \ , my helpers in 

Christ Jesus: Who have for my life laid down their own 
necks: unto whom not only. I give thanks, but also all 
the churches of the Gentiles. (Romans 16:3,4) — L.C. 


VOL. 23 AUGUST, 1976 NO. 8 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 



Saviour, the world 1 s and mine 
Was ever grief like Thine? 
Thou my pain, my curse, hast borne; 
All my sins were laid on Thee; 
Help me, Lord, for Thee I mourn; 
Draw me, Saviour, after Thee. 

To love is all my wish; 

I only live for this: 

Grant me, Lord, my heart l s desire, 

There, by faith, forever dwell; 

This I always will require, 

Thee, and only Thee to feel. 

Thy power I pant to prove, 

Rooted and fixed in love; 

Strengthened by Thy Spirit T s might, 

Wise to fathom things divine, 

What the length, and breadth, and height, 

What the depth of love like Thine, 

Ah I give me this to know, 
With all Thy saints below; 
Swells my soul to compass Thee: 
Pants in Thee to live and move; 
Filled with all the Deity, 
All immersed and lost in love! 

— Charles Wesley 

Selected by Susie Wagner 

THE! F^IL-GRIM is o religious magazine published in the interests of the 
■members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cove-r; Consulting- Editor; Daniel P. Wolf. 


I would like to offer some thoughts on the talents 
the lord has given to us and the results of the use or 
lack of use of the same. 

The Lord has given all of us abilities, some more 
and some less as He sees we are able to use them. He 
does not expect the same accomplishments from everyone, 
but we can be sure that He does expect each of us to 
use the talents we do have to, the best of our ability. 
The servant who only had one talent in Matthew 25 was 
not condemned for not gaining" five" talents or two tal- 
ents, but because he didn't make use of the one talent 
he had! 

I believe the carnal nature in all of us would like 
to do some great thin^ in order that we might be 
looked up to or honored and considered to be -someone 
of importance. The Lord's place for us in this life 
is the opposite of this, that we should humble our- 
selves — just be a meek and lowly servant who is de- 
sirous of giving all honor and praise to Him to whom 
all praise belongs. ';/ : : - ; ••* l- 

The Lord sent; an .ang§T't'6 inform Gideon that he was 
to accomplish ; ihe deliverance of ' Israel from the 
Midianites. Gideon said, "Oh my Lord, wherewith shall 
I save Israel? behold, 'my family is poor in Manasseh, 
and I am the least in my -father's' house." (Judges 6;15) 
Do we feel our ; weakness and unworthiness as Gideon 

In delivering Israel from the ^Midianites ' the Lord 
only needed one Gideon, but He chose three hundred 
soldiers to help. There are also an unnamed number of 
other soldiers who. helped in the pursuit and destruc- 
tion of the enemy. Because ail of these -people were 
not leaders and are not recorded in history as heroes 
does not mean they were not important! Nor does it 
mean they were not just as needed and pleasing in 


God's sight! They just had different places to fill 
with the talents the Lord had given them. 

How do you suppose the battle would have come out 
if the three hundred had thought, "No use in me blow- 
ing this trumpet. This won't make any difference any- 
how!" The battle was won because each one used his 
talent in the place the Lord gave him. 

In our time we aren't fighting any Midianites, but 
we are in a much more important struggle to deliver 
souls from the oppression of sin. The Lord doesn't 
need all of us to be Gideons, JDut He told all the ser- 
vants "Occupy till 1 come." Not many of us are likely 
to be called upon to perform some great and notable 
work. Every one of us, however, does have some tal- 
ents, and the Lord expects results I All of us can 
exercise in denying ourselves of things that might be 
a stumbling block to our brother. We can also exer- 
cise "the wisdom that is from above" which is "first 
pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be entreated, 
full cf mercy and ^ood fruits, without partiality, and 
without hypocrisy." If we exercise our talents it can 
result, through the Lord's help, in the salvation ox 
precious souls. If we neglect to' use our talents it 
will result in the loss of our soul. How shall we 
face the great Judge If cur willful neglect has re- 
sulted in the loss of the precious souls of our chil- 
dren? or our brother? or some loved one? 

ihj prayer is that we may all be more diligent in 
using our talents to build up the Lord's kingdom. 

Come on then, as valiant soldiers, 
Fight the fight of faith and love; 

Vanquish sin and Satan boldly, 
Never cease till called above. 

Then when'er the trumpet's soumding, 

And our Lord the roll doth call; 
"Well done, good and faithful servant," 

From His lips will pay for all. 

— James Beery 

Nap pane e, Indiana 


"" - ALL THINGS" A : RE POSSIBLE WITH-, GOD , .'■.-■■ 
""'*f : [ ' '■ ■' ■ Mark 10:27 .-. ,-..:-. ' - * .- 

This is not to say that God will do : "all things" 
that are possible for Him to do. -The Bible nowhere 
indicates that God does anything arbitrarily (without 
good reason) or anything that would violate His. own. 
laws or purposes; but that -all His acts are forgpod. 
aid sufficient reason. This is- plainly" demonstrated 
in Jesus 1 prayer in Gethsemane when He said, "Abba, 
Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away 
this 6up from me: nevertheless not what I will, but 
what thou wilt. " (Mark 14:36) We know now that the 
cup'was not removed, for the reason-that it would have 
been in" conflict with the divine purpose, to redeem man 
frohr the fall, by. the sacrificial death jaf. Hi^ 
trhe cross. Jesus also said to fteter, "Put up, again 
thy sword into his place . . . Thinkest thou that J 
cannot 1 now pray to my Father, and he. shall presently 
give me more than twelve legions of angels? But how 
then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, THAT THUS IT 
MUST~\BE?« (Matthew 26:52-54-) 

God has the prerogative to exaploy any means which 
He may choose to accomplish His eternal purpose in- - 
creating the world 'and mankind for His own eternal 
glory. No man or created being can command God or put 
obligation of any kind upon Bi/a., We may tend to be 
like the people of Nazareth,- where Jesus was brought 
up. He said to them, "Ye will surely say 'unto me this 
proverb, Physician^ .heal thyself : .whatsoever we have 
heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country." 
(Luke 4:23) ' His answer to them clearly shows that He 
had good re as oh for what He did, and it was not neces- 
sary to perform the same miracles in all the places 
where He would come. He; told them that there- were 
many widows in Israel in the days of "Elias" (Elijah), 
but only to the one at Sarepta did God send the proph- 
et Elijah/ He could have sustained her without send- 
ing Elijah to her home, .and He could have sustained 
Elijah any other place which He may have chosen. 


Also, with Naaman the Leper; would anyone think 
that God could not have healed him without having him 
dip himself seven times in Jordan? It would seem -en- 
tirely possible that God could have healed him in his 
own country before he came into Israel. But we have 
not the least doubt but that the way it was done was 
for good and sufficient reason. In* Matthew 8:2 a cer- 
tain leper came to Jesus and said, "Lord, if thou 
wilt, thou canst make me clean.. And Jesus touched 
him, saying, "I will; be thou clean." iind immediately 
the leprosy was cleansed. 

In St. John 9, we read how Jesus gave sight to a 
man that was born blind. We are told that He spat on 
the ground, and made clay of the spittle and anointed 
the eyes of the blind man with the clay; a.nd said, "Go 
wash in the pool of Siloam. " He went and washed and 
came seeing. But in Matthew 20:30-34, when Jesus 
passed through Jericho on His last journey to 
Jerusalem, "two blind men" were sitting by the way 
side, and when they heard that Jesus was passing by, . 
they cried out, "Have mercy on us, lord, thou°son of 
David." And Jesus called them and asked what they ■• 
would that He should do for them, and they said, "Lord, 
that our eyes may be opened." So Jesus touched tWir 
eyes: and Immediately their eyes received sight, and 
they followed Him. 

Do we suppose that it was not possible for Jesus 
to give sight to the blind man in St. John 9 Iju the 
same mariner as he did to those on the Jericho road? 
Perhaps none of us will doubt that He could have given 
him sight without even touching him. But we are told 
In the same chapter why He found this -blind man. In 
response to a question from His disciples He said:, ■ 
"Neither haLh this man sinned, nor his parents: but 
that the works of God should be made manifest in him." 
Likewise there can be no doubt but that there was good 
and sufficient reason for putting the clay on his 
eyes, and to wash in the pool of Siloam. We believe 
that it was possible for God to give him sight without 
putting clay on his eyes, or having him wash in the 


pool of Siloam. But we KNOW it was possible for Him 
to do it the way He did. 

While Jesus was here on earth He had the power and 
authority to forgive sins by simply saying, "Thy sins 
be forgiven thee." But after His death and resurrect 
tion He commanded His apostles to "Go ye therefore, 
and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost; 
Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have 
commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto 
the end of the world." (Matthew 28:19,20) In the- 
book of hark it reads, "Go ye into all the world, and 
preach the gospel to every creature. He that believ- 
eth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that be- 
lieveth not shall be damned." (Mark 16:15,16) And in 
Luke He says,, "... that repentance and remission of 
sins should be preached in his name among all nations, 
beginning at Jerusalem." (Luke 24:47) 

The apostles understood the meaning of this commis- 
sion ana on the day of Pentecost we find Pater preach- 
ing to those who had crucified the Lord. When they 
cried out "Men and brethren, what shall we do?" Peter 
said, "Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the 
name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye 
shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost." Likewise. . 
Saul (Paul) of Tarsus was told by Ananias, whom the 
Lord sent to lay his hands on him that he migi-t re**, 
ceive his sight, "And now why tarriest thou? arise 
and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on 
the name of the Lord." (Acts 22:16) 

These scriptures, and many others, reveal to us how 
the Lord Jesus has ordained that water baptism should 
accompany remission of sins. It is sometimes objected 
that "water cannot remove sins." But we know, that all 
things are possible with God, and He can apply the 
merit of the atoning blood of Jesus Christ for the 
forgiveness of sins in any manner which He may deem 
best. And it is His revealed will that since the 
atonement and resurrection of Jesus, that all who will 
believe in Him, and repent, can receive water baptism 


for the remission of sins. With man this would be im- 
possible, but with God all things are possible, and He 
can remove the penitent's sins in the baptismal waters 
as well as He cleansed the leprosy of Naaman in the 
River Jordan. "Buried with him in baptism, wherein 
also ye are risen with him through the faith of THE 
OPERATION OF GOD, who hath raised him from the dead." 
(Colossians 2:12) 

— D. F. Wolf 

Modesto, California 

Matthew 25:U-30 

As this parable is familiar and rather lengthy, we 
will just go through the Matthew version of it, making 
comments on a few specifics of the teaching of Jesus. 

Verse 14 tells of a man delivering his goods to his 
servants and departing into a far country. This our 
Creator has done, although it's hard to believe. He 
has created all things, then stepped back "out of 
sight" j leaving the earth and all it contains in the 
hands of man. 

Vs. 15* He gave to every man "according to his 
several ability" — that is, no mere and no less than 
the man could handle. Thus He is fair, and we have no 
right to complain that God has given us too much or 
not enough. If any man desires God to give him more, 
he should first be diligent in using the proper amount 
he has. It's easy to see why the master didn't give 
five talents to the third servant or only one to the 

Vs. 16-17. The two good servants traded their mon- 
ey, each doubling what their master had given them. 
Trading is risky business — you can gain by it, or lose 
all. We can do all things through Christ, if we trust 
and don't fear. 

Vs. 18. The third servant had only received one 
talent, but he misused it, hiding it in zne earth 
where It could do no good at all. 


Vs. 19. "After a long time" their master returned 
to reckon with them. No doubt the time seemed longer 
to the servants than it did to their busy, travelling 
master, just as it does to us, but not to God. Cer- 
tainly time must have dragged slowly for the poor 
steward with his buried talent. 

Vs. 20-23 . Now, on this Day of Judgment, the two 
faithful servants have their reward. They give their 
master what he had long ago entrusted into their 
hands, joyfully knowing that they have done well. 
When the master sees that they have doubled the ini- 
tial sums, he cries to each, "Well done, thou good and 
faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few 
things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter 
thou into the joy of thy lord!" Thus, men who had 
simply done their duty as unprofitable servants re- 
ceived great honor from their kind master. Such joy 
can we look forward to with divine foretaste, if we 
are faithful in the service of God. 

Vs. 24-30* Now the third servant steps forward. 
Perhaps he has high hopes, after hearing the promises 
to the other two stewards. After all, he hasn't mis- 
placed the talent. He hasn't lost it in gambling , or 
stolen it . And yet . . . 

The talent still bears the smell of the moist earth 
where it has been buried as he gives it to. the master. 
"Lord, I knew thee that thou art an hard man, reaping 
where thou hast not sown, and gathering where thou 
hast not strawed: And I was afraid, and went and hid 
thy talent in the earth: lo, there thou hast that is 
thine . " 

But, rio, tne master does not want the same single 
talent. The anger of a righteous God appears against 
the wickedness of a lazy servant. This master who was 
•so gracious to the other two stewards is indeed "an 
hard man" to the wicked. "You wicked and slothful 
servant," he cries, "You knew that I reap where I 
didn't sow, and gather where I didn't straw! You 
should have therefore put my money to the exchangers, 
and then at my coming 1 should have received my own 
with usury!" Then the master says to others, "Take 


therefore the talent from him, and give it unto him 
which hath ten talents. For unto every one that hath 
shall be given, and he shall have abundance : but from 
him that hath not shall be taken away even that which 
he hath. And cast ye the unprofitable servant into 
outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of 

What a sad ending to the story. And it's sadder 
yet, when we think that every normal person on the 
earth has at least one talent loaned to him— *but most 
are wicked and slothful servants.' 

Let's take a harder look at the mistakes of the 
third steward. First, his excuses: " Lord, I was 
afraid: I knew you were an hard ma n»" Here he's blam- 
ing his master, as if his master's greatness scared 
him into burying the talent. People all around us 
have the same idea of our God. But like the master 
said, "If you knew I was a hard man, why didn't you do 
something about it? You could at least have put 'my 
money in the bank to gain interest." 

The wicked servant's second excuse was that his 
master could reap where he hadn't sown . In other 
words, "You don't need me anyway. lou're so powerful 
that my doings don't make much difference." This is 
not true. If the master had only given him 1/lOOth of 
a talent he should have used it as a good steward. 

Man was created for the glory of God, and the clay 
has no right to rebel against the potter. But notice 
one thing : even in the heat of his wrath the good' mas- 
ter was not being selfish. He didn't say "Give me 
that talent!" — rather he had it given to the other 
servant who had been most profitable. So the great 
reason of his anger was that a servant had refused to 
do his duty, failed the Test of Life, cancelled the 
purpose of his creation. 

— Stanley K. Brubaker 
Nappanee , Indiana 

Those who deserve love least, need it most. 

— Family Life 



How important are our attitudes I The prophet 
Ezekiel cried out against idolatrous Israel in a time 
when they were being overcome and punished for their 
sins. He said that Israel had sinned more than Sodom 
and Samaria, (See Ezekiel 16.) We think of Sodom as 
one of the wickedest cities of all time. The prophet 
described her sins — not in the details of the abomin- 
ations that we might think of. But he described 
their basic attitudes. Ezekiel 16:49-50 says, "Behold, 
this was the iniquity of thy sister Sodom, pride, ful- 
ness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her 
and in her daughters, neither did she strengthen the 
hand of the poor and needy. And they were haughty, 
and committed abomination before me: therefore I 
took them away as I saw good." 

We should tremble as we realize how closely this 
description fits our country today. When people 
become proud and haughty, when they have all they 
can eat, and when they have time on their hands, they 
are wide open to commit the sins of Sodom. In our 
country the poor and needy are cared for, but can we 
say it is done from the heart by the generosity of 
those who have plenty? There are many exceptions, 
but generally the poor are supported by a wealthy 
government supplying liberally and contributing to 
more and more idleness. 

Neither Sodom nor Samaria nor Israel had the ad- 
vantages of our day. We know now of God's love for ■ 
us through Jesus Christ and His great sacrifice for 
us. We know now that a life of humility and prayer 
and of walking with our Lord is worthwhile and has 
great reward— that "godliness is profitable unto all 
things, having the promise of the life that now is, 
and of that which is to come," (I Timothy 4:8) We 
know now the joy of sins forgiven — that "There is 
therefore now no condemnation to them which are in 
Christ Jesus, who walk not after the. flesh, but after 
the Spirit." (Romans 8:1) 


God is faithful. He called Israel and gave them 
opportunity to turn to Him. Perhaps the reason Israelis 
sin was greater than Sodom's was because Israel had 
greater opportunity to know God and His ways* If this 
is so j then truly we today are without excuse. Our 
attitudes and responses make the difference. Pride , 
haughtiness and carelessness bring error and the 
judgment of God. Yielding to God in humility and 
obedience results in righteousness and holiness. God 
calls us today like he called Solomon, "If my people, 
which are called by my name., shall humble themselves, 
and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked 
ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive 
their sin, and will heal their land. 11 (II Chronicles 
7:14) — L.C. 


We were made to rejoice once more with the Heavenly 
beings when Anita Martin requested Christian baptism 
which was administered Sunday, July 25,1976. 

— Elmer Brovont 

We of the Salida Congregation were again made to 
rejoice with the angels of Heaven when another precious 
soul, Carol Hatler, was received into our fellowship 
on August 1 by a public confession of faith in 'Jesus 
Christ and holy baptism. 



The Salida Congregation of the Old Brethren Church 
have agreed, the Lord willing, to hold our fall love- 
feast on October 16 & 17. 

A hearty invitation and welcome is extended to all 
of our members and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 
Also at Maple, Ontario on August 29. 



Part I 

The city of Rome has been among the most famous in 
the world for thousands of years; it was the capital 
city of the ancient Roman Empire, which ruled most of 
the known f world for centuries. The significance of 
this one grand and awful city on world history cannot 
be overestimated, 

Rome is located on the Tiber River on the western 
side" of central Italy. The city was originally built 
on the Palatine hill and eventually covered six other 
hills (Capitoline, Quirinal, Caeiian, Aventine, Viminal 
and Esquiline), and these seven hills were enclosed 
inside a stone wall, Rome was founded possibly around 
1000 B.C. — the date is unknown., and later Roman writ- 
ers guessed 753 B.C. as the date of origin. According 
to Roman mythology, Romulus, for whom the city was 
named, was the founder and first ruler of the city. 

The early history of Rome indicates that war was 
almost constant. At first there were struggles with 
neighboring settlements for supremacy. During this 
time Rome was governed by kings until the end of the 
sixth century before Christ, when the monarchy was 
overthrown and the early Roman Republic was estab- 
lished, Following this were more wars with the Gauls, 
Etruscans, Semites and others until by 265 B.C. Rome 
had conquered, the area of what is now the nation of 

Roman imperialism did not stop, however, \</ith the 
acquisition of the Italian peninsula. Rome then began 
a series of struggles with other nations, beginning 
with Carthage, an important empire located on the 
northern coast of Africa. Rome and Carthage fought 
against each other in three separate wars between 26^ - 
and 146 B.C. These were known as the Punic Wars and 
involved Hannibal of Carthage, who became famous in 
history for his imrasion of Italy through the Alps; 


The end result of the clash between these two powers 
was the total destruction of G&rtha'ge and' the- acquisi- 
tion of all its ; territory by victorious -Rome* 

In 21.4 B.C. Hannibal made an alliance with -Philip V 
of Macedon, whtrin turn- was ; allied wlth-Antiochus .of 
Syria, with" the result that' K&me went to war* against - 
Greece and "Asia Mnor arid' "was^ -again victorious.- Thus^ 
by 146 B.C. Rome controlled^ almost the 'entire area 
surrounding the fcediterranean Sea-. 

' The century between 1 46 arid- 46- : B.C.-" was; a troubled 
one for" Rome, it has been' called the -period -of the *•. 
revolution, as the nation paid' the price of the vio- 
lence of the preceding generations. The r . wars of Rome 
had exacted a huge toll in the lives and fortunes .of 
her people, especially the small farmers, who were 
forced into military service.. Also, slave, labor was 
predominant and the small landowner could not compete 
with products produced by slavery; thus, farming be- 
came unprofitable. The'. Gracchi brothers, Tiberius and 
Gaius, attempted to enact* reforms to help the. poor, '* • 
and both lost their lives for their efforts. 

War continued for Rome, and soon military leaders 
came also to the head of the political government. 
The first of these was' Nanus, eTeeted consul in 107 
B.C. and followed by bulla,; appointed dictator in 86 
B.C. Pompey became famous for his conquest of Syria 
and Palestine, and Julius Caesar fought against the 
Gauls and won for Rome the area of what is now Belgium 
and France. - In -60 B.C. the first triumverate was 
formed — a coalition of Pompey, Caesar "and '.Grassus — to 
govern the Empire. These men were too ambitious to 
share the power-of governing, however, and:by*46 B.C., 
after three years of fighting Pompey' s forces, Caesar 
became dictator of Rome. 

Caesar ruled with f orce . and made a number of con- 
tributions to Rome, among them the revision of the 
calendar to 365 days. However, he failed to substan- 
tially reduce the huge distance between the wealthy 
and the poor. Also, he gave himself such absolute 
power that the old aristocracy feared he intended to 


make himself king, and on this charge he was assassi- 
nated in UU B.C. 

Following Caesar's death was another struggle for 
power. In A3 B.C. the second triumverate was formed, 
composed of Caesar's grandnephew, Octavian, and Mark 
Antony and Lepidus. By 31 B.C., after much conflict, 
Octavian emerged as sole ruler and in 27 B.C. was 
titled the Augustus and Imperator of Rome. He enacted 
many political reforms and also attempted to improve 
the morality of the people. Unlike some of his suc- 
cessors, he led a temperate life and sought a return 
to the ancient virtues. He encouraged building, and 
architecture and sculpture flourished. Ruins of some 
of these buildings still stand today. 

Augustus began a new era in Roman history called 
the Principate, and his rule continued until 14 A.D. 
Thus, he was the ruler of Rome when Jesus was born In 
Bethlehem (see Luke 2:1 ). 

Information from the Bible, Encyclop aedi a 
SEiSSSBiS&5 anci Wester n Ciy^izatlons ? by Edward Burns. 

— Dorothy Moore 

Modesto, California 


We desire to express our heart-felt thanks and 
appreciation for all the prayers, cards and money, 
letters and visits from our loved ones, friends and 
neighbors while in the hospital. We are grateful 
for your continuing prayers. We pray that God will 
richly bless each and every one of you. 

' In Christian love, 

' Elmer and Rosa Brovont 

• / BIRTH 

MOORE - A ; daughter, Barbara Michelle, born August 26 
to Kenneth and Doris Moore of Hughson, California. 


At times together we break .bread; 
We do not know what lies' ahead. 
But there was' One who long ago 
Knew what He soon must undergo. 

How sad, yet brave, did He appear 5-" ' '" ....... 

For others welfare was His -fearV '"■ ' 

His loved ones could not comprehend 

What they were' told by this dear Friend,. ■;- 

To sad Gethmane they went 
And there a night in prayer was spent. 
His heart with such deep, grief was filled 
That bloody sweat from Jesus spilled. 

Nearby, while His disciples slept, 
Jesus, for sin with. sorrow wept . 
He felt the sin pf all the' ! wd-rld-, 
And Satan* s darts" at 'Him' were hurled. ■'■ 

And when betrayed and,.>mocked and scorned, 

Forgiving, love; .His heart, adorned. 

Not of Himself or suffering great 

He thought — for others was His weight. 

By cruel hate and enmity ; : 
The Lord was naiLed: upon" the : tree , ' - ■ ' '*•'' 
There deepest su'ffering arid*" pain " - " : "■' 
He bore in -love' ."for others ! gain. 

In deepest pangs without, within, 
He suffered, bled and died for .sin. 
Not of His own, but others* guilt 
For everyone His blood was spilt. 

Ahl pause, my soul, and see how well 

He bore such grief that tongue can't tell. 

He felt and suffered human woe; 

Well does He all our feelings know. 

When trials come, then may we feel 
His understanding presence. real; 
Remembering others in their need, 
For them, as well as ourselves, plead, 

Miriam Sauder, Lancaster, Pennsylvania 



The young Christian we will describe this time 
was first found by Paul at Lystra. His mother and 
grandmother were Jewish women who believed and were 
faithful. His father was a Greek. He was well re- 
ported of by the brethren at Lystra and Iconium. 
Paul wanted to take this young man with him, so he 
accompanied Paul on his second journey as he and 
Silas went from town to town encouraging the Chris- 
tians and preaching about Jesus, Paul's helpers 
were not always together. Sometimes they divided 
and preached in different areas. It appears that 
this young man helped in the work until Paul was 
arrested. Even after Paul's arrest this man was 
with him at Rome. He helped in the writing of some 
of Paul's epistles. He became bishop of the Church 
at Ephesus where so many had turned to Christ. 
It seems that he was not always in good health, but 
in spite of this, was a very useful man. Paul sent 
him two letters that are now a part of the Bible and 
are called by his name. 

Who was this' man? 

Find one spelling of his name in Acts 16:1-3 and 
another in the first blank below. 

l.»0 y keep that which is committed to 

thy trust..." (I Timothy 6:20) 

2. "Let no man despise thy ; but be thou 

an example of the , in word, in, con- 
versation, in charity, in spirit, in , in 

purity." (I Timothy 4:12) 

3. "And that from a child thou hast known the holy 
scriptures, which are able to make thee 

unto salvation through faith which is in Christ 
Jesus. » (II Timothy 3:15) — L.C* 



VOL. 23 SEPTEMBER, 1976 NO. 9 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Awake I How can we sleep 

When souls. are bound in sin? 

Should we not pray and weep 

That they might freedom win? 

Where are concern, and tears, and prayer? 

How do the lost knew that we care? 

Awake I In earnest pray, 

First- search each our own heart. 

Upon the altar lay 

Cnrselves; from sin depart. 

For only when we ! re free from sin 

Can we a soul for Jesus win. 

Awake I Our time employ 

In sincere prayer and praise, 

That we might share the joy 

Of walking in His ways. 

Our apathy through prayer dispel, 

Let love to serve Him us impel. 

— Miriam J. Saucier 

Lancaster, Pennsylvania 

"THE FML-GRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


In the second Epistle of Paul to Timothy (3:1) he 
tells us "This know also, that in the last days peril- 
ous times shall come." Webster defines peril as "ex- 
posure to danger, jeopardy, hazard. " Surely we can 
see we are facing such times now. We believe there 
never before was known a time when there was so much 
violence and crime in the western world as we have to- 
day, and it is rapidly getting worse ♦ When we consid- 
er the boundless strife that is besetting us, it be- 
comes us to be really on pur guard. What terrible 
conditions some may have to endure we do not know. 
God allows us to know only what He chooses. The trend 
is so far removed from what it was fifty years ago. 
How we wish that our young people could see the change 
that is taking place. There never was a time when 
there were so many Christian professing fraternities 
as we have now, and we know they can't all be right. 
II Timothy 3:1 3: "But evil men and seducers shall wax 
worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived." 

It has been said "The further we can see back, the 
further we can see into the future." This could mean 
"the older we are, or the more contact we have had 
with the past by our association with old people." I 
have upon several occasions noted how circumstances 
presented themselves in such an obvious way that we 
wondered afterward why we couldn't have seen- what was 
coming. For any who like myself might have better 
hindsight than foresight, let us note some of Paul's 
prophecies of the last days. 

"Covetousness." Webster calis it "greedy, inordi- 
nately desirous." How far-reaching can this go in the 
lives of professing Christians before we know it? The 
adversary has ways of making some of us desirous of 


things that may not really be essential, could even 
be harmful to us. The word of God says, "Let your 
conversation be without covet ousness; and be content 
with such things as ye have ..." (Hebrews 13:5) Yet 
we strive to accumulate more and more of this world's 
goods. Covetousness is probably one of the slyest 
ways that the adversary has to gain entrance into our 
lives. One poet put it so nicely: 

From vanity turn off my eyes, 

Let no corrupt design, 
Nor covetous desires arise 

Within this soul of mine. 


"Disobedient to parents." We have to accept it 
that Paul made reference in this verse to adults, say- 
ing "For men shall be." Those of us who were raised 
so strictly a few decades ago were made to appreciate, 
our parents — were delighted to obey and please them, 
not only while we were children, but we would not want 
to do anything that would grieve or burden our parents 
as long as they lived. I felt that it was most prof- 
itable for me that I could have my parents live close 
by until they passed away. I was able to continually 
solicit their opinion in about everything I went to 
do, being 40 when my father was called away. I felt 
that I would be unable to carry en without him. That 
is now nearly 30 years ago. Can we not see a "falling 
away" here? We seem to be living in an age now where 
there is apparently less and less need for the old 
folks. Young folks are no longer so delighted to 
please, honour and obey their parents if it involves 
a sacrifice. Covetousness is running so rampant that 
some can justify themselves in doing about as they 
please with little or no regard for their parents 1 
wishes. It may be difficult to determine what per- 
centage of our society falls Into this category to- 
day, but suffice it to say that Paul could foresee 
that there would be a falling away here in the last 
days. We can see more and more where children are 
disobedient to parents. 


"Unthankful." The word of God says we should be 
thankful for everything. True, the most of us want 
to be thankful for the many unmerited blessings we 
constantly enjoy. It is probably when we meet revers- 
es that our thankfulness is brought to test. Are we 
as thankful then as we should be for the blessings 
that remain? Do we really know how to be truly thank- 
ful without having to endure some real hardships? 
Some of us have seen times that required much more 
than a 4-0 hour work week to supply our needs and to 
keep abreast with our responsibilities — have endured 
almost more physical strain at times than our bodies 
could stand. How can people wjuo know nothing else but 
our present luxurious age really and truly know how to 
be thankful for the privileges they are enjoying? 
Some people have endured physical suffering. Some 
have suffered severe losses in other ways. True, God 
has a purpose in all our afflictions. But do we not 
rather profit more from our reverses than by our suc- 
cesses? I once knew a woman who had such an abundance 
of this world's goods that she made the remark that 
she had lack of notning. BUT . . . alas, the tragic 
time came when she realized that she was stricken with 
cancer and had made no provision for her life here- 

How vain a toy is glittering wealth 
If once compared to Thee, 

Of what's my safety or my health, 
Or all my friends to me? 

"Lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God." 
This too is becoming more and more pronounced in the 
western world* Again, we hear multitudes say that 
they are living only once, they want to enjoy them- 
selves as much as they can. Can we not rather find 
real enjoyment in earnestly endeavoring to live a life 
that would be acceptable to the "Judge of all the 
Earth?" Truly, pleasure seeking seems to be foremost 
in people's lives to-day. It has almost become a god 
to them. Being creatures of choice, we can choose 
what kind of pleasure we want. As the "Preacher" said, 


Ecclesiastes 11 :9, "Rejoice, young man, in thy youth; 
and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, 
and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight 
of thine eyes: but know thou, that for all these 
things God will bring thee into judgment.' 1 

Do we not see world conditions rapidly becoming 
more and more difficult? Much as we may regret to see 
it, it appears that some world powers can no longer be 
trusted by their pledges* Their policy is "The end 
justifies the means. 1 ' I greatly fear that the rulers, 
of our land do no longer have the regard for the 
rights of minority groups that they once had. However, 
we still have the consolation that He will never leave 
nor forsake His people. Christ warns us in Mark 1 3 i 22, 
"For false Christs and false prophets shall rise, and 
shall shew signs and wonders, to seduce, if it were 
possible, even the elect." 

"Watch ye therefore: for ye know not when the mas- 
ter of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, or 
at the cockcrowing, or in the morning: Lest coming ■ 
suddenly he find you sleeping. And what I say unto 
you I say unto all, Watch." (Mark 13:35-37) 

— Amos Baker 
Maple Ontario 


I saw the sunrise' touch the leaves of green 
And waken day upon the wooded hill; 
I saw the light creep down the deep ravine 
And every dark and shadowed crevice fill. 
How like God T s saving Truth I First but a gleam 
Of tender love it falls upon the heart, 
Then follows, ever growing, as a stream, 
Until it floods and fills our every parti 
No room for doubt or trembling fear remains I 
Salvation 1 s gate is opened from above I 
The way is clear to shed sin's crimson stainsl 
Ch, saving Truth! God 1 s precious gift of love! 

By Dan H. Reese 
Selected by Susie Wagner 



Most c£ bs as parents have seen our children come in 
covered with mud. We realize that once again they 
have been playing with water or in mud puddles or some 
other dirty place. They didn't mean to get muddy but 
they were just having fun playing in the mud. 

We have also seen those (or perhaps experienced it) 
who, in the course of a day of hard, dirty work, be- 
come so grimy they are hardly recognizable. They 
don ! t aim to get dirty. In fact, many of those in 
this kind of work are the cleanest of any when at home. 
But in their type of work they just cannot keep clean. 

And then we meet some who are well-dressed, clean 
and well-groomed. But as we talk with them we realize 
that their speech is foul and profane and their atti- 
tudes careless. Perhaps they don't intend to talk 
bad, but because of the condition of their hearts they 
cannot avoid it. Jesus said of the evil men of that 
time "0 generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, 
speak good things? for out of the abundance of the 
heart the mouth speaketh. " (Matthew 12:34-) 

Of these three cases, the ones who appeared so 
clean were really the dirty ones. 

Personal appearance and cleanliness are important. 
But according to Jesus our Lord, there is something 
more important, and that is to have pure hearts. 

The Jewish law contained a number of directions for 
washing and purification — especially for the priests. 
But when Jesus came, He found that much more had been 
added in the form of traditional washings. Jesus 
didn't follow the added traditions that sometimes hin- 
dered the spirit of the law. So the Pharisees found 
fault with the disciples of Jesus because they did not 
always wash their hands before they ate. They asked 
Jesus, "Why walk not thy disciples according to the 
tradition of the elders, but eat bread with unwashen 
hands?" Jesus answered them, "Well hath Esaias proph- 
esied of you hypocrites, as it is written, This people 
honoureth me with their lips, but their heart is far 


from me. Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching 
for doctrines the commandments of men. For laying a- 
side the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of 
men, as the washing of pots and cups: and many other 
such like things ye do. And he said unto them, Full 
well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may- 
keep your own tradition." He then gave them an exam- 
ple of how they were rejecting God's commandment by 
allowing a man to dishonour his father and mother, 
making excuse by their traditions. The account con- 
tinues, "And when he had called all the people unto 
him, he said unto them, hearken unto me every one of 
you, and understand: There is nothing from without a 
man, that entering into him can defile him: but the 
things which come out of him, those are they that de- 
file the man." (See hark 7:5-15) 

Later Jesus explained that what went into a per- 
son's mouth would simply pass through and not enter 
into his heart. Whether his hands were dirty or clean 
would not really matter because it could not foul his 
heart. But He warned, "That which cometh out of the 
man, that defileth the man. For from within, out of 
the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, 
fornications, murders, Thefts, covetousness, wicked- 
ness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, 
pride, foolishness: All these evil things come from 
within, and defile the man." (Mark 7:20-23) 

Leprosy was one of the most dreaded diseases, and 
under the law, lepers were unclean. In fact, they 
were required to live out away from the rest. "And 
the leper in whom the plague is, his clothes shall be 
rent, and his head bare, and he shall put a covering 
upon his upper lip, and shall cry, Unclean, unclean. " 
(Leviticus 13:4-5) They were separated from the con- 
gregation because of the contagious character of the 
disease. It slowly consumes the body until the leper 
finally dies. What a blessed relief it must have been, 
then, for the leper who came to Jesus "and worshipped 
him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me 
clean. And Jesus put forth his hand, and touched him, 


saying, I will; be thou clean. And immediately his 
leprosy was cleansed." (Matthew 8:2-40 

The uncleanness of the heart is still greater than 
leprosy in the body. Jesus can cleanse sinful hearts 
the same way He healed the leper. Ananias told the 
blinded and humbled Saul, "And now why tarriest thou? 
arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, call- 
ing on the name of the Lord." (Acts 22:16) 
• All have been defiled by sin. Therefore all need 
the cleansing of God. All need the blood of Jesus 
Christ. It isn't that we have to sin. But we all 
through weakness have yielded to the ever- persistent 
tempter. And sin also progresses and consumes and 
kills the sinner. But thanks be to God for "the foun- 
tain filled with blood drawn from Emmanuel's veins." 
The prophet Zechariah (13:1) had written these words; 
"In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the 
house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for 
sin and for uncleanness." 

It is a fact that one cannot work in dust and dirt 
without getting dirty. You can't repair an engine 
without getting greasy. And a child can't play in the 
mud and stay clean. Neither can one who associates 
intimately with the world keep from acquiring worldly 
ways. By walking into temptation we can become dirty 
and defiled inwardly. This is where we take on the 
inner defilements that come out as vile speech, care- 
less attitudes and bad habits and conduct. 

No one needs to remain defiled and dirty inside or 
outside. Jesus is ready to forgive and cleanse all 
those who come to Him. "If we confess our sins, he is 
faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to 
cleanse us from all unrighteousness." (I John 1:9) 
". . . Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your 
hearts, ye double minded." (James A: 8) "Who shall as- 
cend into the hill of the lord? or who shall stand in 
his holy place? He that hath clean hands, and a pure 
heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, 
nor sworn deceitfully. He shall receive the blessing 
from the Lord, and righteousness from the God of his 
salvation." (Psalm 24:3-5 ) -- L.C. 



parables of jesus 
the parable of the ten virgins 

Matthew 25:1-13 

I This parable was among the many teachings of Jesus 

after He departed from the temple and sat upon the 
Mount of Olives. The disciples asked Him privately to 
tell them how they would know the signs of His second 
coming and when the end of the world would be. 
(Matthew 24*1-3) 

Jesus gave them many signs and warned them of many 
things to look for that would help them to understand, 
and pass on to others, why they should be ready at all 
times to meet the Lord when the time is finished on 

The ten virgins can very well illustrate that- every- 
one will not be completely prepared to meet the Bride- 
groom (the Lord) when He comes to take us to heaven. 

All ten virgins waited for the Bridegroom in the 
exact same way. When He came, five awoke and realized 
they were not ready for Him as they had thought. They 
could not go with their lamps not lit. Today, as we 
live in this sinful world, our lamps must be lit and 
trimmed at all times-- as lights to others. When the 
Lord comes there will then be no more opportunity to 
obtain this precious oil of preparation. 

The lesson is this: NOW is the time to prepare to 
meet the Lord when ne comes, or it will be too late. 
As the parable reads in verses 11 and 12, "Afteraard 
came also the other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open 
to us. But he answered and said, Verily 1 say unto 
you, I know you not." 

Verse 13 sums it up as a warning to all people to- 
day— "Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor 
the hour wherein the Son of man cometh." 

— Charles Miller 
MiWuk, California 


'Tear not ye, neither be dismayed . . , for the 
battle is not yours, but God's, n (II Chronicles 2CH15) 

Fight to "get" the victory, and you have lost the 
battle at the very outset. Your discomfiture as a 
Christian starts the very moment you begin to reckon 
that "you" must win. Suppose Satan sets out to as- 
sault you in your home or in your business or in your 
school. Difficulties mount up, misunderstandings a- 
rise, a situation you can neither deal with nor escape 
threatens to overwhelm you. You pray, you fast, you 
struggle and resist for days, but nothing happens. 
Why?. You are trying to fight "into" victory, and in 
doing so are relinquishing the very ground that is 
yours. For in the person of Jesus Christ God has al- 
ready conquered. Victory is ours "because it is His." 
He has given us His victory to hold. Satan is a de- 
feated foe. It needs but a breath from the lord to 
finish him off, and here you are trying to raise a 
hurricane! What then is the secret? Simply look up 
and praise Him. "Thy victory, Lord, is all-inclusive. 
I praisb Thee it covers this situation too!" Then be 
at rest in a triumph already secured for you by God, 

Doubt sees the obstacle, 

Faith sees the way. 

Doubt sees a long dark night, 

Faith sees the day; 

Doubt dreads to take a step, 

Faith soars on high; 

Doubt thunders, "Who believes?" 

Faith answers, "I". 

Selected by Janice Royer 
from The Golden Chain 

I can do all things through Christ which strengthen- 
etb me ' PMlippians 4:13 


I have a friend so precious , 

So very dear to me; 
He loves me with such tender love, 

He loves so faithfully; 
I could not live apart from Him, 

I love to feel Him nigh, 
And so we dwell together, 

My Lord and I. 

Sometimes I'm faint and weary; 

He knows that I am weak, 
And as He bids me lean on Him, 

His help I gladly seek. 
He leads me in the paths of light 

Beneath a sunny sky, 
And so we walk together, 

My Lord and I. 

I tell Him all my sorrows, 

I tell Him all my joys. 
I tell Him all that pleases me; 

I tell Him what annoys. 
He tells me what I ought to do, 

Tells of His rich supply, 
And so we talk together, 

My Lord and I. 

He knows how I am longing 

Some weary soul to win, 
And so He bids me go and speak 

A loving word for Him. 
He bids me tell His wondrous love, 

And why He came to die; 
And so we walk together, 

My Lord and I. 

He tells me of His Kingdom; 

It is not far away; 
And ch, His heart is longing 
To take me there some day. 
Immortal bliss is waiting, 
And joys that never die; 
Soon there will reign together, 
My Lord and I. 
Words of a hymn sung in the rocks and caves of France 
during the fierce persecution of the Huguenots more than 
350 years ago. — Selected by Elsie Wolf 



Part II 

The reign of Augustus ushered in an era of prosper- 
ity for the Roman Empire which lasted about two hun- 
dred years. Trade was expanded to all the known world, 
agriculture flourished, and manufacturing increased. 
However, this prosperity was confined almost exclusive- 
ly to the upper classes. 

Augustus preferred the title of Prince ps, or first 
citizen of the State. Thus, the years of his rule and 
those of his successors are termed the period of the 
Principate, or early Empire; this endured until 284- 
A.D. Unfortunately j many of the rulers who followed 
Augustus were incapable and unenlightened. Several 
were brutal tyrants whose interests were anything but 
good government. 

During this time signs pointing to eventual decline 
of the Empire were appearing. One of these was moral 
decay. The divorce rate, especially among the upper 
classes, was extremely high; crimes of violence were 
increasing j and the passion of the mob for cruelty 
exceeded anything known in the past. Extremely pop- 
ular were gladiatorial combats in arenas such as the 
Colosseum (built by Vespabian about 75 A.D. with a 
capacity of 65,000). There gladiators often fought to 
the death, and Christians were thrown to wild beasts 
for the amusement of the crowds. 

Conversely, many people turned again to religion. 
Mithraism, an ancient Persian belief, became very pop- 
ular, but it was superseded in the first century A,D. 
by Christianity. While the Empire was generally tol- 
erant regarding new religions, it inevitably came into 
conflict with Christianity, whose members worshipped 
Christ exclusively. Rome, of course, insisted that 
the Empire had first claim on its' people and also re- 
quired Emperor worship at times, and there the con- 
flict began. 


For some time there was no systematic persecution 
of Christians throughout the Empire, but many suffered 
in Rome. In 64 A.D. Nero, then emperor, set fire to 
Rome and, using the Christians as a scapegoat, con- 
demned many to death. It is thought that both the 
Apostles Paul and Peter lost their lives during this 

Several emperors persecuted the Christians to some 
extent, among them Domitian, Trajan, Hadrian, 
Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius, Septimus Severus, and 
Maximum. (It should be noted that some of these men 
would possibly not have been involved in persecution 
except that they felt it necessary to uphold the laws 
of the Empire.) Decius and Valerian (249-260 A.D.) 
were both determined to exterminate all Christians. 
The last Imperial persecution, by Diocletian (284- 
305), was the most severe. It is difficult to imagine 
the cruelty of these Romans as they hunted their fel- 
low men like animals and tortured them to death in 
numerous ways. Yet the Christians endured, by their 
faith and trust in God, the worst their tormentors 
thrust upon them. 

During the time of these persecutions, although 
many of its members were killed, the young Christian 
Church flourished. Many people in Rome, driven to 
hide for their lives, went underground to live in the 
catacombs. These were originally sandpits, extensive 
channels which had been dug under the earth to obtain 
sand for building purposes. The catacombs, were en- 
larged and used effectively by Christians for many 
years j there they lived, worshipped, and buried their 
dead. Sixty catacombs have been discovered, with a 
combined area of nearly six hundred miles and where 
about six million Christians and Jews had been buried. 

The years between 284 and 476 A.D. have teen called 
the period of the late Empire. This began with the 
rule of Diocletian, when all pretense of a constitu- 
tional government was dropped and the emperor was the 
absolute sovereign. Diocletian was followed by 
Constantine I (306-337), who was known as Constantine 


the Great. This ruler was famous for his toleration 
of the Christian religion; in 313 he gave Christianity 
an equal status with other religions and thus ended 
the policy of persecution. He was also known for es- 
tablishing Constantinople (built on the site of an- 
cient Byzantium) as his capital, thus opening a way 
for an eventual split of the Empire. The split oc- 
curred in 364- A.D.' with the result that there were 
emperors in both Rome and Constantinople. Theodosius 
(382-395) united the East and West briefly, but at his 
death the Empire was divided again between his two 

Meanwhile the barbarians all along the frontiers of 
the Empire had been causing trouble sporadically for 
centuries, and as time went on their strength in- 
creased. Finally, in 4-76 A.D. the last emperor of 
Rome, Romulus Augustulus, was dethroned, and a bar- 
barian chieftain was named the King of Rome. Although 
Roman civilization had been disintegrating for two 
hundred years, this event officially ended the exist- 
ence of the great Roman Empire. 

Information from the Bible, Halle ^l.s Bible Handbook 
Encyclopae dia Brittanica . and Western Ci vilizations , 
by Edward Burns. "~~ ~ -Dorothy Mo~ore~" 

Modesto, California 


We, the members of the Old Brethren in Canada, Ohio 
and Indiana have chosen October 2 & 3 for a Communion 
Service at the Wakarusa meeting house. We extend a 
hearty invitation to the members and friends to be 
with us en this occasion. 

— Elmer Brovcnt 

The Salida Congregation of the Old Brethren Church 
have agreed, the Lord willing, to hold our fall Love- 
feast on October 16 & 17. A hearty invitation and 
welcome is extended to all of our members and friends 
to attend. -Daniel F. Wolf 



I need not envy any man; 

No one has more than I, 
For everything of His is mine 

In earth or sea or sky. 

What of men's stores of wealth and gold. 

Their false security? 
All crumbling into dust, when I 

Am safe eternally. 

Though others walk in silk and furs 

And scorn my shabby dress, 
Unseen by them, I wear the robe 

Of His own righteousness I 

What though they live in palaces? 

Beyond the blue there stands 
A mansion lovelier than dreams 

One built by His own hands I 

If they could only realize, 

If they could only see 
The riches which I have in Him 

Then they would envy me. 

By Martha Snell Nicholson. Selected by Alma Garber 


Light after darkness, gain after loss, 
Strength after weakness, crown after cross; 
Sweet after bitter, hope after fears, 
Home after wandering, praise after tears. 

Sheaves after sowing, sun after rain, 
Sight after mystery, peace after pain; 
. Jcy after sorrow, calm after blast, 

Rest after weariness, sweet rest at last. 

Near after distant, gleam after gloom, 
Love after loneliness, life after tomb; 
After long agony, rapture of bliss, 
Right was the pathway, leading to this.. 

By Frances Havergal. Selected by Leona Miller 



School time is here again. Slimmer is nearly over. 
The leaves will soon be falling, and before long the 
little animals will begin their winter rest. Here 
are some things to think about, children, as you begin 
another school term; 

1. Be kind to the other students. This is the 
way you would like to be treated. 

2. Be respectful and obedient to your teachers. 
They want to help you learn. 

3. Study to be quiet. This is not easy, but it is 
what the apostle Paul wrote in I Thessalonians 4:11. 
It will help your teacher and the other students. 

4. If someone does wrong to you, do something nice 
in return. This is a big order for anyone — even your 
parents. But Jesus says to " . , . resist not evil: but 
whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn 
to him the other also." (Matthew 5:39) And Paul 
writes to the Romans to "...overcome evil with good." 
(Romans 12x21) 

5. Remember that you belong to Jesus. Jesus calls 
us His sheep and His lambs, and He is the good 
Shepherd. He takes care of you. 

6. Don T t think you are better than other children. 
If you have been taught about Jesus/ then you have 
this advantage and you are more responsible, but you 
are not better. 

7. Be thankful that you have a school. To go to 
school is a privilege many in .the past have not had. 

8. Be careful of school property. It is expensive 

to replace. 

9. Do your best in your studies, but don't try to 
beat someone else. It is more important to do your 
best and please God than to be at the top of the class* 


VOL, 23 OCTOBER, 1976 NO. 10 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 

LET US THEREFORE FEAR... —Hebrews 4x1 

I have a fear within my heart 

Of missing Heaven ever. 
And from my Lcrd forever part, 

And every tie to sever. 

What I part with Him who leads the way 

Away from sin and sorrow 
And comforts me from day to day 

And gives me hope tomorrow? 

But flesh is weak to go astray 

And wander from His keeping; 
Fulfill desire to frisk and play 

In time of serious reaping. 

Temptations come to fill the mind 

With things of evil doing. 
And many times we come to find 

A thought of evil brewing. 

keep me, Lord, close unto Thee 
In these wild tempests blowing 

That in the Guide Book I may see 
My Guide and Pilot knowing. 

I ! m safe with Thee; keep me near 

To follow Thee forever. 
Then stormy times I need not fear 

When safe across the river* 

— J. I, Cover, October 9, 1971 

"THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel P. Wolf. 


"Surely the Lord God will do nothing, but he re- 
vealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets." 
(Amos 3:7) 

This text shows the unique position and high esteem 
which the Hebrew prophets had in the mind of God with 
regard to His Old Testament people, and of His on- 
going purpose of redemption and salvation for fallen 
humanity in and through the Lord Jesus Christ. 

The main body -of the prophets whose writings we 
have in the Old Testament were called into service 
after the kingdom of Israel was divided, and when both 
the northern and southern parts were seriously apos- 
tatizing and falling into idolatry, which was about 
two hundred years before they were both taken into 
captivity by Assyria and Babylon. It might be said 
of the prophets that they were the preachers of the 
Old Testament era. Their mission was to tell the peo- 
ple of their sins and try to turn them back to the 
true service of the Lord, ana to warn of impending 
judgments if they did not repent, and at the same time 
to hold before them the prospect of a glorious future 
restoration through a great Messiah Prince whom the 
Lord would some time raise up of their own nation of 
the family of David. 

We are accustomed to thinking of Isaiah as the 
first of the Old Testament prophets because the book 
which bears his name is first in order of arrangement 
in our Bibles. But some of tlie so-called minor proph- 
ets were probably one hundred years before Isaiah's 

There were many other prophets than those whose 
writings are recorded in our Bibles and some far more 
ancient. Some of them were sent on only a single mis- 
sion and nothing- more is known of 'them: as Micaiah in 
the time of Ahab, ■ king of Israel, and Jahaziel who 


encouraged Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, to go into the 
battle singing, and Azariah who prophesied against Asa, 
king of Judah. Also there was Jonah who was sent to 
prophesy against Nineveh, and others whose names we 
do not have, as the prophet out of Judah who was sent 
to cry against the altar at Bethel. 

In the first chapter of Luke, when Zachariah, the 
father of John the Baptist, was moved by the Holy 
Ghost to prophesy concerning John, he said "Blessed be 
the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and re- 
deemed his people . . . as he spake by the mouth of 
BEGAN." We may think of Enoch, "the seventh from 
Adam," as being the most ancient of the known proph- 
ets, for we read in the epistle of Jude where he says 
that Enoch prophesied of God's Judgments upon the 
wicked and ungodly (possibly of his own time) and far 
down into the future to the coming of the Lord to ex- 
ecute judgment upon the wicked. 

Moses, who lived about 1500 B.C., was also a proph- 
et and prophesied of the coming of Jesus the Messiah, 
"For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet 
shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your 
brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all 
things whatsoever he shall say unto you . . . Yea, and 
all the prophets from Samuel and those that follow 
after, as many as have spoken, have likewise foretold 
of these days." (Acts 3:22-24) In this third chapter 
of Acts the apostle Peter is citing the testimony of 
the prophets for proof that Jesus is the promised 
Messiah, and the work they were doing in His name was 
foreseen and foretold by the prophets: "But those 
things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of 
all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath 
so fulfilled." (verse 18) 

It is commonly understood that Moses wrote the 
first five books of the Old Testament called the 
Pentateuch. But the first several chapters of Genesis 
may well have been written before the flood and car- 
ried by Noah and his sons through the flood and even- 
tually delivered to Moses and compiled by him into the 


first book of the Bible as we have it today. This is 
altogether possible when we take into consideration 
the fact that Enoch and Methuselah were over 200 years 
•contemporary. with Adam. And Shem, who was contempora- 
ry with Methuselah, came through the flood and lived 
throughout the. entire, lifetime of Abraham and contin- 
ued for fifty years contemporary with Jacob. 

: There should be no question with us regarding man's 
ability to write and make .records from the very first. 
For if God created Adam in His own image, it would be 
the most reasonable thing that could be that He would 
teach him a language to communicate with his Maker. 
And if God willed that succeeding generations should 
have a record of their origin, it would only be reason- 
able that He would teach Adam and his posterity how to 
write and record what was done. This could explain 
why the style of the first several chapters of our 
Bible differ somewhat from the rest of the writings of 

Our interest in this subject is this: In what way, 
if any, do the Old Testament prophecies relate to us 
and our time? We believe the New Testament writers to 
be the authorized and inspired interpreters of the Old 
Testament prophecies. And they abound with quotations 
from the Old Testament concerning Jesus and his mis- 
sion in the world—from before His birth; of His min- 
istry; His suffering; His death and resurrection, and 
of His coming to the earth again in glory. 

Jesus said to the two on the road to Eoimaus, "G 
fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the 
prophets have spoken: Ought not Christ to have suf- 
fered these things, and to enter into his glory? And 
beginning at looses and all the prophets, he expounded 
unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning 
himself." (Luke 24:25-27) 

It is said by some that the Old Testament prophets 
were "silent concerning the church age." But we know 
they prophesied of the Holy Spirit age, because Peter 
said to the multitude on the day of Pentecost that 
what they were witnessing was "that which was spoken 
by the prophet Joel." And we know that they prophesied 


of the Gospel age, because the apostle Paul says in 
Romans 1:1,2, "Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called 
to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, 
(which he had promised afore by the prophets in the 
holy scriptures.)" We know that the prophets spoke of 
the age of Grace, because it is said in I Peter 1:10- 
12, "... Of which salvation the prophets have in- 
quired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the 
grace that should come unto you: searching what, or 
what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in 
them did signify, when it testified beforehand the 
sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. 
Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, 


I sought and He has answered 

In love that knows no bound. 

I knocked; the door was opened, 

And calm and peace I found. 

I felt my need; I asked Him 

And saving power received. 

I touched the outstretched scepter, 

Found grace, when I believed. 

— hi r I am Sauder 

Lancaster, Pennsylvania 

but unto us they did minister the things, which are 
now reported unto you by them that have preached the 
gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from 
heaven; which things the angels desire to look into." 

In the fourth chapter of Galatians the apostle Paul 
quotes from the 54th chapter of Isaiah, where an un- 
married woman is suddenly surrounded by an enormous 
family of children, of which there had been no travail 
of birth, having many more children than the "married 
wife". And he Interprets this prophecy as being an 
"allegory" to describe the New Covenant children of 
God, children of "Promise", begotten in Christ Jesus 
by the Spirit. This prophecy began to have its 


fulfillment on the day of Pentecost when three thou- 
sand souls joined the New Born Church of Christ. And 
we are told that the Lord added to the "Church" daily- 
such as should be saved. Soon others joined, and soon 
we read of five thousand being together in Solomon's 

In the 15th chapter of the Acts (probably 20 years 
after Pentecost), when the apostles had come to a de- 
cision regarding receiving Gentiles into the Church, 
they had listened to the Holy Ghost and also cited the 
"prophets" for authority for what they were doing, for 
they said, "And to this agree the words of the prophr- 
ets; as it is written, After this I will return, and 
will build again the tabernacle of David, which is 
fallen down; and I will build again the ruiris thereof, 
•and I -will set it up; That the residue of men might 
seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom 
my name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these 
things." The apostle Paul told king Agrippa (Acts 26: 
22,23) that he was preaching "none other things than 
those which the prophets and Moses did say should 
come: That Christ should suffer, and that he should 
be the first that should rise from the dead, and 
should show light unto the people, and to the Gentiles/ 1 

Lastly, Paul says in Romans 15:9-16, "As it is 
written, For this cause 1 will confess to thee among 
the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name. And again he 
saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people. And 
again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him, 
■all ye people,. And again, Esaias saith, There shall 
be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign 
over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust 
. . . That I should be the minister of Jesus -Christ 
to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that 
the of fe ring up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, 
being sanctified by the Holy Ghost." 

From all these scriptures, and many others which 
could be cited, we conclude just like the text said.: 
The" Lord did reveal His secrets unto His servants the 
prophets, including His Eternal purposes to redeem 
mankind from the Fall and purchase for Himself a 


people to inherit eternal life In perpetual fellowship 
with Himself and Jesus Christ and all holy beings. 
And though the prophets may not have always fully un- 
derstood the meaning of all their prophecies, they 
prophesied abundantly of the Old Testament preparation 
age, and of the New Testament fulfillment age, and of 
the ultimate consummation and eternal age that is to 
be brought into fulfillment at the second coming of 
our Lord Jesus Christ when He comes to earth again in 
glory. As one writer has said, n We are the goal- 
people, who fit into the eternal purposes of Him who 
created us and who regenerated us by the work of 
Ghrist. The Old Testament Scriptures are ours, just 
as they were Paul's, and the New Testament is the 
proper sequel to the Old Testament. The whole Bible 
has a marvelous unity as promise and fulfillment, as 
purpose and accomplishment, as shadow and substance, 
as type and antitype, as first covenant which is in- 
separable from the second covenant. Thank God for the 
Gospel of both the Testaments." 

— Daniel F. Wolf 
Modesto, California 

• ••For I knew whom I have believed... — II Timothy 1:12 

What wondrous blessings overflow 
When we can truly say n I know." 
I know In Whom I have believed, 
I know the One I have received, 
I know His blood avails for me, 
I know that I was blind, but see, 
I know that my Redeemer lives, 
I know the gift He freely gives, 
I know He'll keep me to the end, 
I knew He's my unfailing friend, 
I know He T s coming in the sky, 
I know the time is drawing nigh. 

By R. E. Neighbor Selected by Wayne Crawmer 



Matthew 24:32 and Luke 21:29-31 

Matthew 2^:32; "Now learn a parable of the fig 
tree j When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth 
leaves, ye know that summer is nigh." We feel that 
Jesus has used a natural illustration to explain a 
spiritual truth. This parable, we believe, refers to 
the second coming of Christ. As we read and study the 
scripture we feel this event is very near—maybe much 
nearer than we think. 

Jesus spoke to the people of His day and said, "Ye 
hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky and of 
the earth; but how is it that ye do not discern this 
time?" (Luke 12:56) Some of the things (and many more) 
that are happening in Israel are some of the signs — 
Israel becoming a nation and blossoming like a rose, 
and the Jews returning back as they have. When have 
we seen more violence, pestilences, earthquakes, 
drunkenness, marriage and remarriage and children ris- 
ing up against parents. And many more could be named. 
It also says, "But as the days of Koe were, so shall 
also the coming of the Son of man be." (Matthew 2^:37) 

Don ! t let ourselves be found taken up with the . 
cares and trends of this day and age, but let us hold 
fast the profession of our faith and let us consider 
one another to provoke unto love and to good works. 
And let us assemble ourselves together more often — 
speaking to. each other in psalms and hymns and spirit- 
ual songs and making melody in our hearts to the Lord. 

"Therefore be ye' also ready: for in such an hour as 
ye think not the Son of man cometh." Do we have on 
the wedding garment? Are we washed in the blood of 
the Lamb? 


— Herman Royer 
Nap pane e, Indiana 



The customer stood holding in his hand a large, 
odd-shaped light globe. It was a special mercury- 
vapor lamp from a "dawn to dusk 11 fixture that stood 
high on a pole to light his yard at night. It had 
burned out and he wanted a new one. When he learned 
that the store did not have a replacement, he told me 
this story. 

He said "This light may have saved a girl f s life." 
It was one dark night near his home in Ponderosa Hills, 
a subdivision in the brushy hills between Tuolumne and 
Twain Harte, California. A young girl was driving a 
pickup on the winding grade not far from his home. 
Something went wrong and her pickup left the road and 
plunged- over the edge into the darkness below. When 
the girl woke up all was dark. She had no idea where 
she was. She was bruised, battered and bloody but she 
could move. Only one thing looked good to her and 
that was a light some distance away. She thought to 
herself "I must reach that light because there must be 
someone there to help me." She started painfully mak- 
ing her way toward it, stumbling, crawling, crossing 
fences and boulders, but always keeping her eyes on 
that light. Brush tore at her face and the ruggedness 
of the terrain made her progress slow. $&ny times she 
fell but she finally arrived at the house of the man 
who told the story. 

In the middle of the night the man heard a knock on 
his door. There he. found a young girl covered with 
blood and badly in need of help. She had reached his 
lighted yard and he was able to take her to receive 
medical help. By retracing her route to his place he 
could see and marvel at the obstacles she had sur- 
mounted in her struggle to reach the light. 

I thought — how similar to the sinner in need of 
salvation. There shines Jesus— the light of the world. 
He is ready to help and direct those who wake up to 
their lost, helpless condition. The Light is there to 

§uide the wrecked, battered souls to Him and it never 
urns out. 


If you find yourself, dear reader, in this condi- 
tion (and we all need the Savior) look up and see the 
Light. Follow that Light. Don T t let any fence or 
valley or any obstacle hide that Light from view, but 
persist in coining to the Light where there is help — 
forgiveness for your sins and salvation for your soul. 

Jesus said, "I am the light of the world: he that 
followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall 
have the light of life." — L.C. 

The whole world was lost in the darkness of sin; 

The Light of the world is Jesus; 
Like sunshine at noonday His glory shone in, 
The Light of the world is Jesus. 

Come to the Light, 'tis shining for thee; 
Sweetly the light has dawned upon me, 
Once I was blind, but now I can see: 
The Light of the world is Jesus. 

—P. P. Bliss 


Winter is coming I. Everyone is talking about it. 
Newspapers display ads for tires, good roofs, Insul- 
ation and warm clothes before cold weather strikes. 
Fathers are anxious to gather a great supply of fire- 
wood. Mothers are rushing to fill every jar and load 
the freezer. Children are helping to prepare drxed 
fruits, nuts, beans, herbs and tea to be packed away 
just as the little squirrels are doing. We 1 11 be 
ready and happy when those fall rains begin and a 
chilly frost settles over everything. 

Jesus is coming I Wise men are preparing for this 
Great Day. Now is the time to accept God ! s atonement 
for us and confess our sins and send them on ahead, 
to be forgiven, so we can be fr§# when the Day comes I 
Let us tell the story of God's Great Love to us. It 
is urgent that more will answer The Call and be brought 
into the Fold while there is still opportunity. There 
may not be much more time to encourage our loved ones 
along the way to be faithful. "Even so, come, Lord 
Jesus." (Revelation 22:20) — Martha Cover 



A mighty roar vent up from 25,000 throats, rever- 
berated among the hills and carried far out over the 
sea. The crowd was assembled in the stadium of 
Ephesus for a special day of games and fights, of 
feasting and celebration, and of worship of the great 
Diana of the Ephesians. In the stadium all eyes were 
on the arena. Hard marble benches and the fierce sun- 
light were forgotten in the bloodthirsty excitement of 
the moment. Below, a huge tiger, kept confined and 
hungry for the occasion, was released from his cage. 
He paced around the enclosure in a snarling attempt 
to find a way of escape. 

From the opposite end of the stadium a gong soundec^ 
a small door opened and a nearly naked man appeared. 
He was young and strong and armed with a short sword 
which he gripped tightly but with obvious inexperience. 
His face showed the strain of a sleepless night. 
Though pale and frightened, his lips moved in prayer 
and he walked forward without hesitation. The tiger 
saw him and advanced growling. As he reached the 
trembling man, the huge cat crouched and leaped. The 
victim swung the sword and stepped aside diverting the 
spring of the beast. But he was no match for, the 
giant cat, and in a few- minutes it had torn him to 
death. Noise from the crowd became a chant: "Great 
is Diana of the Ephesians," repeated over and over in 
victory. This young man was a member of the hated 
Christians who taught against the ungodliness of the 
great city of Ephesus and the worship of their idol. 

Nearby in the magnificent temple of Diana, eunuch 
priests offered incense and sacrifices before the 
large idol Diana, believed to have fallen to earth 
from Jupiter. Such was the activity and worship of 
Ephesus in 60 A..D. 

Ephesus was situated at the mouth of the Cayster 
River on the coast of the Aegean Sea near what is now 


the village of Ayasoluk, Turkey. It was a beautiful 
city with gleaming marble buildings, artistic statuary 
and a cool sea breeze. Children ran in the streets 
and played, dodging between the piles of baskets and 
sandals, fruits and meats and the enclosed stalls of 
the silversmiths whose profit was in making and sell- 
ing images of the famous goddess. Overhead, shrieking 
gulls swooped in from the sea, searching for bits of 

Dominating the surrounding scene of activity and 
trade was the temple of Diana, or Artemis, whose size, 
workmanship and beauty made it one of the seven won- 
ders of the ancient world and the greatest of all 
Greek temples. It was made of blocks of marble weigh- 
ing tons apiece. The roof towered sixty feet high and 
rested on 128 marble pillars. The whole building cov- 
ered more than two city blocks. Though rebuilt four 
times, it had occupied the same spot for over eight 

Besides this, Ephesus was an important town with a 
population of 225,000. Ships brought in wares from the 
distant cities of Rome, Athens, Antioch and Corinth. 
Here began one of the main trade routes into Asia where 
caravans of stately camels carrying as much as 600 
pounds apiece moved the freight to the interior cities 
of laodicea, Colosse, and Antioch of Pisidia. 

It was to this thriving seacoast city that Paul, 
the apostle to the gentiles, arrived by boat in 54. 
A.D. Paul was a restless and tireless preacher, pass- 
ing through the cities of Asia making disciples of 
Christ wherever he went. In Ephesus he found twelve 
sincere men who were believers already. But Paul dis- 
covered they were somewhat ignorant of the way of the 
Lord. He asked them, "Have ye received the Holy Ghost 
since ye believed?" 

"We have not so much as heard whether there be any 
Holy Ghost," they admitted. 

"Unto what then were ye baptized?" Paul asked. 

They answered simply, "Unto John's baptism." 

Then Paul told them, "John baptized with the bap- 
tism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they 



should believe on him which should come after him, , ; 
that is, on Christ Jesus." 

When the twelve believers heard this they were bap- 
tized willingly in the name of the Lord Jesus. Then 
when Paul laid his hands on them the Holy Ghost came 
on- them and caused these men to speak other languages 
"and tell of things to come. The church of the 
Ephesians was born! 

This small church had trouble in store, for they 
were, as a child surrounded by wolves. They .began 
holding services in the Jewish synagogue and later in 

■ ■■./ „• • 

W\-y*^£l^~ -Philadelphia - % ■- - 

:^\ ^Athens 

1 - : •■■;■"--..>> .-'. '--fry. ■.>...- ,. .■•:.■.: ■■;■■■. .■■;.•'.-■ Vv. .-■'■ ■' - -*t'. . >■; - - ' : -..-^ -:■>-',-■'.'■ 

4'- Ahtioch 

Mediterranian Sea Damascus - 

the school of Tyrannus where they reasoned and taught 
daily for two years. From this small beginning the 
church grew and became a major influence in the city. 
Many repented, confessing their evil deeds. Even magi- 
cians and astrologers were converted so thoroughly 
that they .brought together their books of magic which 
they placed in a huge pile to burn publicly. Someone 
figured their value at 50,000 pieces of silver or a- 
bout $8,000. 

The whole city of Ephesus was shaken at this new 
movement to Christianity. So many were deserting the 
worship of Diana that a silversmith named Demetrius 


became alarmed. This man made silver shrines — linages 
of Diana--to sell to the people. He called a meeting 
of his fellow craftsmen and told them, "Sirs, ye know 
that by this craft we have our wealth. Moreover, ye 
see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost 
throughout all Asia, this Paul hath persuaded and 
turned away much people, saying that they be no gods, 
which are made with hands : So that not only this our 
craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that 
the temple of the great goddess Diana should be de- 
spised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom 
all Asia and the world worshippeth." (Acts 19:25-27) 

These men started a riot that affected much of the 
city. The people rushed to the theatre dragging with 
them Gaius and Aristarchus, two of Paul's companions. 
Alexander, an Ephesian believer, was also taken, but 
they could not make a defense because of the shouting 
of the people. For two hours they chanted, "Great is 
Diana of the Ephesians." Finally the townclerk 
quieted them and told them that whatever they did 
should be done lawfully. "If Demetrius and the 
craftsmen have anything against these people, let them 
take it to the deputies in a lawful manner." So he 
dismissed the assembly. 

After the riot, Paul left for Macedonia. But the 
work he started in Ephesus could not be stopped even 
by persecution and the beasts in the arena. Ephesus 
soon became the center of Christianity in Asia. 
Timothy and the apostle John were among the bishops of 
the church. Eight of the books of the New Testament 
were first issued there. And it is thought to be the 
burial place for St. John and St. Luke. 

Ephesus declined gradually after Roman times. The 
silt brought in by the river filled the harbor and 
hindered its trade. Repeatedly it was plundered: by 
the Goths in 262 A.D., by the Arabs in 655 and 717 
A.D. and by the Turks in 1090 and in the fourteenth 
century. It was finally completely ruined in 14-03. 

The Turks used the pure marble of the temple for 
their mosques, and the Christians carried it Kway for 


churches. It was leveled so completely that not even 
a mound marked the spot for centuries, Asiatic fanci- 
ers plowed over it and harvested crops year after 
year not realizing Its former splendor. 

In 1863, J« T. Wood of the British Museum began 
excavations at the site of old Ephesus. Noticing 
some ruins in a barley field, he began digging and . 
eventually struck a corner of the temple built in 350 
B.C. Below this he found the foundation of an older 
structure of identical size built in the sixth centu- 
ry B.C. In a later exploration (1904) by D. G. 
Hogarth, also of the British Museum, three still old- 
er, smaller structures were discovered below the cen- 
ter of the last two. The approximate date of the 
first building is 600 B.C. 

Now only ruins remain to mark the site of once 
famous and splendid Ephesus. Its harbor is now a 
marsh and twelve feet of soil cover its streets. The 
walls of the ancient stadium still show Its gigantic 
size. Quoting from Letters From Bible lan ds by D* L. 
Miller, "The desolation and ruin of Ephesus is com- 
plete. It will never be inhabited again. Never again 
will go up from the midst of this old stadium the 
wail of the helpless victim, sacrificed to gratify 
the greed for blood of the inhabitants of the old 
city. And who is to say that the blood of the Chris- 
tian martyr has not cried unto the Lord, and that His 
judgment has not fallen upon a city drunken with the 
blood of the saints?" — L.C 

Information from the Bible, Letters From Bible 
Land s, by D. L. Miller, Halley's Bible Handbook , 
Encyclopaedia Brittaniea . and The Martyr of the 


David L. and Bessie Huffman 831 So. Union Rd. 

Dayton, Ohio 45427 
(513) 835-5673 



This Book contains the mind of God, the state of 
man, the way of salvation, the doom of sinners and the 
happiness of believers. Its doctrines are holy, its 
precepts are binding, its histories are true and its 
decisions are immutable. Read it to be wise, believe 
it to be safe, and practice it to be hcly. It contains 
light to direct you, food to support you, and comfort 
to cheer you. It is the traveller's map, the pilgrim 1 s 
staff, the pilot's compass, the soldier's swcrd and the 
Christian's charter, Here paradise is restored, Heaven 
opened and the gates of hell disclosed. Christ is its 
grand object, our good its design, and the glory of 
God its end. It- should fill the memory, rule the heart, 
and guide the feet. Read it slowly, frequently and 
prayerfully. It is a mine of wealth, a paradise of 
glory, and a river of pleasure. It is given you in 
life, will be opened in Judgement, and be remembered 
forever. It involves the highest responsibility, will 
reward the greatest labor, and will condemn all ^^rho 
trifle with it's sacred contents. (Author Unknown) 

I think when I read that sweet story of old, 

When Jesus was here among men, 

How He called little children as lambs to His fold, 

I should like to have been with them then. 

I wish that His hands had been placed on my head, 

His arms had been thrown around me, 

And that I might have seen His kind look when He said, 

"Let the little ones come unto Me." 

Yet still to His footstool in prayer I may go, 
And ask for a share in His love; 
And if I now earnestly seek Him below, 
I shall see Him and hear Him above. 
In that beautiful place He has gone to prepare 
For all who are washed and forgiven; 
And many dear children are gathering there, 
"For of such is the kingdom cf Heaven." 
By Mrs. Jemijna Thompson Luke Selected by Peter Cover 


VOL. 23 NOVEMBER, 1976 NO. 11 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Great Gcd of nations, now to Thee 
Our hymn of thankfulness we raise; 
With humble heart, and bending knee, 
We offer Thee our thanks and praise. 

We give Thee thanks, Almighty God, 
For all the kindness Thou hast shown 
To this blest land our fathers trod, 
This land we humbly call our own. 

We thank Thee that the Gospel's light 
Through all our land its radiance sheds; 
Dispels the shades of error 1 s night, 
And heavenly blessings round us spreads. 

Great God, preserve us in Thy fear; 

And may we ever thankful be; 

spread Thy truth T s bright precepts here, 

That all the people worship Thee. 

By Alfred Alexander Woodhull, 1829 

From The Christian Hymnary 

"TH EI PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rote: $2,00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


u give thanks unto the Lord; call upon his name: 
make known his deeds among the people. Sing unto him, 
sing psalms unto him: talk ye of all his wondrous 
works. Glory ye in his holy name: let the heart of 
them rejoice that seek the Lord. Seek the Lord, and 
his strength: seek his face evermore. Remember his 
marvellous works that he hath done; his wonders, and 
the judgments of his mouth; ye seed of Abraham his 
servant, ye children of Jacob his chosen. He is the 
Lord our God; his judgments are in all the earth. He 
hath remembered his covenant for ever, the word which 
he commanded to a thousand generations." (Psalm 105: 

This begins a series of three psalms that, comprise 
a national song of thanksgiving. The writer recounts 
some of the 'events of Israel's history— especially 
their captivity and deliverance in Egypt — and how God 
worked to deliver them .even though they were not al- 
ways faithful. 

In this introduction the writer insists that we 
"remember his (God's) marvellous works that he hath 
done." So much of thankfulness depends on our remem- 
bering the many works of God in cur lives. In Psalm 
103:2 the writer tells us to "forget not all his ben- 

We are of*ten forgetful and this is a fault. At 
first we might think we can't help it if we forget. 
Our children often give the excuse "I forgot" when 
they leave an assigned job undone. But this is not a 
valid excuse. We don't forget things that are really 
on our minds and important to us. We don't forget to 
eat or to go to bed at night. If we really appreciate 
the marvellous works of God and His benefits to us we 
will not forget them and we mil be thankful. 


Recently a friend gave me a jar of pickles he had 
made, This man lives alone and likes to raise and can 
food, so his pickles were something special to him. 
Of course 1 thanked him. But a short time later he 
asked me how I liked them. I was ashamed that I 
couldn T t remember whether we had tried them or not. 
We have pickles at home fairly often, but this was no 
valid excuse. If I had respected this little gift 
properly, I would have known whether or not we had 
opened it. Later, after we had tried them I thanked 
him and told him they were good — which they were. But 
it wasn T t the same as if I had appreciated them proper- 

This example is of a very small gift. How much 
more important it is that we respect God's many, great 
gifts. To respect a gift is to .respect the giver, and 
the opposite is also true. 

We in California are experiencing a period of 
months of dry weather. People are beginning to com- 
plain bitterly about lack of rain, scarcity of pasture, 
no snow for skiing etc. But when we have abundance of 
rain, good crops, full wells, how do we respond to it? 
Are we careful to thank God for these blessings? The 
ungodly would take them for granted — conditions that 
men deserve because it is always so. And as soon as 
the rain is withheld, they are quick to blame God or 
blame "the weather". Let us not forget His benefits. 

These earthly blessings lose their appearance of 
importance beside the blessings of salvation God free- 
ly gives to His own. How much better to have sins 
forgiven than to have good crops. How much more we 
need the gift of the Holy Spirit than abundance of 
natural rain. Here we trust that God will not forget 
us. hie ah 7:18-19 says, "Who is a God like unto thee, 
that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgres- 
sion of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not 
his anger for ever, because he delighteth in mercy. 
He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us,- 
he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all 
their sins into the depths of the sea." This He does 


through the atonement of Jesus on the cross. God 
doesn't forget us but He will forget our sins and re- 
member them against us no more. 

In Psalm 106 the psalmist describes a condition 
that came upon Israel when they did forget God and 
His benefits. God had brought them miraculously 
from bondage in Egypt. Though the Egyptians feared 
that the Israelites would become strong, they had 
effectively kept them in submission. They had op- 
pressed this nation to the point that they could 
never have escaped Egypt if God had not intervened. 
He brought them to the Red Sea where He delivered 
•Israel and destroyed the Egyptian army. Israel sang 
a song of praise and thanksgiving for deliverance. 
But many of them soon forgot these marvellous works 
of God. Psalm 106:13-15 describes their forgetful- 
ness: "They soon forgat his works; they waited not 
for his counsel: But lusted exceedingly in the wilder- 
ness, and tempted God in the desert. And he gave 
them their request; but sent leanness into their 

This can happen when anyone forgets God. When 
they "lusted exceedingly" or desired things they 
should not have had, they were allowed to have them 
but the results were disastrous. Read the account 
of the journeyings of the Israelites. Only two of 
these of age starting from Egypt were alive forty 
years later to enter the promised Caanan. 

Leanness of soul is the dismal result of unthank- 
fulness and lust. To those in this condition it 
might even seem that all is well and going their 
way. They get their requests and have their own 
way, but the soul is neglected and goes hungry. We 
want to be healthy in soul even though it may mean 
we dc not always have our wills done. God's way is 
best. How much better to humbly submit to Him, to 
be thankful for His benefits and to experience His 
salvation. — L.C. 

"Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness, 
and for his wonderful works to the children of men!" 

—Psalm 107 



"And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went 
to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep 
the commandments of God, ana have the testimony of 
Jesus Christ." (Revelation 12:17) 

"Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the 
devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom 
he may devour," (I Peter 5:8) 

We can see from these scriptures that the followers 
of Jesus have an adversary and are engaged in a war. 
This war is the most important ever fought on this 
earth. It began In Eden and will not end until the 
return of our Lord. In most wars the soldiers are in 
danger of losing their natural lives, and many do. 
However, in this war, not only is the natural life in- 
volved, but the battle is primarily for possession of 
the soul of man, and our eternal welfare hangs in the 
balance . 

We can read in the scripture how powerful this en- 
emy is, and it would make us tremble if our Captain 
had not gone before In the battle and overcome the ad- 
versary. Another warrior in this battle, the apostle 
John, assures us that "... greater is he that is in 
you, than he that is in the world." (I John A:A) 

In battles of this world, it is always uncertain 
who the victor will be, but in this battle we already 
know which side will win, and if we are faithful we 
will enjoy the reward of the victors, even though we 
might have to lose our natural life for the cause. 

In any battle it is a great advantage to know the 
tactics and weaknesses of the enemy. Our Lord has 
supplied us information on both. How diligent we 
should be in studying his tactics so we will recognize 
his attempts to deceive and overcome us! Are we al- 
ways careful to have on the "whole armour of God?" Do 
we make full use of our privilege to communicate with 
God In prayer and ask for the assistance and guidance 
to overcome and put to flight the enemy? He is able 


to help us overcome, and He will do His part! Are we 
doing ours? If we are lost, the fault will be ours. 

There are principles involved in a natural battle 
that apply to our battle as well. I would like to 
make some comparisons and ask some questions* 

In a natural battle it is very desirable to give 
the soldiers some n basic training" to teach them the 
methods of warfare and build up their .physical strength 
before the active combat. Parents, you. are primarily 
responsible for this training in your children! What 
kind of basic training are you giving? Do you allow 
or encourage them to mix with the enemy? Do you allow 
them to indulge in the pleasures of sin, thereby poi- 
soning and weakening them? Are we building up their 
spiritual strength so they will be able to stand when 
they take up the cross and actively enter the battle 
on their own? 

"The sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God" 
is our ojaly; offensive weapon. Do we familiarize^ our 
children with it by reading it to them? Do we encour- 
age them to read and study it themselves, so they will 
become adept in its use? Maybe we could stand to 
study it a little more ourselves! Do we use every op- 
portunity to enlarge and strengthen their shield of 
faith? They will surely need it as large and strong 
as possible in tnis time of deception and false teach- 

Another principle in warfare is the need for sol- 
diers to be cpnvinced of the rightness of the cause, 
and for them to have -a patriotic spirit that will 
cause them to give tneir all for the cause. Do we 
have that spirit and feeling in the cause of the 
Master? If so, disagreeable weather, distance, or 
worldly cares shouldn't keep us from meetings. If we 
have time to go to sales, or fishing, vacationing, 
etc. but cannot seem to get time to visit the sick and 
elderly, or help when our brother is in need, then I 
fear we are not placing the kingdom first and giving 
our all to His service. 

Another principle is the need for unity. There is 
no need to say what would happen to an army of this 


world if It didn't fight In harmony and unity. This 
principle is even more necessary in our spiritual war- 
fare! I am not so old but I have seen numerous occa- 
sions when the kingdom has suffered loss because of 
the lack of unity of professed soldiers of the cross. 
One hymn says : 

" Shall children of the heavenly King 

Fall out while on the road? 
Nay, rather let them praises sing, 
And bear each other's load," 

Why is it so hard for us to deny ourselves of things 
that grieve our brethren? Is it not evidence of self- 
ishness and self will in the life of the individual? 
How many souls do you suppose the adversary has wrested 
from the kingdom because some weren't willing to deny 
themselves of something that wasn't a necessity, for 
the sake of peace and harmony? How it must please the 
adversary to see brethren quarrel and cause their 
children and other onlookers to become discouraged and 
drift into the world! : When we desire something ques- 
tionable, we should consider well the value of the 
souls we might endanger! 

Another principle we would do well to pay closer 
heed to is the necessity of soldiers protecting and 
assisting each other when the enemy attacks. How is 
it with us? If we see our brother stumble or fall 
under the attack of the enemy do we go to his assist- 
ance? Or do we just tell others that something ought 
to be done about it? Surely if we love our brother, 
we will do all in our power to aid him. The scripture 
tells us, "Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, 
ye which are spiritual, restore such an one in the 
spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou 
also be tempted. 1 ' (Galatians 6:1) Notice it says 
restore , not find fault with. I would plead with us, 
brethren, that we would have more love and concern for 
each other, and for our children, and for those who 
might be looking on! 

We can read of the closing scenes of this great 
warfare in the latter part of Revelation. Who would 
want to be in the enemy's camp then? The surest way 


to be safe then is to stay on the safest possible 
ground now! Let us put forth our every effort to 
build up and strengthen the brethren, and unitedly 
draw close to the Lord where we can put to flight the 
enemy, and be assured of entering into that peaceable 
kingdom above! May we say with the apostle Paul, 
"Thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through 
our Lord Jesus Christ." 

— James Beery 

Nap pane e , Ind iana 

parable study 
the king who made 

Matthew 22:2-14 

In verse 2, we understand that God is preparing His 
kingdom for us. 

Verse 3 tells us that God sent His prophets to bid 
His chosen ones to come to His kingdom, but they would 
not listen to them. 

Verse 4.: So He sent more prophets and finally His 
own Son to call them to His feast, but they would not 
hear even His own Son. 

Verse 5: And they went about their earthly cares, 
"one to his farm, another to his merchandise." 

Then in verse 6, "the remnant took his servants 
and entreated them spitefully and slew them, !f refer- 
ring to God's chosen people who killed the prophets 
and even His only Son and thought they were doing 
God's will. 

Verse 7: God's chosen nation would not accept His 
only Son, so God's wrath was kindled against that na- 
tion; and He sent armies that scattered them abroad 
-arid almost destroyed them. 

Verse 8; "Then saith he to his servants, The wed- 
ding is ready, but they which were bidden were not 
worthy." His chosen people would not listen to Him 


or obey His words, so (verses 9 and 10) God sent His 
disciples to every nation to call us all to get ready 
for that great judgment day when we will meet our King. 

In verse 11 where it says when the king saw a man 
"which had not on a wedding garment," it is referring 
to us when we shall be called to the judgment: if we 
have not made ourselves ready, God will say to us as 
in the 12th verse, "Why do you come up here when you 
did not do My will on earth?" Then as is seen in 
verses 13 and 14-, His angels will cast those who did 
not do His will on earth into the lower parts of hell. 

All men will go to that judgment day, but only if 
we have been made ready will He say, "Come in and en- 
joy My feast." 

— Verl Brubaker 
Nappane e , Indiana 

One night in the afterglow 

In the beautiful, golden west, 

Just as the sun was setting 

And nature was at her best, 

When the waves of the broad Pacific 

Were tinging with blue and geld, 

I saw a wonderful vision 

Before my eyes unfold. 

I saw the cross of Jesus 

Pictured clear in the deep blue sky, 

And Christ Himself was hanging there 

For the sins of you and me. 

Oh, the awful pain and anguish 

In His eyes was hard to see, 

And the hot tears quickly started 

As He suddenly looked at me. 

Those glorious eyes were pleading 
For love, as He came to die, 
And I saw that the heart was breaking 
Of the Master of earth and sky. 
The thorns were pressing keenly 
Upon that brow so sweet, 


And the pain was growing more intense 
In His nail-pierced hands and feet, 

I wondered how He could love me 
When my sins had nailed Him there , 
And as I sat in amazement watching 
That face so pure and fair, 
Suddenly the scene was shifted, 
And, instead of the cross, I saw 
A throne of purest, beaten gold, 
And my soul was filled with awe; 

For the One who sat upon it, 
Radiant with life and light, 
Robed in royal garments, 
In fine linen pure and bright, 
Was my precious Lord and Master 
Who from sin had set me free, 
And whose loving heart was broken 
As He died on the cross for me. 

Each moment increased my rapture, 

For I saw my Lord arise, 

And reaching down, He lifted me 

To His throne in the glowing skies. 

I couldn't believe my senses 

As He gently said to me, 

"In return for thy loving service, child, 

I've a beautiful crown for thee." 

What had I done for the Master 

That He should treat me so? 

I with my faults and weaknesses, 

And the tears began to flow; 

But in tender love my Saviour 

Wiped all my tears away, 

And the Heavens re-echoed with joy and song 

And I knew I was Home to stay. 

Author not known. 

Selected by Loraine Garber. 


What if I say — 

"The Bible is God's Holy Word , 

Complete j inspired, without a flaw, 1 ' 

But let its pages stay 

Unread from day to day, 

And fail to learn therefrom God's law? 

What if I go not there to seek 

The truth of which I glibly speak, 
For guidance on this earthly way? 
Does it matter what I say? 

What if I say — 

That Jesus Christ is Lord divine; 

Yet fellow-pilgrims can behold 

Naught cf the Master's love in me, 

No grace of kindly sympathy? 

If I am of the Shepherd's fold, 

Then shall I know the Shepherd's voice, 

And gladly make His way my choice. 

We are saved by faith, yet faith is one 

With life, like daylight and the sun*. 

Unless they flower in our deeds, 

Dead, empty husks are all the creeds; 

To call Christ, Lord, but strive not to obey, 

Belies the homage that with words I pay. 

Selected from The Messenger of Truth. 

When Jesus to the water went 

To be baptized of John, 

God like a dove the Holy Spirit sent, 

And with His voice approved. 

New we in water are baptized — 
We who in Christ believe, 
And God the Holy Spirit sends 
To all who will receive, 
To show that He approves. 

— Guy Hootman 



"And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write, 
These things saith the first and the last, which was 
dead , and Is alive; I .know thy works, and tribulation, 
and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blas- 
phemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but 
are the synagogue of Satan, Fear none of these things 
which thou shalt suffer; behold, the devil shall cast 
some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye 
shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful un- 
to death, and I will give thee a crown of life." 
(Revelation 2:8-10) 

These were the words John was directed to write to 
the church at Smyrna, one of the seven churches of 
Asia, They were words of comfort to a group of per- 
secuted, poverty-stricken (materially speaking) people 
who were endeavoring to faithfully serve the Lord, 
The churches of Smyrna and i-hiladelphia were alone 
among the seven which were given only words of encour- 
agement and no condemnation. 

Smyrna is an ancient city, existing from the dawn 
of history up to the present time. It is located on 
the west coast of Asia Minor approximately fifty miles 
north of Ephesus. It has the advantage of lying next 
to the Hermus River as It flows into the sea, and it 
has a natural harbor. Traditionally, Smyrna was the 
birthplace of Homer. 

By sometime around 700 B.C. Smyrna became the thir- 
teenth Ionian state and prospered as a Greek commer- 
cial city, lying on the trade route between the Indian 
empire and the west. Then in 627 B.C. Alyattes III of 
Lydia conquered the city, and for 300 years it existed 
as an unimportant village. Alexander the Great wanted 
to rebuild Smyrna, and Antigonus (316-301 B.C.), one 
of his generals, began to carry out his plan. Soon 
Smyrna was flourishing again and was one of the chief 
cities of Asia. 


When Rome came to power Smyrna allied itself with 
that great empire and proved very useful to Roman na- 
val encounters. By 195 B.C. Smyrna worshipped Rome as 
a spiritual power and later received permission from 
Tiberius to build the second temple in Asia to the em- 
peror* This pagan city was proud that its Caesar cult 
had existed for so many years. 

Smyrna was known for its knowledge of science and 
medicine and for its outstanding architecture. It has 
be@n called the "Crown of Ionia" and the "Ornament of 
Asia". The main street of the city, called the Street 
of Gold, began at the temple of Zeus and ended at the 
temple of Cybele (considered to be the mother of the 
gods). The acropolis was on a steep peak 1250 feet 
high and was circled by a ring of beautiful public 
buildings, referred to by an ancient historian as the 
"crown of porticoes". 

The Christian church at Smyrna was founded early, 
having its beginnings in the large Jewish colony there. 
At first Christianity was considered a sect of Judaism, 
and Christians were tolerated reasonably well. By the 
time Nero rose to power in Rome, however, Christianity 
was considered illegal, primarily because its adher- 
ents refused to worship the emperor. In wealthy 
Smyrna Christians soon learned about poverty — their 
shops were boycotted, they were discriminated against 
when they tried to find work, and even those who may 
have been prosperous soon lost their material posses- 

The bishop of Smyrna was Polycarp, a disciple of 
John. He was a shining example to his church and 
Christians down through the ages as he faced martyrdom 
for refusing to worship the emperor, saying, "I have 
served my Lord Christ Jesus eighty-six years, and He 
has never done me any harm. How can I deny my King, 
who hath hitherto preserved me from all evil, and so 
faithfully redeemed me? . . . Bring on the beasts, or 
the fire, or whatever thou mayest choose: thou shalt 
not, by either of them, move me to deny Christ, my 
lord and Saviour." This occurred about 168 A.D. It 

14 - _THE_. PIL GRIM 

is also written that when the people of Smyrna who 
witnessed the many persecutions "saw, how inhumanely 
these people were treated, and, on the other hand, how 
patiently the suffering Christians endured the tor- 
tures, they were greatly amazed, yea terrified." 

After Constantinople became the seat of the govern- 
ment of the Empire, trade between Anatolia and the 
west decreased in importance and Smyrna consequently 
declined. In 1 O84 the Turks seized the city and rav- 
aged it several times after that. In 1.402 Mongols 
stormed Smyrna and massacred nearly all its inhabit- 
ants* The city rose again from adversity, however, 
and became the chief provincial factory of the British 
Turkey Company from the early seventeenth century till 
1825* It also had trading connections with France, 
Holland and other nations. Smyrna today is a modern 
city of 250,000, one of the principal ports of the 
Turkish republic, and is known by its name Izmir. 

Information from the Bible, Halle y's Bible Handbook. 
Martyrs Mirror , and Encyclopaedia Brittanica . 

— Dorothy Moore 

Modesto, California 


Loraine Garber 4891 Clark s Station Ed. 

Greenville, Ohio 45331 

Everett Oyler 61015 C.R. 17, Rt. 3 

Goshen, Indiana 46526 
(219) 875-7684 


BAKER - Rachel Ann, born November 10 to Paul and 
Mary Baker of Maple, Ontario. 



Another year is passing, 
As seasons eome and go, 

Month after month outclassing; 
We labor, learn and grow. 

God's mercies more abounding 
Daily — the store is great; 

His praise we should be sounding, 
Telling our happy state. 

The streaim of daily bounty, 
Still flowing full and free, 

In county after county, 
God's benefits to see. 

We live by God's upholding, 
Pulsating, active life; 

The Spirit's power unfolding. 
The way from sin and strife. . 

may we all desiring 

To follow in the way, 
The sinful life retiring, 

By praying day by day. 

grant us of Thy favor, 
To love Thy living. Word, 

To follow our dear Saviour, 
Redeemer and our Lord. 

—J. I. Cover, 1964 


■Be kind and gentle, meek and mild, 
An humble, cheerful, loving child. 

If bent the sapling, so the tree; 

Help each dear child grow up toward Thee, 

Selected from The Christian School Builder 


Genesis 5:18-24 

The man we will talk about this time lived thousands 
of years age, before the flood, when men lived much 
longer that they do now. His father lived 962 years 
and his son lived for 969 years. This man lived here 
only 365 years, but he walked with God in such a way 
that he didn't have to die like other men. God took 
him. This was because he had faith In God and he knew 
that he pleased God. 

This man was alsc a prophet. Even so long ago he 
told of the time, yet to come when Jesus will return 
to earth. He said, "Behold, the Lord cometh with ten 
thousands of his saints, To execute Judgment upon all, 
and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all 
their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, 
and cf all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners 
have spoken against hk." (Jude 14,15) 

To "walk with God" is mere important than tc have 
feet and legs to be able to walk and run en the play- 
ground. It means that we please God, dc what He wants 
us to do and trust that His way is best. To walk 
with God means to love Jesus Christ and believe His 

Who was this man that walked with God before the 

Fill in the blanks to find the answer. 

1. By was translated that 

he should not see death, and was not , because 

God had translated him: for before his translation he 
had this , that he pleased God. (Hebrews 

* *~ 11:5) 

2. He hath shewed thee, man, what Is good; and what 

doth the Lord of thee, but to do , and 

to love , and to walk with thy 

God. (Micah 6:8) 

3. He that saith he in him ought himself 

also so to . even as he (Jesus) walked, (i John 2:6) 

~ — L.C. 


VOL. 23 DECEMBER, 1976 NO. 12 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2:1 1 


One day when heaven was filled with His praises, 
One day when sin was as black as could be, 
Jesus came forth tc be born of a virgin, 
Dwelt among men, my example is Hel 

One day they led Him up Calvary r s mountain, 
One day they nailed Him to die on the tree; 
Suffering anguish, despised and rejected, 
Bearing our sins, my Redeemer is Hel 

One day they left Him alone in the garden, 
One day He rested, from suffering free; 
Angels came down o'er His tomb to keep vigil; 
Hope of the hopeless, my Saviour is Hel 

One day the grave cculd conceal Him no longer, 
One day the stone rolled away from the door; 
Then He arose , over death He has conquered; 
Now is ascended, my Lord evermore 1 

One day the trumpet will sound for His coming, 
One day the skies with His glory will shine; 
Wonderful day, my beloved ones bringing; - 
Glcrious Saviour, this Jesus is mine I 

Living , He lcved me; dying , He saved me; 
Buried, He carried my sins far away; 
Rising , He justified freely forever: 
One day He's coming; 0, glorious day! 

By J. Wilbur Chapmen, 1859-1913 

THE! F'lLCBRliVl is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, be- 
hold, I bring ycu good tidings of great joy, which 
shall be to all people. For unto you is born this 
day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Ghrist 
the Lord. And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall 
find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in 
a manger. And suddenly there was with the angel a 
multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and say- 
ing, Glory to God in the highest , and on earth peace, 
good will toward men," — Luke 2:10-14 

With these words the fear-stricken shepherds were 
told of the birth of the Son of God. Not too many ' 
times in the long history of the world have angels 
appeared and spoken to men. But this was the occasion 
cf the coming of Jesus Christ as a human baby — born 
of a woman— the incarnation of God. 

The angel brought "good tidings of great joy, which 
shall be to all people." These Jewish shepherds must 
have. been, waiting for the Saviour to come because 
they believed the message and went immediately to 
find the Baby. After they found the Baby Jesus they 
were infected with this "great joy." They returned 
to their sheep "glorifying and praising God for all 
the things that they had heard and seen as it was told„ 
unto them." 

I wish we could all receive the joy these good 
tidings can bring. In this world of sin there is 
far toe little joy; Particularly as we look around 
us at this time of year, it is easy to become down- 
cast. Supposedly it is a time to celebrate the birth 
of Jesus. But the grandest celebrations, the bright- 
est decorations, the most lavish gifts are not by the 
people of God. but those farthest- from the truth. It 
has become an almost entirely secular celebration. 


Looking back into history we find that the customs 
attending the celebration of Christmas have mostly 
ccme from groups of people we would not like to imitate. 
Many of these customs originated in pagan cultures even 
before Jesus was born in Bethlehem, How they came to 
be accepted by Christian people was the result of an 
attitude of compromise by the officials and mission- 
aries of the Catholic Church, 

Encyclopaedia Brittanica says: "For several centu- 
ries (after its first observances in the third or 
fourth century-^-Ed.) Christmas was solely a church 
anniversary observed by religious services. But as 
Christianity spread among the people of pagan lands, 
many cf the practices of the winter solstice were 
blended with those of Christianity because of the 
liberal ruling of Gregory I, the Great , and the cc-oj>- 
eration of the missionaries, 

"Thus , Christmas became both religious and secular 
in. its celebration, at times reverent, at others gay. 
From the pagan accent on light it is not difficult to 
trace the rise of lights and open fire s— from the bon- 
fires of sun worship and their variant the yule log to 
the many customs centering .around the candle and its 
legends to light the Christ child." 

Much could be written by way of proof that most of 
the customs of Christmas have not come from the true 
Church. But perhaps we can more profitably seek and 
find something to rejoice about as we contemplate, the 
birth of Jesus in Bethlehem, We can well be joyful 
if we have come to Him for salvation. It was the time 
when God came to dwell with us and to put into effect 
His pre-arranged plan to save mankind. 

The world can celebrate with gaity and indulgence 
the birth of Jesus- because as a baby He placed no ob- 
ligation on men. He demanded no decision then. But 
when we see His purpose in coming into the world, we 
can have joy only if we belong to Him. Though the 
Baby Jesus puts no obligation on anyone, the crucified 
and risen Jesus does place the greatest obligation. 
When we see Him on the cross and. then. risen victorious 


over death with all power in heaven and in earthy 
then we must make a choice-^-either to submit to Him 
and follow Him and have His peace and joy, or to re- 
ject Him and in turn be rejected by Him. 

The real joy comes when we realize that Jesus was 
born a man to conquer sin and death. "For since by 
man came death, by man came also the resurrection of 
the dead." (I Corinthians 15:21) We learn in God ! s 
Word that there was ho other name and no other way 
whereby we could be saved. 

When each one of us can realize that Jesus died 
for me — when we know certainly that without Him we 
are lost forever — when we can look back and see vic- 
tory over sin because of the grace of this crucified 
one — then we can know the joy that was announced at 
the time of His birth. Let the world have its time 
of gaity, carelessness, lavish expense on decorations 
and useless gifts. May it be for us to rejoice at 
the birth of the Redeemer and Saviour os our souls. 

While we were never commanded to celebrate the 
birth of Jesus, it is a fact that many wonderful, 
memorable miracles attended His birth. Much is told 
for us to remember and appreciate. One Christian 
writer gave good advice. After listing many of the 
abuses and dangers in the world's celebrations he 
wrote: "The Christian experiences a deep joy and grat- 
itude toward God when he reads the account of the birth 
of Jesus, and thinks of the great love God had for 
fallen men, to send His Only Son among them, as a help- 
less Babe. But the Christian's joy and the carnal 
man*s hilarity are two different things. And we do 
well not to confuse them... If we wish to observe 
Christ's nativity at one special time of the year, we 
should try to do so in all reverence, worshiping Him 
not only in the way the Wise Men did, as a God born 
a babe, but also as the Saviour of mankind , crucified, 
risen, and ascended. If we wish to give, let us give 
to the poor and needy, without thought of recompehee. 
If we like the evergreen tree, let's admire it in its 
native state. And if we wish to observe this season 

(Continued on page 7) 


I Corinthians 2:12 

Many gifts have been bestowed in time past by men 
of wealth and lesser means upon their fellow men, and 
perhaps from various motives* No doubt much has been 
given out of good will and love in the breast for some 
esteemed one, and to others who may be in poverty and 
less fortunate. Large gifts have been made to educa- 
tional and other public projects. Some gifts have 
been bestowed, perhaps, for the acquisition of fame 
and a name. No doubt large sums of money have been 
given to public men as bribes to win their favor for 
selfish interests, and this kind of gift is no doubt 
what King bolomon meant when he said, "a gift destroy- 
eth the heart." 

Some gifts are given according to Matthew 6:3^-4 
where none but the donor and the all-^seeing eye of 
Jehovah are aware* But in the above scripture we are 
told of One who has an unbounded storehouse of good, 
which as in the case of Simon the sorcerer cannot be 
purchased with money, but is waiting to be freely 
given to those who in truth feel the. need and ask for 
the bountiful things that are for their good. 

Innumerable are the things that are freely given to 
us of God, Do we know this, or are we ignorant of the 
hand that bestows every blessing? Can we see the hand 
that brought into being the myriad forms of creation: 
animal, vegetable and inanimate things, providing for 
their existence and reproduction? Can we see Him in 
the creation of life, air, water and the many things 
in which man f s power to create is futile and impotent? 
Xet no creation is without a creator. Human intelli- 
gence should freely see the deity of Almighty God and 
the truth of His declaration, "All the earth is mine, 
and the cattle upon a thousand hills." This God of 
all goodness and true riches gave to you and to me the 
gift of His Son, to provide for that which none other 
could do: "the perfection and fullness of glory," 


which no man of his own power has ever seen. And do 
we know Him and the things He so freely gives us? 

It is said of Israel whom God had chosen for a pe- 
culiar treasure unto Him, "I have nourished and 
brought up children, and they have rebelled against 
me. The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his mas- 
ter's crib; but Israel doth not know, my people doth 
not consider." (Isaiah 1:2-3) Jesus in that last 
night's prayer said, "And this is life eternal, that 
they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus 
Christ, whom thou hast sent." And it was of this one 
that Paul said, "Now we have received, not the spirit 
of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we 
might know the things that are freely given to us of 
God." Paul also wrote, "Eye hath not seen, nor ear 
heard, neither hath it entered the heart of man the 
things which God hath prepared for them that love him. 
But God hath revealed them unto us by his spirit, for 
the spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things 
of God." So he who has the spirit of God does know 
of the things that are freely given. 

Jesus gave the free gift of a possible regeneration 
and rebirth — rebirth into new life. And with it He 
gives the power to sustain that life. That life, be- 
ing out of harmony with the spirit of the world, may 
meet the opposition of the world, but He freely gives 
the power to overcome the world, to overcome evil with 
good. He gives the power to rejoice in trials and 
temptations, persecutions and suffering for righteous- 
ness sake. He gives the power of liberty, liberty 
from the bondage of corruption. He gives the power 
of His peace, so much greater than that which the 
world giveth. He gives the spirit of hope, the anchor 
of the soul. He freely gives the highway of humility, 
the only safe thoroughfare to glory, for the prophet 
Isaiah (2:11-12) says, "The lofty looks of man shall 
be humbled, s^nd the haughtiness of men shall be bowed 
down, and the Lord alone shall be exalted in that day. 
For the day 6f the Lord of hosts shall be upon every 
one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that 


is lifted up| and he shall be brought low. ,T He gives 
the assurance of His blessed care to His people, who 
are of much more value- than the sparrow. He gives 
the gracious promise of remission of sins to those 
who confess to Him; He also gives us the propensity 
in our hearts to forgive. 

Last but not least, He gives the gift of eternal 
life — "for the gift of God is eternal life through 
Jesus Christ our Lord" — by His grace. By grace ye 
are saved, not of works; for works, however great, 
cannot merit nor purchase eternal life. But good 
works may appeal to the grace of God, as it will when 
it will be said, ."Come, ye blessed of my Father, in- 
herit the kingdom prepared for you from the founda- 
tion of the world: For I was an hungred, and ye gave 
me meat; I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was 
a stranger, and ye took me in: Naked, and ye clothed 
me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, 
and ye came unto me." (Matthew 25:34-36) 

—Elder David A. Skiles 
Made available by Harvey Skiles 


BHJBAKER - A daughter, Emily Jean, born November 13 
to Verl and Margaret Brubaker of Nappanee, Indiana. 

WAGNER - A daughter, Mary Ruth, born November 27 to 
Daniel and Thelma Wagner of Bradford, Ohio. 

MARTIN - A daughter, Linda Rose, born. December 6 to 
David and Mary Ann Martin of Dal ton, Ohio. 

Continued from page 4 

in school let's do it in a worshipful way, 'as to the 
Lord, and not unto men.' (Colossians 3:23)" From 
The Challenge of the Child . — L.C. 


Luke 14:1 6-24 

Whilst I am a stranger to most of you, I neverthe- 
less feel assured by the signs I witness that I can 
confidingly and affectionately address some of you, 
and I trust a goodly number too, as beloved brethren 
and sisters. This is, so far, as it should be. But 
what would be the joy of my heart, and what would be 
the joy of heart with each one of you, could it be 
said that this entire congregation is of one mind and 
all speak the same thingl But the words of my text, 
harmonizing with the closing words of another parable, 
recorded by Matthew, which declare that "many are 
called, but few chosen," may continue to be. true, for 
a long time, yet to come* Whilst the advocates of 
election and predestination claim this as one of .their 
proof texts, to jooy mind it proves the exact reverse. 
"Many are called." Here, if I mistake not, the Ger- 
man has it: "The many are called," I take this to 
mean that all are called. Now compare this with what 
is said here in my text: "Then the master of the 
l^ouse, being angry, said to his servant, Go out quick- 
ly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring 
in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and 
the blind. And the servant said, Lord, it is done as 
thou hast commanded, and yet there is room. And the 
Lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways 
and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house 
may be filled." This surely proves that all are 
called or invited to the great supper. First, the 
Jews were invited. When Jesus sent forth the twelve 
Hb commanded them saying: "Go not into the way of 
the Gentiles, fund into any city of the Samaritans 
enter ye not: but go rather to the lost sheep of the 
house of Israel." Here it is plain that the Jews were 
the first to be invited- "But they all with one mind 
began to make excuse .» Next then the poor of the city 
were invited. Still there was room. Next the out- 
casts and beggars were invited. These included the 


very lowest of the Gentile nations, and comprehend all 
that live, every creature. 

Now I ask, in the name of all that is reasonable, 
can we, dare we, accuse the Lord of dealing deceit- 
fully? Perish the thought forever. Not He invites 
all because it is His blessed will to see all come and 
sit at His table spread with the great love feast 
which He has prepared for all who are willing and de- 
sire to come. This very thought is the joy of my 
heart and the boast of my tongue * And it is a joy 
which no man taketh from me, because it rests on the 
rock of Divine Truth. But a preparation is necessary. 
We can hardly separate the parable under consideration 
from the one recorded in fetthew twenty-second chap- 
ter. There we read of a weduing dinner made by a 
king, to celebrate the marriage of his son. And when 
the king came in he saw there a man who had not on a 
wedding garment, iind the king said: n Friend, how 
earnest tnou in hitner not having a wedding garment? 
And he was speechless." And why was he speechless? 
If he would have had any reasonable excuse to offer 
for the unprepared appearance which he made, would he 
have been speechless? Reason says at once. He would 
have urged his inability to procure a suitable dress 
for the occasion, as the cause for nis appearing in 
the way he did, if any such cause- had existed. And 
the king knew this full well; otherwise he would not 
have required all to have on the wedding garment. 

I now call your attention to the closing words of 
the parable; "I say unto you, That none of those men 
which were bidden shall taste of my supper. rt The 
reason for this is found in the fact that they would 
not come. They were the first to be invited. Had 
they come, they would have received the right hand of 
welcome. But notice the unreasonable excuses they 
made. One had bought a piece of ground, and he must 
go and see it, as if night were the time to look at' 
land. Another must try the five yoke of oxen he had 
that day bought, as if night were the best time to do 
this. Another had married a wife and could not come, 


as if night were not a suitable time to enjoy a rich 
supper with his bride. We wonder at these vain and 
almost unnatural excuses; but do we find the excuses 
of men any more reasonable today? Men hazard their 
souls in a life of sin, not for want of invitations, 
entreaties and warnings from the Lord to come unto 
Him, but because they will not. The Lord pleads with 
men today, just as He pleaded. with Israel centuries 
ago. Hear what He says to Israel by the mouth of the 
Prophet Ezekiel? "Repent, and turn yourselves from 
all your transgressions; so iniquity shall not be your 
ruin. Cast away from you all your transgressions 
. . . and make you a new heart and a new spirit; for 
wny will ye die, house of Israel? For I have no 
pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the 
Lord God: wherefore turn yourselves and live ye." 

And now, brethren and friends, to make a brief ap- 
plication of some of the great principles laid down, 
I will say that the Lord's Supper Is the great love 
feast which He : has prepared for you, for me, for all. 
This great love feast, of which our own ordinance by 
His appointment, and bearing the same name, is a beau- 
tiful and fitting emblem, is neither more nor less 
than the bountiful provisions Christ has made for the 
salvation of all. These provisions are the great 
truths of His Word, filled with His love. The Lord 
Jesus says: "I am the bread of life." To the Jews 
He said; "Your fathers did eat the manna in the wil- 
derness, and they died." "If any man eat of the bread 
which I shall give him, he shall live forever. " When 
we are faithfully obeying the Lord from love in our 
hearts, we are eating this life-giving bread. Every 
truth which the Lord has revealed, and by which the 
spiritual man is fed as to his soul, may be regarded 
as a component part of this great feast. 

Jesus said to the tempter: "Man doth not live by 
bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of 
the mouth of God." The tempter here meant material 
bread for the body, and the Lord answered him accord- 
ing to that meaning. This is the kind of bread, 
material bread, with which the devil seeks to satisfy 


every demand of our being. It embraces everything the 
natural appetite of man craves. The devil is ever 
seeking to lead men to feed on the husks which the 
swine do eat, and to be satisfied with that kind of 
food. But the blessed Lord Jesus resists the tempter, 
and continually seeks to lead men into a higher, 
nobler and heavenly life. He says to every sinner: 
"Arise, and gc to thy Father, and say unto him, Father, 
I have sinned before heaven, and in thy sight, and am 
no more worthy to be called thy son." This is repent- 
ance. This is the first move man makes in the way of 
approach to the feast the Lord has prepared. "Man 
liveth by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth 
of God." This embraces all of Revealed Truth. Every 
law, every precept, every prophecy, every parable has 
some outflowing, healing virtue, some life -imparting 
power. We touch the hem of its garment when we read 
or hear in sincerity of heart. sinner, come and 
partake of this feast, and thy soul shall live. 

From Life and Labors of Elder John Kline 

Selected by Daniel F. Wolf 


Above us are the Eyes that never slumber, 
That watch against whatever hurts or harms; 
Around us are His mercies without number, 
And underneath, the Everlasting Arms. 

Above us are the Hands that once were riven, 
That broke the spell of Satan 1 s cunning charms; 
Around us are the pledges that He has given, 
And underneath, the Everlasting Arms. 

Above us are the fruits of His affection, 
The blessed hope that stills our dread alarms; 
Around us are the wings of His protection, 
And underneath, the Everlasting Arms. 

By W. M. Czampake 

Selected by Alma Garber 



Jesus taught the people this short parable in 
Matthew 13:47-50. "Again, the kingdom of heaven is 
like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gath- 
ered of every kind: Which, when it was full, they 
drew to shore, and sat down, and gathered the good" 
into vessels, but cast the bad away." 

Jesus was using a common situation to make those 
people understand more clearly what the Kingdom of 
Heaven is like. He was saying that His word or the 
word of God will be spread over the whole world so 
that everyone will be given the chance to repent of 
their sins* and be baptized* But Jesus knew that His 
word would be rejected by more people than would ac- 
cept it. Jesus said in hatthew 7:13-14, "Enter ye in 
at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad 
is the way, that, leadeth to destruction, and many 
there -be which go in thereat. Because strait is the 
gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, 
and few there be that find it." It seems that Jesus 
as well as f isnermen have only two classes: that of a 
fisherman, either good or bad and that of Jesus, saved 
or lost. This is clearly brought out in Revelation 
3:15-16.- "I know thy works, that thou art neither 
cold nor hot: I -would thou wert cold or hot. So then 
because thou- art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I 
will spew thee out of my mouth. ,! 

When the day of judgment comes the righteous will 
be gathered together and the wicked will surely be 
cast away as the fishermen were gathering the good but 
casting the bad away, hay we always strive to do what 
is right and yield to God in such a way that we may be 
part of that great Kingdom of Heaven and not be cast 

— David Cover 

Tuolumne, California 



"And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; 
These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with 
two edges; I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, 
even where Satan's seat is, and thou boldest fast my 
name, and hast not denied ay faith, even in those days 
wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain 
among you, where Satan dwelleth. But I have a few 
things against thee, because thou hast there them that 
hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast 
a stumblingfclock before the children of Israel, to eat 
things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornica- 
tion. So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine 
of the Nicolaitane^ which thing I hate. Repent; or 
else I will come unto thee quickly, and will fight 
against them with the sword of my mouth." (Revelation 

These were the words the apostle John was instructed 
to write to the church at Pergamos, or pergamum. They 
give us some insight into what kind of a church ex- 
isted there — a churcn in a wicked, pagan city, which 
was faithful to the name of Christ and was suffering 
martyrdom, but which tolerated false teaching that 
allowed Christians to participate in some of the hea- 
then immoralities surrounding them. 

Pergamum was an important ancient city of Asia 
Minor, located 55 miles north of Smyrna and 15 miles 
inland from the coast. Its early beginnings are not 
known, but its existence goes back at least to 420 B.C. 
as is evidenced by coins made there at that time. The 
first ruler to proclaim himself king of Pergamum was 
Attalus I (241-197 B.C.), who allied the city with Rome 
and was rewarded with a share of Roman prosperity, 
culture, and success. Under Eumenes II (197-159 B.C.] 
Pergsmum reached the height of its prosperity; it was 
the capital of a kingdom covering much of western Asia 
Minor. The last king of Pergamum, Attalus III, died 


in 133 B.C. and left his kingdom to Rome. The Romans 
gave the kingdom the status of a province called Asia, 
and Pergamum remained the capital for two hundred 
years. With Ephesus and Smyrna, Pergamum continued 
to rank as one of the three great cities of the prov- 

As a result of its early alliance with Rome, 
Pergamum was quick to adopt the imperial cult of em- 
peror worship. The city was proud that it was the 
first in Asia to build a temple to Rome and Augustus 
in 29 B.C. A temple to Trajan was built at a later 
date. Pergamum was also a center of worship of Zeus, 
Athena, Asklepius and Dionysius. About one hundred 
years ago the throne -like altar of Zeus was discovered 
at Pergamum. This altar had been erected by Eumenes 
II in 180 B.C. to celebrate his victory over the 
Gauls. It is thought by some that either this altar 
or the temple to Rome may have been the place "where 
Satan's seat Is u referred to in Revelation 2:13. 

Pergamum boasted many beautiful buildings. Its 
Acropolis was filled with temples to its many deities,. 
public buildings, a palace, theater, circus and li- 
brary. The library at Pergamum was famous in the an- 
cient world. Second only to that of Alexandria, it 
contained 200,000 volumes. Parchment was developed 
in Pergamum when a controversy arose with Egypt about 
importing papyrus. Thus, Pergamum was considered a 
center of art and culture in the ancient world. 

The Christians were able to establish a group early 
in Pergamum, as evidenced by the fact that it was rec- 
ognized as one of the seven churches of Asia. Pres- 
sure on Christians to compromise their principles in 
this idolatrous city ,must have been great and led to 
the admonition written by John in Revelation 2:1 4-1 6. 
According to the writer of Martyrs hirror . Antipas 
(in Revelation 2:13) was burned alive toward the end 
of the first century A.D. during the reign of Domitian. 

After the fall of the Roman Empire Pergamum came 
under the power of the Byzantines, who refortified the 
city. Then early in the fourteenth century the 


Moslems took control and were replaced by the Turks 
about 1825. Pergamum, now called Bergama, is still 
a commercial and administrative city of importance; 
it is located on the plain below the site of the an- 

cient city. 

Information from the Bible , Halley T s Bible Handbook , 
Encyclopaedia Brittanica and Martyrs Mirror . 

— Dorothy Moore 

Modesto, California 


It matters not what others say^, 

Or what they think or do, 
If we are walking in God's way 

And to His word are true, 


For He has given us a guide, 

A rule by which to live, 
And if in us His words abide 

His blessings He will give. 

It matters not what we may lose 
Here in this world below, 

God always will provide for those 
Who honor to Him show. 

So we have but to carry on 
And strive to do His will; 

His word we can depend upon; 
Our God is with us still. 

Selected by Bertie Baker 

Love is the New Covenant motive for obedience. 
Jesus said, "If ye love me, keep my commandments." 
(John 14:15) ' 


Genesis 12:1-24:10 

The man to identify this month is famous for his 
faith j and is sometimes called the father of the faith- 
ful. (See Romans 4 til and 16) The Lord first called 
hijn to leave his country and his father 1 s house and 
go to a land Gcd would show him. He obeyed and God 
led him to the land of Canaan. God told him He would 
give this land of Canaan to him and to his family. 
He wondered about this as he had no children. But 
God told him that he and his wife would have a son. 

This promised son was born miraculously because his 
parents were old. God proved the faith of this man 
when he told him to offer this special son as a sac- 
rifice. The father did not refuse but began on the 
journey to the mountain where God told him it should 
be done. He came to the place and even went so far 
as to tie up his son and reach for the knife to slay 
him. He knew God could raise him to life again. God 
stopped him and provided a ram caught in a thicket 
nearby for the offering instead. 

Because of his faith In God, God gave him great 
promises — that his descendants would be so many that 
they could not be counted and that all nations would 
be blessed in him. This man was the father of the 
chosen nation of Israel. Out of this nation came 
Jesus who was born to save His people and all those 
from any nation who would come to Him in faith. 

Fill the blanks below: 

1. Neither shall thy name any more be called 

but thy name shall be ; for a father of 

many nations have I made thee. (Genesis 17:5) 

2. And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth 
be ; because thou hast my 

voice. (Genesis 22:18) 

3. ... believed 'God , and it was counted unto 

him for . (Romans 4:3) — L.C.